Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Menominee Native Americans

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Menominee Native Americans"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Menominee Native Americans
A diverse culture with a rich history Michelle Smith EDU 210

2 History

3 history Oldest continuous residents of Wisconsin
At the start of the treaty era, in the early 1800’s, the Menominee tribe occupied a land base of an estimated 10 million acres.

4 Brief timeline 1634: Jean Nicolet, French made contact with the Menominee 1775: Some fought against the American in the Revolutionary War 1812: War of 1812, Some fought against the Americans 1854: gave up lands except for a reservation on Wolf River in north-central Wisconsin : federal status Terminated Two part plan 1961: Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin was terminated, Tribal membership 3,270 Tribal land (Acres) 233,881 1972: Menomiee Restoration Act restored tribe

5 Treaties 1817 March 30, at St. Louis, with the Chippewa
1825 August 19, at Prairie du Chien, with the Sioux, Etc., 1827 August 11, at Butte des Morts 1831 February 8, at Washington 1831 February 17, at Washington 1832 October 27, 1836 September 3, at Cedar Point 1848 October 18, at Lake Powawhaykonnay 1854 May 12, at Falls of Wolf River 1856 February 11, at Keshena

6 Spirituality

7 Spiritual beliefs Believed that children and elders were closest to the spirits If a baby was unhappy, a special healer would find out why. Often it was thought that a certain ancestor spirit has been reborn in the baby and wanted the baby’s name changed. Therefore, a naming ceremony was held to give that child that ancestor’s name.

8 Creation Story

9 Night and day

10 The Afterlife

11 Culture

12 Culture Algonquin speaking nation
Menominee refer to themselves as mameqtaw meaning “the people” Other indian tribes call them menominee, derived from manomin- an algonkian word for wile rice as it is a staple food for the tribe. ( French called them “the nation of wild oats”

13 Culture Lived by hunting, fishing and gathering Wild rice= staple food
Augmented by corn, beans and squash Some food was dried in the sun to save for the winter Boiling and roasting were common cooking methods Maple sugar and syrup were commonly used as sweeteners and flavorings

14 Geography Once occupied over 10 million acres of land which is now central and mid-eastern Wisconsin

15 Culture- Clans Clans Bear Eagle Moose Crane Wolf
(Facts and figures 2004)

16 Bear Clan Speakers and keeper of the law

17 Eagle/Thunder Clan Freedom and justice

18 Moose Clan community or individual security

19 Crane Clan Crane Clan: architecture, construction and art

20 Wolf Clan Hunting and gathering

21 Current location Current location:
Current Menominee indian reservation is located about 45 miles northwest of Green Bay. The reservation is 235,523 acres and countains roughly 223,500 acres of heavily forested lands

22 Affects on the tribes social and economic conditions today
Today Menominee are on their way to economic progress Multi-million dollar organization Provides employment to its people along with services such as a clinic, police protection, and a Tribal school

23 Comparison lgonquian and Great Lake Tribessuch as  Ojibway (35,000), Delaware (8,000), Powhatan (9,000) Massachuset (13,600), and Cree (17,000) Northeast wigwams wore little clothing except in winter - made from animal skins huntersgatherers trappers planters pow wowssnowsnake Birchbark baskets and canoestraps birchbark boxeswampum dream catchers Pocahontas (1585?-1622) PowhatanPontiac (1720?-1769) Ottawa Tecumseh (1765?-1813) Shawnee Black Hawk ( ) Sauk Squanto (1585?-1622) Patuxet Iroquois Tribes such as Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora (Total 5,000) long house mostly buckskin (skin of deer) hunters planters gatherers tradersThree Sisters (corn, squash, & beans) formed Confederacymany festivals canoes snowshoes False Face  Society wooden masks

24 Significance

Download ppt "The Menominee Native Americans"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google