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May 26, 2010 Albuquerque, NM.  Increased illicit use of prescription drugs  One trend more frequently identified by law enforcement agencies, and supported.

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Presentation on theme: "May 26, 2010 Albuquerque, NM.  Increased illicit use of prescription drugs  One trend more frequently identified by law enforcement agencies, and supported."— Presentation transcript:

1 May 26, 2010 Albuquerque, NM

2  Increased illicit use of prescription drugs  One trend more frequently identified by law enforcement agencies, and supported by epidemiological data. Herman Silva

3  Law enforcement agencies are seeing an increase in prescription fraud for opioid painkillers.  Following are the most prominent drug problems and trends, as identified by each MJTF in New Mexico: Herman Silva

4 Region I Region II Region III Region IV Region V Region VI Region VII Region I Region II Region III Region IV Region V Region VI Region VII Herman Silva

5  Seem to be moving to cocaine and marijuana, with more large outdoor grows  Methamphetamine, and more mobile “shake and bake” meth labs Herman Silva

6  Much of the Navajo Nation and reservation land has minimal law enforcement presence  NM Region II Task Force investigates drug-related crimes in the county and the portion of the Navajo Nation within the county. ◦ Primarily drug use, domestic violence, and youth issues.  The Task Force collaborates with other agencies to develop trend analyses and correlate community concerns with drug trafficking and substance abuse issues. Herman Silva

7  Methamphetamine largest problem in San Juan County.  A great percentage of violent crime, gang violence, and property crime is attributed to meth sales and use.  Gang violence is a big concern  local DTOs are using gang members for sales and protection. Herman Silva

8  Methamphetamine and crack pose the largest problems.  Corresponding rise in crime.  Meth and crack are easily obtained  Many individuals make their own crack, which has increased the flow of cocaine Herman Silva

9  Methamphetamine continues to be the most widely abused and distributed drug in Region VI  Seeing an increase in prescription drug fraud and diversion Herman Silva

10  The problem is more serious in Chaves County  drug abuse and drug trafficking are cited as the primary cause for both violent and nonviolent crimes.  The Task Force overtly pressures drug houses, forcing dealers to change methods, and relocate.  The TF works to prosecute convicted felons with firearms.  Both of these tactics have resulted in a visible improvement in the quality of life in the area. Herman Silva

11  The biggest drug concerns vary in the Region  Silver City Police identified meth, followed by marijuana, as significant threats to the community.  Socorro reports heroin is the largest problem, followed by meth and crack cocaine.  Las Cruces-State Police Office cites cocaine, marijuana, and meth as the greatest problems Herman Silva

12  Gang-related violence has been reported in and around the community of Anthony  Many of these individuals are also involved in drug trafficking.  The Immigration and Customs Office reports that 15-20% of illegal deportable convicted felons use a previous home address in Anthony, NM. Herman Silva

13  Drug and gang problems are also present in Deming, Anthony, Sunland Park, Las Cruces, and Silver City  Two known gangs involved in drug trafficking and traditional-gang related criminal activity. Herman Silva

14  State Police focus on IMPACT operations, which generally address quality of life issues, including violent crimes, narcotics, property crimes, and outstanding warrants  In the previous fiscal year, NMSP conducted 202 intelligence-led IMPACT operations throughout the State. Herman Silva

15  Established to locate and capture outstanding violent crime and narcotics-related fugitives across the State.  Bernalillo, Doña Ana, Santa Fe, and San Juan Counties alone have thousands of outstanding felony warrants. Herman Silva

16  SWIFT members have seen a distinct overlap in violent crime, gang activity, and drug trafficking in New Mexico  A large percentage of repeat offenders are involved in these activities.  SWIFT initiated 1,388 felony arrests, conducted 33 multi-agency fugitive roundups, and conducted the first roundup in their new partnership with San Juan County in FY Herman Silva

