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The Mongols in China. Objective O Mongols, Genghis Khan and his sons, built an empire that stretched from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe.

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Presentation on theme: "The Mongols in China. Objective O Mongols, Genghis Khan and his sons, built an empire that stretched from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Mongols in China

2 Objective O Mongols, Genghis Khan and his sons, built an empire that stretched from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe.

3 Essential Understanding O For thousands of years, the horse was the most important form of Transportation in the world. How did the use their skills of horseback riding to build such a vast empire.

4 Mongols lived north of China

5 They were made up of Tribes. O Groups of related families, loosely joined together.

6 Mongols were Herders O Raised cattle, sheep, goats, and horses

7 The animals grazed in the STEPPES O Wide, rolling, grassy plains from the Black sea to Northern China

8 Nomads – People who have no permanent home O Mongols followed their herds and lived where they grazed. O These felt TENTS is what they will live in.

9 Horseback riding was a way of life for Mongolians O They learn to ride by the age of 4 and they practically live on the back of a horse.

10 Another Mongol skill was the ability to wage war O While on horseback they could fire arrows, throw spears, and wield swords.

11 They were ruthless warriors

12 Q&A O 1. What were the 2 things Mongolians were known for? O Horseback Riding O Waging war O 2. Where did the Mongolians have their herds of animals graze? O In the STEPPES or grassy plains of Mongolia and northern China. O 3.Mongolia is _______ China and _______ of Russia. NorthSouth

13 Objective O Mongols, Genghis Khan and his sons, built an empire that stretched from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe.

14 Essential Understanding O For thousands of years, the horse was the most important form of Transportation in the world. How did the use their skills of horseback riding to build such a vast empire.

15 Who was Genghis Khan? O The Man who will Unite the Mongols

16 His name was Temujin O Which meant “Blacksmith” O As a young man he began uniting the Mongol Tribes

17 1206 meeting of Mongol leaders in the Gobi desert O At the meeting Temujin was elected “Genghis Khan” means “Strong Ruler”

18 Genghis Brought new laws

19 Group of tribal chiefs to help him plan military campaigns O From the time he was elected to his death he fought to spread the empire beyond the borders of Mongolia

20 Genghis Khan’s Army O More than 100,000 men – warriors in well trained and loyal groups of men

21 Officers commanded the groups with in the Army O They were chosen by ability not by who their families were.

22 Mongols were the most skilled fight force in the world

23 Genghis 1 st conquered the people of the Steppes O These Victories brought wealth and new soldiers for the Army

24 Mongols became powerful O 1211 they invade China & in 3 years the control northern China

25 Attacked the cities along the Silk Road O Now he controls the silk Road

26 Genghis Khan and his warriors were known for their use of ??? O Terror – the use of violent actions to scare people into surrendering. O Warriors attacked, robbed, & burned cities

27 Reputation will precede them O Mongols became known for their fierce ways O People would surrendered without fighting

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29 Q&A O 4. What was Genghis Khan birth name? and what does it mean? O Temujin – means “Blacksmith” O 5. What does Genghis Khan mean? O Strong Ruler O 6. Why did he use terror to scare people into surrendering? O Sometimes they would not even fight because of his reputation O 7. What were his warriors like? O They were well trained and very loyal to Genghis Khan

30 Objective O Mongols, Genghis Khan and his sons, built an empire that stretched from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe.

31 Essential Understanding O For thousands of years, the horse was the most important form of Transportation in the world. How did the use their skills of horseback riding to build such a vast empire.

32 The Mongol Empire O Genghis Khan died in 1227 O Empire was divided among his 4 sons

33 The Mongol Empire O Continued to expand into eastern & Central Europe and southwest Asia.

34 The Mongol Empire O 1258 Baghdad falls to Mongol rule O Pushed into Syria Palestine then into Egypt.

35 The Mongol Empire O 1260 They were finally stopped by the Muslim rulers of Egypt.

36 The Mongol Empire O Unified land from the Pacific to eastern Europe O Largest land empire the world has ever known

37 The Mongol Empire O Despite War and destruction the Mongols brought peace and encourage trade. O They taxed those who traded a grew wealthy

38 The Mongol Empire O Mongols respected those who they conquered, especially the advanced societies. O Adopted customs and beliefs, religions, for example Islam and Turkish, Arab,& Persian Ways.

39 The Mongols Empire O The Chinese introduced the Mongols to GUNPOWDER O And Fire Lances

40 Objective O Mongols, Genghis Khan and his sons, built an empire that stretched from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe.

