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The Menominee Native Americans A diverse culture with a rich history Michelle Smith EDU 210.

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Presentation on theme: "The Menominee Native Americans A diverse culture with a rich history Michelle Smith EDU 210."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Menominee Native Americans A diverse culture with a rich history Michelle Smith EDU 210

2 History

3 history  Oldest continuous residents of Wisconsin  At the start of the treaty era, in the early 1800’s, the Menominee tribe occupied a land base of an estimated 10 million acres.

4 Brief timeline  1634: Jean Nicolet, French made contact with the Menominee  1775: Some fought against the American in the Revolutionary War  1812: War of 1812, Some fought against the Americans  1854: gave up lands except for a reservation on Wolf River in north-central Wisconsin  1954 -1973: federal status Terminated  Two part plan  1961: Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin was terminated, Tribal membership 3,270 Tribal land (Acres) 233,881  1972: Menomiee Restoration Act restored tribe

5 Treaties  1817 March 30, at St. Louis, with the Chippewa 1817  1825 August 19, at Prairie du Chien, with the Sioux, Etc., 1825  1827 August 11, at Butte des Morts 1827  1831 February 8, at Washington 1831  1831 February 17, at Washington 1831  1832 October 27, 1832  1836 September 3, at Cedar Point 1836  1848 October 18, at Lake Powawhaykonnay 1848  1854 May 12, at Falls of Wolf River 1854  1856 February 11, at Keshena 1856

6 Spirituality

7 Spiritual beliefs  Believed that children and elders were closest to the spirits  If a baby was unhappy, a special healer would find out why. Often it was thought that a certain ancestor spirit has been reborn in the baby and wanted the baby’s name changed. Therefore, a naming ceremony was held to give that child that ancestor’s name.

8 Creation Story

9 Night and day

10 The Afterlife

11 Culture

12  Algonquin speaking nation  Menominee refer to themselves as mameqtaw meaning “the people”  Other indian tribes call them menominee, derived from manomin- an algonkian word for wile rice as it is a staple food for the tribe. (  French called them “the nation of wild oats”

13 Culture  Lived by hunting, fishing and gathering  Wild rice= staple food  Augmented by corn, beans and squash  Some food was dried in the sun to save for the winter  Boiling and roasting were common cooking methods  Maple sugar and syrup were commonly used as sweeteners and flavorings

14 Geography  Once occupied over 10 million acres of land which is now central and mid- eastern Wisconsin

15 Culture- Clans  Clans  Bear  Eagle  Moose  Crane  Wolf (Facts and figures 2004)

16 Bear Clan  Speakers and keeper of the law

17 Eagle/Thunder Clan  Freedom and justice

18 Moose Clan  community or individual security

19 Crane Clan  Crane Clan: architecture, construction and art

20 Wolf Clan  Hunting and gathering

21 Current location  Current location:  Current Menominee indian reservation is located about 45 miles northwest of Green Bay.  The reservation is 235,523 acres and countains roughly 223,500 acres of heavily forested lands

22 Affects on the tribes social and economic conditions today  Today Menominee are on their way to economic progress  Multi-million dollar organization  Provides employment to its people along with services such as a clinic, police protection, and a Tribal school

23 Comparison lgonquian and Great Lake Tribeslgonquian and Great Lake Tribessuch as Ojibway (35,000), Delaware (8,000), Powhatan (9,000) Massachuse t (13,600), and Cree (17,000) Northeastwigwams wore little clothing except in winter - made from animal skins huntersgathe rers trappers planters pow wowssnows nake Birchbark baskets and canoestraps birchbark boxeswampu m dream catchers Pocahontas (1585?-1622) PowhatanPontiac (1720?-1769) Ottawa Tecumseh (1765?- 1813) Shawnee Black Hawk (1767- 1838) Sauk Squanto (1585?- 1622) Patuxet Iroquois Tribes such as Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora (Total 5,000)roquois Tribes Northeastlong house mostly buckskin (skin of deer) hunters planters gatherers tradersThree Sisters (corn, squash, & beans) formed Confederacy many festivals canoes snowshoes False Face Society wooden masks

24 Significance

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