The Northern Campaign (chapter 11) Joint Coalition of FORCES against Israel. – Jabin – King of Hazor – Joab – King of Madon – Kings of Shimron and Achasaph – Kings of the Northern Hill Country – Kings in the Arabah south of Chinneroth – Kings in Haphoth-dor – Canaanites, Amorites, Hittes, Perizzites, Jebusites, and Hivites
They joined forces at the waters of Merom (11.4)
God’s Word to Joshua (11.6) Don’t be afraid! Tomorrow I will give over all them, slain to Israel You shall hamstring their horses and burn their chariots with fire. Despite the overwhelming numbers, Joshua would be given VICTORY over them with a 24- hour period. Hamstring = cut the tendons on the hind legs so that could never bear or pull a load
Israel chased them as far as the Great Sidon and Misrephoth-maim, and eastward as far as the Valley of Mizpeh (11.7)
And Joshua captured Hazor and struck its king with a sword…and burned Hazor with fire. And all the cities of those kings, and all their kings, Joshua captured, and struck with the edge of the sword
HAZOR Due to its size, fortifications, and strategic location on the main north-south route from the Jezerel Valley to the Beqa Valley in Lebanon. Hazor was considered a city of great significance
18 Joshua made war a long time with all those kings. 19 There was not a city that made peace with the people of Israel except the Hivites, the inhabitants of Gibeon. They took them all in battle. 20 For it was the L ORD 's doing to harden their hearts that they should come against Israel in battle, in order that they should be devoted to destruction and should receive no mercy but be destroyed, just as the L ORD commanded Moses.
Why Does God Do This? Why does he like he did with Pharaoh HARDEN their hearts? Why does he choose to show them no MERCY? What about God’s character do we have to take into account when asking these questions? What can God also do with a heart?
23 So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the L ORD had spoken to Moses. And Joshua gave it for an inheritance to Israel according to their tribal allotments. And the land had rest from war.
Kings Defeated by Moses (12:1 – 6) First we recap the kings defeated by Moses and Israel before they CROSSED the Jordan. Two kings were defeated Sihon king of the Amorites and Ok king of Bashan. Moses gave the land of the defeated kings to… – The Reubenites – The Gadites – The Half-Tribe of Manasseh
Kings Defeated by Joshua Next we recap the kings defeated by Joshua and Israel after they crossed the Jordan Joshua’s forces defeated a total of 31 kings throughout the promised land. Joshua was once a slave in Egypt, but now becomes a conqueror of all these kings! It is because the LORD is with him. This same LORD promises to be with you and will strengthen you to all that would enslave you.
Land Still to Be Conquered “Joshua was old”= Joshua was 40 or older at the time of the spying episode (Numbers 13:2 – 16); He served 40 more years at Moses’ side It is now 7 year after crossing the Jordan. So Joshua is now 87 years or older. Many parts of the Promised Land till remained occupied or controlled by non-Israelites. Judges 1-3 will somewhat explain why God does this.
Remaining Areas (13:1 – 7) … The Philistines (five tribal rulers) The Geshurites (from Shiho to Ekron) The Avvim (south land of Caanan) Mearah (belong to the Sidons) The Gebalities All of Lebanon and her hill country All the Sidonians Yahweh says “I myself will drive them out”