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© Datamonitor Marketing To Kids: Being Effective And Responsible Food & Drink Innovation Network – 15 th November, 2006 Daniel Bone, Senior Consumer Insight Analyst Datamonitor
© Datamonitor Agenda and key takeout Effective marketing involves a ‘layered’ approach that creates ‘duel appeal’ for parents and kids alike KIDS INSIGHT Children & Tweens declining in number Heavy consumers of sugary foods, getting heavier and lacking key nutrients ‘Consumer socialization’ is occurring earlier than ever Influenced by a media-orientated lifestyle, their peers and the ‘cool factor’ Value food and drink products that are unique, fun and explorative PARENTAL INSIGHT Huge role to play in the ‘consumer socialization’ process Trying to eat more healthily and this will have a knock-on effect Sceptical audience Freshness and nutritional information are important factors for consumers of parenting age Lacking time
© Datamonitor Kids are declining in number The number of 5-9 year old children in the UK will decline from 3.9 million in 2001 to 3.2 million in 2011 The number of year old Tweens will decline from 3.1 million to 2.8 million over the same time period Trends are playing out across Europe but the decline is steepest in the UK KIDS INSIGHTS % -10% -13% -4% -8% -6% IMPLICATION: smaller market size – even more important to get it right!!
© Datamonitor Heavy consumers of sugary-snacky foods KIDS INSIGHTS Heavy consumers of food products associated with fun, indulgence and unhealthy formulations In 2005, European Children consumed over 8% more confectionery, ice cream and savory snacks in value terms per capita compared to the population average (Datamonitor Consumer Graphics) In 2005, European Tweens also over-consumed in the same categories, but by more than 20% (Datamonitor Consumer Graphics) Frequency of eating is also noteworthy Number of snack occasions per person per year, 2005 Source: Datamonitor’s New Consumer Insight series
© Datamonitor …and getting heavier KIDS INSIGHTS Childhood obesity worldwide has more than doubled in the last 20 years with many Kids’ diets containing more fat, sugar and salt than recommended (International Obesity Taskforce) 32% of UK kids were overweight or obese in 2005 Children are 'drinking' almost five litres of cooking oil every year as a result of their pack-a-day crisp habit (The British Heart Foundation, 2006) Average weight increasing due to the combine effects of unhealthy eating habits and decreasing physical activity The media has been notably vociferous about issues relating to kids’ health, and in particular the part played by food manufacturers and marketers IMPLICATION: a genuine behavioural shift especially as kids and parents respond to campaigns challenging existing habits
© Datamonitor Diets lacking key nutrients KIDS INSIGHTS One in five kids currently skips breakfast (Office for National Statistics). Vital nutrients missed, if breakfast is skipped, are not made up for during the rest of the day Earlier this year calcium was cited as the nutrient most lacking in kids' diets today by 84% of the 674 members of the New York State Dietetic Association (NYSDA) 30% of boys and only 10% of girls were achieving the recommended daily intake (RDI) of calcium (Pediatrics – US Journal) Threat of osteoporosis in later life by not getting enough calcium Recommend that more milk, cheese and yogurt products targeting kids would be one way to address the deficiency IMPLICATION: the need to promote ‘positive nutrition’ – what’s added to products will be just as important as what has been removed
© Datamonitor Not very nutritionally savvy KIDS INSIGHTS What’s in a chip? 36% of UK 8-14 year-olds could not correctly identify the main ingredient as potato, despite chips being a firm (British Heart Foundation, 2005) A need to re-connect kids with the food chain… Get them thinking about what is in their food and how they can make healthier BUT equally tasty choices Engage children in understanding why certain foods are less healthy than others, and encourage them to become interested in what's on their plate Must communicate to children in their language and sparking their curiosity IMPLICATION: educational efforts need to be all encompassing – parents and kids
© Datamonitor ‘Consumer socialization’ is occurring earlier than ever KIDS INSIGHTS KGOY: Kids Growing Up Young – including as consumers Greater role in household decision making and making more independent purchases at earlier ages 6 MONTHS: babies are forming mental images of corporate logos and mascots 3 YEARS: making direct requests for specific name brand 5 YEARS: can meaningfully distinguish television advertising from regular television 7-8 YEARS: become aware of advertising's persuasive intent, more than its informational intent 9 YEARS: developed an understanding of the symbolic nature of brand meaning 11 YEARS: articulate a detailed critical understanding of advertising and its intentions Source: British Food Journal, Journal of Consumer Marketing IMPLICATION: high potential to capture their imagination with the right product and communication approach
