2 Who are the Pashtuns?The Pashtuns are the dominant ethnic group in Afghanistan, accounting for a little over half the populationThey speak PashtuThey are usually Sunni Muslims (Pashtuns of Afghanistan)The Pashtuns have the most political power in AfghanistanPashtuns are primarily located to the east and south and are organized into tribes (Ethnic Groups in Afghanistan)
3 Map of the location of Pashtuns in Afghanistan As you can see, Pashtuns are densely located in the South Eastern parts of Afghanistan"Pashtun Ethnic Map." Map. US Policy in a Big World. WordPress, n.d. Web. 16 Oct <http://www.uspolicyinabigworld.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/Pashtun-Ethnic-Map3.jpg>.
4 Pashtun CulturePashtuns base their morals off of a code called “Pushtunwali”The “Pushtunwali” contains values associated with honor, solidarity, hospitality, mutual support, shame and revenge which determines social orderProtecting your honor is mandatory for every Pashtun (Ethnic Groups in Afghanistan)
5 Roles of PashtunsPashtuns can often be farmers and shepherds(Ethnic Groups in Afghanistan)Many Pashtuns hold government positions as wellThey have been the dominant force in politics in Afghanistan since the foundation of the Taliban government in 1996Women have limited roles(Pashtuns in Afghanistan)
6 Clothing and appearance of Pashtuns Pashtuns are typically light skinned and have high cheek bonesMost Pashtuns wear a knee length skirt over baggy pantsUnmarried women wear cotton shirts with red pants, while married women wear cotton shirts with blue pantsThey wear turbans with one end hanging over the shoulder(unique to the Pashtuns) (Pashtuns In Afghanistan)
7 This is a Pashtun man. Notice how the one end of the turban is hanging over his shoulder. N.d. Photograph. WordPress. Web. 16 Oct <http://cdn.criticalppp.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/Nawaz-Sharif-with-Turban-457x600.jpg>.
8 Pashtun Tribes The Pashtuns are made up of many subunits They are split up in to two main tribes, the Durrani and the GhilzaiThe Durrani is located in the south of AfghanistanThe Ghilzai is located to the north of the Durrani, near the Pakistan borderThe Durrani and the Ghilzai each have their own subtribes(Pashtuns in Afghanistan)
9 Durrani and Ghilzai subtribes Durrani subtribes: Achakzai, Alizai, Barakzai, Mohammadzai, and PopalzaiGhilzai subtribes: Ahmadzai, Kharruti, Hotaki, Wardak, Jaji, and JadranThere are some other little tribes Afghanistan including the Tani, Mangal, Khugiani, Safi, Mohmand, Afridi, Khatak, Orakzai, Waziri, Mahsud, Chamkani, and the Shinwari, and more(Pashtuns in Afghanistan)
10 Map of the tribes and their subtribes in Afghanistan As you can see, the Durrani and it subtribes are located in the south of Afghanistan. The Ghilzai and its subtribes are north of the Durrani near the border of Pakistan."Pashtun Tribal Map." Map. University of West Flordia. UWF, n.d. Web. 17 Oct
11 Works Cited"AllRefer.com - Afghanistan - Ethnic Groups in Afghanistan - Afghanistan Pashtun | Afghan Information Resource." AllRefer.com - Afghanistan - Ethnic Groups in Afghanistan - Afghanistan Pashtun | Afghan Information Resource. AllRefer, n.d. Web. 15 OctN.d. Photograph. WordPress. Web. 16 Oct"Pashtun Ethnic Map." Map. US Policy in a Big World. WordPress, n.d. Web. 16 Oct"Pashtuns in Afghanistan." Public Intelligence. Public Intelligence, n.d. Web. 16 Oct"Pashtuns of Afghanistan." Pashtuns of Afghanistan. WebMedia INteractive, n.d. Web. 14 Oct"Pashtun Tribal Map." Map. University of West Flordia. UWF, n.d. Web. 17 Oct