41 Q&A O 8. What happened in 1227 and why was the Empire divided into 4 sections? O Genghis Khan Dies in 1227 and the Empire was divided among his 4 sons O 9. What city fell to Mongol rule in 1258? O Baghdad O 10. What was unique about the Mongol Empire? O It was the largest land empire the world has seen O Even though they were quite destructive they brought peace, trade, and wealth to the Empire. O They were are also respectful of the advanced societies the conquered and borrowed many useful O 11. What Chinese invention aided the Mongol wars of conquest efforts? O Gunpowder and the Fire Lance.

42 Objective O The Mongols conquered China and created a new Dynasty that tried to conquer Japan and began trading with the rest of Asia.

43 Essential Understanding O What does it mean to be Tolerant? How did the Mongols use tolerance to rule China?

44 Mongol Rule in China O 1260 the Mongols name Genghis’s Grandson, Kublai, the new KHAN.

45 Mongol Rule in China O Kublai continued the Mongol conquest of China O Moved the capital from Karakorum in Mongolia to Khanbaliq in northern China O Today Khanbaliq is Beijing

46 Mongol Rule in China O 1271 Kublai Khan becomes China’s next emperor O Within 10 years they conquer southern China

47 Mongol Rule in China O Kublai Khan starts the Yuan Dynasty would last 100 years – 30 of those years are ruled by Kublai O Yuan means Beginning

48 Mongol Rule in China O Kublai gives Mongol leaders top jobs in the Chinese government. O But he knew he needed to let many of the top Chinese Scholars/leaders keep their jobs to allow the Chinese government to run.

49 Mongol Rule in China O How were the Mongols different from the Chinese? O Mongols had their own Language, Laws, & customs.

50 Mongol Rule in China O This kept them separate from Chinese society, Mongol Leaders were at the top of Chinese Society. O They did not mix with the Chinese People.

51 Q&A O 12. Who was Genghis Khan’s grandson? What country did he focus his conquest on? O Kublai Khan & he conquered the rest of China O 13. What modern day city is located where Khanbaliq was located? O Beijing the modern day capital of China O 14. Kublai started what Dynasty? How long did it last? O Kublai Khan started the Yuan Dynasty and it lasted 100 years O 15. Who was given jobs in the Chinese government? O Mongol leaders were given top jobs and many Chinese scholars/leaders were allowed to keep their positions in order to allow the government to run.

52 Essential Understanding O What does it mean to be Tolerant? How did the Mongols use tolerance to rule China?

53 Mongols Rule in China O Mongols were Buddhist and practiced religious tolerance and allowed other religions to practice in their empire. Christians, Muslims, & Hindus.

54 Mongol Rule in China O They brought wealth and power more than any other dynasty. Khanbaliq was known for Its… O Wide Streets, Beautiful Palaces, and Fine Homes.

55 Mongol Rule in China O Marco Polo – MARCO! – POLO! Travels to China. Kublai is fascinated by his stories and for 16 years Kublai sent Polo on Fact finding trips O On his return to Europe he wrote a book on the wonders of China & it amazed Europeans.

56 Mongols Rule in China O Mongol Empire stretched from China to Europe. Increased trade with goods like silver, spices, carpets, cotton came from Europe O China shipped out tea, silk, and porcelain and other Chinese discoveries like steel, gunpowder, & the compass.

57 Mongol Rule in China O They Looked to expand their empire conquering Korea, the Koryo remained in power but accepted Mongol Control. O Conquered Vietnam to the South

58 Mongol Rule in China O They forced the Koreans to build warships that they would use on their Conquest of Japan. O We will continue this conversation when we study Japan

59 Objective O The Mongols conquered China and created a new Dynasty that tried to conquer Japan and began trading with the rest of Asia.

60 Q&A O 16. What religion do most Mongols practice and how did this effect their opinion of other religions? O The Mongols were Buddhist and they allowed for religious tolerance of all religions with in the Empire. O 17. What European explorer did Kublai Khan befriend? O Marco Polo O 18. Name some of the items traded on the silk road. O Silver, spices, carpets, cotton, tea, silk, & porcelain O 19. What country did the Mongols take control of and what country did they focus their next and last attack on? O The Mongols took control of Korea and made them build warships for their next and final conquest JAPAN.

61 Lesson connection O 20.The Mongols had the largest land empire in the history of the world. Isn’t ironic that their conquest of Japan would cripple the empire. O What does it mean to be Ironic? And why was this ironic? O Write a short response to this question.


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