© Datamonitor ‘Consumer socialization’ manifests as pester power KIDS INSIGHTS Children average a purchase-influence attempt every 2 minutes when shopping with their parents 60% of UK parents sampled agreed that they “give in to children’s demands in the supermarket when they want food products” (The British Food Journal, Turner et al., 2006) DRIVERS PESTER TACTICS RATIONAL Stating that a food is their preferred food Expressing opinions on foods EMOTIONAL Begging or being unnaturally nice or affectionate to parents Using deals (if you buy this for me, then I’ll do this for you) Product involvement – pester power is higher when the child is the primary product user Family income - family income and children’s influence are related positively Age - influence increases with age while requests’ frequency decreases with the child’s age MEDIATING FACTORS
© Datamonitor Influenced by a media-orientated lifestyle KIDS INSIGHTS The range of things competing for kids’ attention has snowballed Internet and mobile phone usage growing and at an earlier age The ‘connected generation’ – have grown up in a world surrounded by technology Technology fulfils kids’ entertainment, educational and social needs 2 to 11-year-olds spend around 17 hours watching TV each week in the UK “With the same level of exposure, kids are three times more likely to remember that they have seen a brand advertised on TV than adults” (Lindstrom, Brandchild, 2003) IMPLICATION: with all these things competing for their attention engaging their interest is going to be more difficult in the future
© Datamonitor Influenced by peers and the ‘cool factor’ KIDS INSIGHTS Once children enter school they are increasingly influenced by peers Behaviour is highly influenced by the desire of friendship, for acceptance and belonging Children are looking for products as vehicles that can make them belong to other kids SYMBOLIC MEANING OF BRANDS: worn as tribal badges to show their peer group affiliation and to provide them with ‘playground currency’ Brandchild research showed that close to half the world’s 8-14 year old population state that the clothes they wear describe who they are and define social status (Lindstrom, 2003). Is it possible to link messages about health eating with fashion? IMPLICATION: Kids will screen all forms of product attributes and communication cues and judge it against their criteria of cool. MAKE IT HIP TO BE HEALTHY!
© Datamonitor Kids respond to specific attributes and cues differently KIDS INSIGHTS Primary colours, organized and regulated patterns, soft words with gentle y-endings (happy, pretty, jammy, jolly, etc.) all encode 4-5 year-old products (Journal of Consumer Marketing, 2003, McNeal and Ji) Seven-year-olds are into the strong colours, and rebellious chaotic designs that signify their growing independence (Journal of Consumer Marketing, 2003) Impactful visuals in packaging are very important for recognition for children of all ages The cool factor again: Datamonitor research has shown the packaging is the most important factor – aside from word of mouth – influencing perceptions of cool BUT younger Children more likely than older ones to exhibit some sort of physical involvement with packaging beyond the functional contact required to pick up a package and place it in the shopping basket (Journal of Consumer Marketing, 2003) IMPLICATION: Packaging cues are important to providing the “wow factor” for kids
© Datamonitor They value food and drink products that are unique, fun and explorative KIDS INSIGHTS Interaction helps to accelerate the development of brand relationships that would otherwise take years to develop Incorporating these principles into health-orientated product marketing will be important for future success Healthy products perceived to be lacking ‘fun’ credentials Formulating products against these principles of fun will help develop successful products
© Datamonitor Some product examples… KIDS INSIGHTS
© Datamonitor Parents have a huge role to play in the ‘consumer socialization’ process PARENTAL INSIGHT “Parents play the dominant influence role until the child reaches adolescence, when peers become the favored source of information” (The Journal of Consumer Marketing, Dotson and Hyatt, 2005) Key agents in shaping early food attitudes. 9 out of 10 children cite their parents as their most important source of believable information on food and healthy eating (Kellogg's Family Health Study, 2005) If adults give children encouragement and incentives, they can begin to taste food they have previously rejected (The British Food Journal, Horne et al.,1998) Implication: parents need to be at the centre of any initiative that seeks to promote better nutrition for children
© Datamonitor Consumers of parenting age are trying to eat more healthily and this will have a knock-on effect… PARENTAL INSIGHT Consumer survey: the extent that European and US year olds took ‘active steps to eat more healthily’ over the previous year, by country The sameSlightly moreMuch more Total More France34.4%42.6%20.8% 63.4% Germany40.1%39.4%15.5% 54.9% Italy30.8%40.1%23.5% 63.7% Neth.38.5%37.5%21.6% 59.1% Spain23.7%43.4%28.5% 71.8% Sweden31.0%40.7%20.3% 61.0% UK17.0%47.5%31.3% 78.9% US29.6%36.3%28.6% 64.9% Overall30.9%40.4%23.9% 64.3% Almost half (47%) of UK mums worry that their children aren't eating a healthy, balanced diet according to Kellogg’s UK research published ahead of National Breakfast Week in 2005 Deeply concerned with additives, sugar and salt Source: Datamonitor Consumer Survey, July 2006
