12Q&A North South 1. What were the 2 things Mongolians were known for? Horseback RidingWaging war2. Where did the Mongolians have their herds of animals graze?In the STEPPES or grassy plains of Mongolia and northern China.3.Mongolia is _______ China and _______ of Russia.NorthSouth
13ObjectiveMongols, Genghis Khan and his sons, built an empire that stretched from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe.
14Essential Understanding For thousands of years, the horse was the most important form of Transportation in the world. How did the use their skills of horseback riding to build such a vast empire.
15The Man who will Unite the Mongols Who was Genghis Khan?The Man who will Unite the Mongols
16His name was Temujin Which meant “Blacksmith” As a young man he began uniting the Mongol Tribes
171206 meeting of Mongol leaders in the Gobi desert At the meeting Temujin was elected “Genghis Khan” means “Strong Ruler”
29Q&A 4. What was Genghis Khan birth name? and what does it mean? Temujin – means “Blacksmith”5. What does Genghis Khan mean?Strong Ruler6. Why did he use terror to scare people into surrendering?Sometimes they would not even fight because of his reputation7. What were his warriors like?They were well trained and very loyal to Genghis Khan
30ObjectiveMongols, Genghis Khan and his sons, built an empire that stretched from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe.
31Essential Understanding For thousands of years, the horse was the most important form of Transportation in the world. How did the use their skills of horseback riding to build such a vast empire.
32The Mongol Empire Genghis Khan died in 1227 Empire was divided among his 4 sons
33The Mongol EmpireContinued to expand into eastern & Central Europe and southwest Asia.
341258 Baghdad falls to Mongol rule The Mongol Empire1258 Baghdad falls to Mongol rulePushed into Syria Palestine then into Egypt.
351260 They were finally stopped by the Muslim rulers of Egypt. The Mongol Empire1260 They were finally stopped by the Muslim rulers of Egypt.
36The Mongol Empire Unified land from the Pacific to eastern Europe Largest land empire the world has ever known
37The Mongol EmpireDespite War and destruction the Mongols brought peace and encourage trade.They taxed those who traded a grew wealthy
38The Mongol EmpireMongols respected those who they conquered, especially the advanced societies.Adopted customs and beliefs, religions, for example Islam and Turkish, Arab,& Persian Ways.
39The Mongols Empire The Chinese introduced the Mongols to GUNPOWDER And Fire Lances
40ObjectiveMongols, Genghis Khan and his sons, built an empire that stretched from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe.
41Q&A8. What happened in 1227 and why was the Empire divided into 4 sections?Genghis Khan Dies in 1227 and the Empire was divided among his 4 sons9. What city fell to Mongol rule in 1258?Baghdad10. What was unique about the Mongol Empire?It was the largest land empire the world has seenEven though they were quite destructive they brought peace, trade, and wealth to the Empire.They were are also respectful of the advanced societies the conquered and borrowed many useful11. What Chinese invention aided the Mongol wars of conquest efforts?Gunpowder and the Fire Lance.
42ObjectiveThe Mongols conquered China and created a new Dynasty that tried to conquer Japan and began trading with the rest of Asia.
43Essential Understanding What does it mean to be Tolerant? How did the Mongols use tolerance to rule China?
441260 the Mongols name Genghis’s Grandson, Kublai, the new KHAN. Mongol Rule in China1260 the Mongols name Genghis’s Grandson, Kublai, the new KHAN.
45Mongol Rule in China Kublai continued the Mongol conquest of China Moved the capital from Karakorum in Mongolia to Khanbaliq in northern ChinaToday Khanbaliq is Beijing
46Mongol Rule in China 1271 Kublai Khan becomes China’s next emperor Within 10 years they conquer southern China
47Mongol Rule in ChinaKublai Khan starts the Yuan Dynasty would last 100 years – 30 of those years are ruled by KublaiYuan means Beginning
48Kublai gives Mongol leaders top jobs in the Chinese government . Mongol Rule in ChinaKublai gives Mongol leaders top jobs in the Chinese government .But he knew he needed to let many of the top Chinese Scholars/leaders keep their jobs to allow the Chinese government to run.
49Mongol Rule in China How were the Mongols different from the Chinese? Mongols had their own Language, Laws, & customs.
50They did not mix with the Chinese People. Mongol Rule in ChinaThis kept them separate from Chinese society, Mongol Leaders were at the top of Chinese Society.They did not mix with the Chinese People.
51Q&A12. Who was Genghis Khan’s grandson? What country did he focus his conquest on?Kublai Khan & he conquered the rest of China13. What modern day city is located where Khanbaliq was located?Beijing the modern day capital of China14. Kublai started what Dynasty? How long did it last?Kublai Khan started the Yuan Dynasty and it lasted 100 years15. Who was given jobs in the Chinese government?Mongol leaders were given top jobs and many Chinese scholars/leaders were allowed to keep their positions in order to allow the government to run.
52Essential Understanding What does it mean to be Tolerant? How did the Mongols use tolerance to rule China?
53Mongols Rule in ChinaMongols were Buddhist and practiced religious tolerance and allowed other religions to practice in their empire. Christians, Muslims, & Hindus.
54Mongol Rule in ChinaThey brought wealth and power more than any other dynasty. Khanbaliq was known for Its…Wide Streets, Beautiful Palaces, and Fine Homes.
55Mongol Rule in ChinaMarco Polo – MARCO! – POLO! Travels to China . Kublai is fascinated by his stories and for 16 years Kublai sent Polo on Fact finding tripsOn his return to Europe he wrote a book on the wonders of China & it amazed Europeans.
56Mongols Rule in ChinaMongol Empire stretched from China to Europe. Increased trade with goods like silver, spices, carpets, cotton came from EuropeChina shipped out tea, silk, and porcelain and other Chinese discoveries like steel, gunpowder, & the compass.
57Conquered Vietnam to the South Mongol Rule in ChinaThey Looked to expand their empire conquering Korea, the Koryo remained in power but accepted Mongol Control.Conquered Vietnam to the South
58We will continue this conversation when we study Japan Mongol Rule in ChinaThey forced the Koreans to build warships that they would use on their Conquest of Japan.We will continue this conversation when we study Japan
59ObjectiveThe Mongols conquered China and created a new Dynasty that tried to conquer Japan and began trading with the rest of Asia.
60Q&A16. What religion do most Mongols practice and how did this effect their opinion of other religions?The Mongols were Buddhist and they allowed for religious tolerance of all religions with in the Empire.17. What European explorer did Kublai Khan befriend?Marco Polo18. Name some of the items traded on the silk road.Silver, spices, carpets, cotton, tea, silk, & porcelain19. What country did the Mongols take control of and what country did they focus their next and last attack on?The Mongols took control of Korea and made them build warships for their next and final conquest JAPAN.
61Lesson connection20.The Mongols had the largest land empire in the history of the world. Isn’t ironic that their conquest of Japan would cripple the empire.What does it mean to be Ironic? And why was this ironic?Write a short response to this question.