Presentation on theme: "Native Americans in South Carolina"— Presentation transcript:
1 Native Americans in South Carolina 3-2.1: Compare the culture, governance, and physical environment of the major Native American tribal groups of South Carolina, including the Cherokee, Catawba, and Yemassee.
2 VocabularyDugout canoes: a type of boat that was made by softening the inside wood of a tree and hollowing it out. In essence, they “dug out” the wood for the canoe.
3 VocabularyLonghouses: homes that were made for the spring and summer months. Was spread out so the N/A could stay cool.
4 VocabularyWattle and Daub: homes that were made for the fall and winter months. It was smaller and sealed with mud.
5 VocabularyWigwams: Sometimes they are known as birchbark houses. Wigwams are small houses, usually 8-10 feet tall.
6 VocabularyPots, dishes, and other articles made of earthenware or baked clay.
7 VocabularyEncroach: to gradually intrude on someone’s rights or possessions.
9 Cherokee Culture Villages were loosely united with each other Travelled from village to village in their large dugout canoes.Were hunters / gatherers / farmers / and fishersThought of themselves as the “Real People” and were very powerfulLived in longhouses during the summer and wattle and daub houses in the winter.
10 Cherokee GovernmentVillages were run by a council of both men and womenDifferent parts of the council made the decisionsThe leaders were electedThere was a form of a constitutionWomen had a part in the government; they decided if the tribe went to war
11 Cherokee LocationLived in the mountains of the Blue Ridge and western hills of the PiedmontSettled near riversThe Cherokee had a well traveled trading path that lead from the mountains to the Atlantic Ocean because they were traders
12 Cherokee Physical Environment Now that you know where the Cherokee people lived, describe their physical environment.___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________
13 Catawba Culture Farming – Corn, beans, and squash Fishing – Variety of freshwater fishHunting – Deer, other gameThe Catawba traveled the rivers in dugout canoes and were known as “River People.”They were famous for their pottery and were more peaceful than many Native Americans of that time in South Carolina.Hernando de Soto, the Spanish explorer, made first contact with the Catawba in When Europeans began settling in the Carolina Piedmont, the Catawba remained friendlyLived in wigwams.
14 Catawba Government Were governed by councils Women also participated in the running of their tribe’s governmentThe people were elected into power
15 Catawba Location The Catawba lived off the land of the Piedmont. They were powerful in their part of the state, near where Rock Hill is today.Most Catawba people still live in South Carolina today, although others were forced to move to Oklahoma along with the Cherokees in the 1800's.
16 Catawba Physical Environment Now that you know where the Catawba people lived, describe their physical environment._________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________Catawba Physical Environment
17 Yemassee CultureThey lived in wigwams close to the coast in the summer.They moved inland into wattle and daub houses along the rivers during the winter.The Yemassee hunted / fished / and gathered clams and oysters.
18 Yemassee Government No mention of the government is made! What do you think it could be like? Why?
19 Yemassee LocationThe Yemassee lived in the coastal zone on the southern coast of South Carolina near the Georgia border.
20 Yemassee Physical Environment Now that you know where the Catawba people lived, describe their physical environment._________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________