© Datamonitor But they are sceptical too… PARENTAL INSIGHT Parents are concerned about misleading health claims made for foods targeted at children (Food Standards Agency, 2001) 82% of European and US consumers overall ‘agreed’ or ‘strongly agreed’ that, “product claims made by food and drink products are often exaggerated or unproven”. 1 in 4 ‘strongly agreed’ (Dec 05) Less than half of UK consumers consider the nutritional claims made by food and drink players to be trustworthy (Oct 04) Even less (37%) consider that health-boosting claims made by food and drink players are trustworthy Need to overcome this scepticism to get parental buy-in Source: Datamonitor Consumer Surveys ( )
© Datamonitor Leverage the product attributes and communication cues that consumers perceive as trustworthy Previous experiences of consuming the product Endorsement from professional bodies Whether the brand is well known/ has a good reputation Endorsement by professional experts e.g. Doctors A good track record in business ethics A clear understanding of the product benefits The use of natural/organic ingredients Clear, effective labelling Question: How influential are the following in (re)gaining consumers’ trust…? Source: Datamonitor Consumer and Industry Opinion Survey, Dec 2005 PARENTAL INSIGHT This Argentinean cereal bar was developed jointly with Cesni training center on child nutrition. Each 25g bar is said to be a good source of vitamins, iron, zinc, and calcium, is targeted at children
© Datamonitor Freshness and information is an important factor for consumers of parenting age PARENTAL INSIGHT Consumer survey: How important ‘eating fresh foods and drinks’ is to year olds, by country ImportantVery ImportantTotal Important UK39.6%48.7%88.3% US37.4%49.3%86.7% Overall41.0%48.3%89.2% Consumer survey: the extent that year olds ‘used nutritional information on product packaging to make choices’ in 2006, by country Slightly moreMuch moreTotal More UK38%24%63% US29%27%55% Overall30%20%50% Source: Datamonitor Consumer Survey, 2006 IMPLICATION: task for the industry is to make it easier for parents and their kids to make informed healthy choices
© Datamonitor Parents are also deprived of time PARENTAL INSIGHT According to a 2004 survey by parenting website raisingkids.co.uk, the traditional ritual of gathering around the table at dinner time to talk to one another is now only practiced by a small minority of families with the increasing demands on parents' and children's time a significant factor Last week a Vodafone survey revealed that the majority of UK families spend an average of 17mins, 24s together every day The main 'disconnector' is work, blamed by 7 in 10 for preventing more contact with family Families end up eating “unhealthy food” because of time pressures and not involving children in the cooking process IMPLICATION: Develop strategies that attempt to bridge the gap between children and parents
© Datamonitor New innovation and concepts still need to make family life easier
© Datamonitor Understand parents and kids’ needs Effective marketing involves a ‘layered’ approach that creates ‘duel appeal’ for parents and kids alike Kids are actually declining in number and family dynamics are changing Appealing to kids and parents may require separate communication strategies Health has become a vital but sceptical issue. Make trust building a big part of the marketing effort Profitable opportunities exist for products that are fun, healthy and tasty Kids are influenced by a range of factors and these change as they age Parents need help: nutritional information and time saving product solutions are sought CONCLUSIONS
© Datamonitor Thanks for your attention
© Datamonitor References Datamonitor (2002) Tweenagers Datamonitor (2003) Children’s Consumption Occasions and Behaviors Datamonitor (2005) Profiting and Building From Consumer Trust Datamonitor (2005) Evolution of Global Consumer Trends Datamonitor (2006) Capitalizing on Natural & Fresh Food & Drink Trends Datamonitor (2006) Capitalizing On New Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner Consumption Patterns Datamonitor (2006) Marketing To Kids: How To Be Effective And Responsible Dotson, M.J. and Hyatt, E. M. (2005) Major influence factors in children’s consumer socialization, Journal of Consumer Marketing 22/1 (2005) 35–42 Greenhalgh, T. (2002), Understanding family values, International Journal of Marketing and Advertising to Children, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2002, pp Lawrence, D. (2003) The role of characters in kids marketing, International Journal of Advertising & Marketing to Children, Vol.4, Issue 3, pp Lee, C.K.C. and Beatty, S.E. (2002) Family structure and influence in family decision making, Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp Lee, C.K. and. Collins, B.A. (2000) Family decision making and coalition patterns, European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 34 No. 9/10, 2000, pp Lindstrom, M. and Seybold, P. (2003) Brandchild, Kogan Page McNeal, J. and Ji, M.F. (2003) Children’s visual memory of packaging, Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 20, No.5, pp Moore, M. (2002) Stupid White Men, Penguin Books Oates, C., Blades, M, and Gunter, B. (2003) Marketing to Children, Journal of Marketing Management, pp Shoham, A. and Dalakas, V. (2005), “He said, she said... they said: parents’ and children’s assessment of children’s influence on family consumption decisions”, Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 22 No. 3, pp Shoham, A. & Dalakas, V. (2006) How our adolescent children influence us as parents to yield to their purchase requests, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 23/6 (2006) 344–350
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