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The Romans in Britain Jachym Fanta.

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1 The Romans in Britain Jachym Fanta

2 Times before the Romans
The Celts Not unified, divided into tribes fighting each other More natural or native civilization (X Romans - very technical civilization)

3 Roman Invasion 55 BC – Julius Caesar first invaded Britain – to teach the Britons a lesson - the Celts supported the Gauls landed on the coast of Kent, demonstrated his strength and returned to Gaul (France) 54 BC – came back with more soldiers (cavalery) Pax romana x no conquest

4 Roman Invasion 43 AD – Emperor Claudius invaded Britain
this time the Romans came to stay Celts – fierce fighting – till they were captured Celts - friendly relations with the Romans (kept their kingdoms)

5 Roman Invasion 47 AD – legions in SW (Cornwall), West (Wales), North (Humber river) Constructing a system of military roads Londinium was founded 60 AD – borders had been pushed further

6 Roman Invasion 61 AD queen Boudicca launched an uprising
almost managed to dislodge the Romans was defeated and killed 77 AD Agricola became an imperial governor he succeeded in conquering the Welsh tribes Roman conquest of Britain was complete except for Caledonia (Scotland) he dreamt about conquering Ireland, but that never happened

7 Roman Invasion 122 AD – Roman Emperor Hadrian built Hadrian‘s Wall – between Roman Britain and Scotland 6 years to build it, 117 km long, forts it was built as a defence from the Scottish Barbarians 142 AD – the Romans started to build Antonine’s Wall (Hadrian‘s successor Antoninus Pius) further in the north, but later abandoned

8 Picture of hadrian’s wall

9 Roman Invasion Britannia = England + Wales
the Celts adapted to Roman customs they lived in villas, spoke Latin the tribal centres developed into Roman towns 216 AD Britain divided into two provinces - Britannia Superior (SW) and Britannia Inferior (N)

10 Romans Decline around 300 AD – the attack of the barbarian hordes to the Roman Empire in central Europe some troops withdrawn to help attacks in the Nothern Britain from Scots, Irish and Picts 409 AD – last Roman soldiers pulled out Romanised Celts left alone Gaul in the hands of barbarian rulers in the 5th century – no return of Romans to Britain

11 The Roman Influence Roads – straight, important for Roman army
Buildings: timber and daub – little evidence nowadays stone, brick and tile Wealthy citizens: in the city – domus in the countryside – villas Lower class: flats – called insulae New animals and plants (chickens, chestnut trees)

12 Influences Towns: the Forum – a market place, businesses and government offices, temples public baths, still in the city of Bath in Sommerset running water and sewers, aqueducts mosaics, pipes with water, central heating under the floors in houses of rich people the biggest – London, Colchester, St. Albans latin word for camp – castra, chester in old English – once a Roman town (Doncaster, Dorchester, Cirencester)

13 Influences Language – many words are based on Latin words, our alphabet is based on Latin alphabet The Calendar – started by Julius Caesar, names of our months taken from the names of Roman gods and rulers Law and legal system Literacy Political unity

14 ...and now for something completely different
Roman dominion By monty python ...and now for something completely different


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