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Tribal economic system: the native americans of Confederated Tribes of Umatilla Indian Reservation (Oregon - USA)

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Presentation on theme: "Tribal economic system: the native americans of Confederated Tribes of Umatilla Indian Reservation (Oregon - USA)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Tribal economic system: the native americans of Confederated Tribes of Umatilla Indian Reservation (Oregon - USA)

2 Salient features of Tribal Economy ‘Total’ (tribal) vs. ‘Complex’ (modern): the all- pervasive magico-religious phenomenon ‘Face-to-face’ community: traditional norms, social control Tribal ownership: in-alienablity of the natural resources Tribal exchange: role and status, reciprocity, barter, gift and ceremonial exchanges Tribal authority: traditional legitimacy, gerontocracy Transition to modernity

3 HABITAT: a quick view

4 HABITAT: selected information  172 acres between North-East Oregon, South-East Washington and West Idaho  Climate: continental cold-temperate  Two river basins: Columbia River and Snake River  Landscape: hilly and mountainous  Rich vegetation (flora and fauna diversity)  Moderate infrastructure

5 COMMUNITY: a quick view

6 COMMUNITY: selected information  Population: 2,927 (2000)  Male: 48,3%Female: 51,7%  Median age: 35,2  Population growth rate (1990 – 2000) : 17%  Number of householders: 1,013  Age composition (on total population, 2000) 0 – 21 years: 42% 22 – 64 years:52% 65 and older:6%

7 BUSINESS: a quick view Fishery TourismCommercial activities, light industries Gambling

8 BUSINESS: selected information  In labor force population (2000) : 64.8%  Unemployed population (2000) : 4,7%  Less than $10.000 income households (1999) : 12,1%  Median household income: $37,827  Poverty status families (1999) : 12%  Poverty status individuals (1999) : 15.8%

9 INSTITUTIONS: selected information Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation is a union of three tribes: Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla. Decision on: health and human services, natural resources, economic and community development, tribal services, education, fire protection and police.  Regional Government: Umatilla County  Some actors in the region: Fish and Wildlife Commission (land-use policy and management) Old Celilo Fish Committee (inter-tribal association for fish resources management) Columbia River Inter Tribal Fish Commission (

10 ETHOS: a quick view Indian tipical tent Traditional clothing Drums session

11 ETHOS: selected information  Historical inhabitants of the Columbia River system  Many events held at the Tribal Longhouse are ceremonies that often involve elements of traditional religion. Examples include Root Feast, funerals, weddings, and namings.  Cultural traits music: many religious songs honoring births, deaths and the changing of the seasons gastronomy: salmon, kowsh (couse root), berries craft: utensils, clothing and tools mainly made from wood, stone and bone

12 Marginal economy: the nomadic herders of the extreme lands (Olziit soum, Arkhangai aimag, Mongolia)

13 HABITAT: a quick view

14 HABITAT: selected information Total area surface: 172000 hectares Mountains: Bayanbaishir, Norjinchamba, Bayanhairhan, Dulaanhairhan, Tahilt Rivers: the biggest river of the soum is the Orkhon river; there are some other smaller river, in particular the Bodont and the Kharkhiraa river; Wild animals: deer, wild boar, antelopes, siberian ibex, wild sheep, marmot, sable, wolf, polar fox, fox and squirrel; wild cat; dorgo; fish Forest: the main forest are situated in the north and northwest of the soum area and they are made of mainly birches and larches. Mineral: the soum doesn’t have any mining sites, but the ground has trace of plumbum; stones and sand are utilized as building materials.

15 COMMUNITY: a quick view

16 COMMUNITY: selected information Population, 2009 Natural movement of population, 2009 Major health related problems The main human diseases and mortality are related to: heart and blood circulation system (high blood pressure); kidneys and liver; digestive system; apoplexy and nervous system disease.

17 BUSINESS: a quick view Farming Handicraft and woolCommerce and services

18 BUSINESS: selected information  In labor force population (2009) : 49,4%  Employed population in primary sector (200) : 82,1%  Employed population in secondary sector (200) : 0,1%  Employed population in tertiary sector (200) : 17,1% Employed by age group, 2009

19 INSTITUTIONS: selected information Mongolia is divided in: - Province (Aimags) plus capital city (Ulaanbaatar) with provincial status - Districts (Sums) - Clusters of households (Bags)

20 ETHOS: a quick view Ancient stone Herder Monastic temple

21 ETHOS: selected information Historically, the people (uuld) in Ulziit soum are originated from the Western Mongolia. Offically, the Ulziit Soum, Arkhangai aimag, established in 1931, with 512 households in 7 bags. Main cultural resources Ancient traditions reminiscence of the Bronze Age (i.e. Deer stone) 4 monuments of Turkish empires. Two old Buddhist temples, built in 1843. Ethnicity: 99% of Oold, 1% of of Khalh Religious tradition: Buddhist

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