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Native Americans in South Carolina

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Presentation on theme: "Native Americans in South Carolina"— Presentation transcript:

1 Native Americans in South Carolina
3-2.1: Compare the culture, governance, and physical environment of the major Native American tribal groups of South Carolina, including the Cherokee, Catawba, and Yemassee.

2 Vocabulary Dugout canoes: a type of boat that was made by softening the inside wood of a tree and hollowing it out. In essence, they “dug out” the wood for the canoe.

3 Vocabulary Longhouses: homes that were made for the spring and summer months. Was spread out so the N/A could stay cool.

4 Vocabulary Wattle and Daub: homes that were made for the fall and winter months. It was smaller and sealed with mud.

5 Vocabulary Wigwams: Sometimes they are known as birchbark houses. Wigwams are small houses, usually 8-10 feet tall.

6 Vocabulary Pots, dishes, and other articles made of earthenware or baked clay.

7 Vocabulary Encroach: to gradually intrude on someone’s rights or possessions.

8 Where are the Native American Tribes Located?

9 Cherokee Culture Villages were loosely united with each other
Travelled from village to village in their large dugout canoes. Were hunters / gatherers / farmers / and fishers Thought of themselves as the “Real People” and were very powerful Lived in longhouses during the summer and wattle and daub houses in the winter.

10 Cherokee Government Villages were run by a council of both men and women Different parts of the council made the decisions The leaders were elected There was a form of a constitution Women had a part in the government; they decided if the tribe went to war

11 Cherokee Location Lived in the mountains of the Blue Ridge and western hills of the Piedmont Settled near rivers The Cherokee had a well traveled trading path that lead from the mountains to the Atlantic Ocean because they were traders

12 Cherokee Physical Environment
Now that you know where the Cherokee people lived, describe their physical environment. ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________

13 Catawba Culture Farming – Corn, beans, and squash
Fishing – Variety of freshwater fish Hunting – Deer, other game The Catawba traveled the rivers in dugout canoes and were known as “River People.” They were famous for their pottery and were more peaceful than many Native Americans of that time in South Carolina. Hernando de Soto, the Spanish explorer, made first contact with the Catawba in When Europeans began settling in the Carolina Piedmont, the Catawba remained friendly Lived in wigwams.

14 Catawba Government Were governed by councils
Women also participated in the running of their tribe’s government The people were elected into power

15 Catawba Location The Catawba lived off the land of the Piedmont.
They were powerful in their part of the state, near where Rock Hill is today. Most Catawba people still live in South Carolina today, although others were forced to move to Oklahoma along with the Cherokees in the 1800's.

16 Catawba Physical Environment
Now that you know where the Catawba people lived, describe their physical environment. _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ Catawba Physical Environment

17 Yemassee Culture They lived in wigwams close to the coast in the summer. They moved inland into wattle and daub houses along the rivers during the winter. The Yemassee hunted / fished / and gathered clams and oysters.

18 Yemassee Government No mention of the government is made!
What do you think it could be like? Why?

19 Yemassee Location The Yemassee lived in the coastal zone on the southern coast of South Carolina near the Georgia border.

20 Yemassee Physical Environment
Now that you know where the Catawba people lived, describe their physical environment. _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________

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