17  New Mexico’s violent crime rate was 30% higher than that of the U.S.  The murder rate in New Mexico is 25% higher than the U.S.  The aggravated assault rate is 58% higher than the rate for the nation. Herman Silva

18  In the period from , ages 12-17, New Mexico reports the highest usage, with rates 17% higher than the national rate.  For the same age group, New Mexico saw a 5% increase from the first reporting period to the second. Herman Silva

19  Usage rates in the group increased 14% in New Mexico from to  An increase surpassed only by Arizona, while all other compared areas experienced decreases in use. Herman Silva

20  In and , ages 12-17, New Mexico reports the highest rates of marijuana use.  Usage in New Mexico increased 11% from the first period to the second.  With the exception of Colorado, all other states in the nation saw reductions between these periods. Herman Silva

21  From , New Mexico’s rate of use was 13% higher than the national rate  from , it was 24% higher than the national rate. Herman Silva

22 Drug-Induced Death Rates New Mexico and U.S., * Data Sources: US: CDC Wonder; NM: Vital Records and Health Statistics, NMDOH Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. * data are preliminary Herman Silva

23 Note: Groups are not mutually exclusive Data Source: The New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. n=4,063 Unintentional Overdose Death Rates by Type of Drug: New Mexico Herman Silva

24 Note: Groups are mutually exclusive Data Source: The New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. n=4,063 Unintentional Overdose Death Rates by Type of Drug: New Mexico Herman Silva

25 Note: Specific drugs are not mutually exclusive Data Source: The New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. Unintentional Drug-Specific Overdose Death Rates: New Mexico n=4,063 Herman Silva

26 Data Source: The New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. Unintentional Overdose Death Rates by Race/Sex Strata, New Mexico, Herman Silva

27 Data Source: The New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. Unintentional Overdose Death Rates by the Most Common Drug Type Combinations New Mexico, Herman Silva

28 Note: Specific drugs are not mutually exclusive Data Source: The New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. Unintentional Rx Opioid Poisoning Death Rates by Schedule New Mexico, Herman Silva

29 Data Source: The New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. Unintentional Prescription Opioid Overdose Death Rates by Race/Sex Strata New Mexico, Herman Silva

30 Data Source: The New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. Unintentional Heroin Overdose Death Rates by Race/Sex Strata New Mexico, Herman Silva

31 Note: Specific drugs are not mutually exclusive Data Source: The New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. Unintentional Overdose Death Rates by Types of Illicit Drugs Causing Death: New Mexico and Regions, Deaths per 100,000 persons Herman Silva

32 Note: Specific drugs are not mutually exclusive Data Source: The New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population. Unintentional Overdose Death Rates by Types of Prescription Drugs Causing Death: New Mexico and Regions, Deaths per 100,000 persons Herman Silva

33 Source: Behavioral Health Services Division, NM Human Services Department, as of May 2009 n=10,878 Primary Substance of Abuse at Treatment Admission: New Mexico, 2008 Herman Silva

34 * ME data were multiplied by 10 in order to compare with treatment admissions Data Sources: Behavioral Health Services Division, NM Human Services Department, as of May 2009; The New Mexico Office of the Medical Examiner Heroin: Number of Treatment Admissions and Overdose Deaths *, New Mexico Herman Silva

35 Heroin, n=647 Cocaine/crack, n=635 Methamphetamine, n=476 Route of Administration for Primary Drugs: New Mexico, 2008 Source: Behavioral Health Services Division, NM Human Services Department, as of May 2009 Herman Silva

36 PRIMARY DRUG BY ESTATE, NORTHERN BORDER, 2008 *, Mexico Crystal 38.9% Heroin 32.2% Crack 41.2% Cocaine 17.4% Crystal 32.4% Cocaine 28.9% Alcohol 25.6% Heroin 36.3% Heroin 21.2% Source: SISVEA. Non Governmental Treatment Centers, DGE/SSA.2008 * First semester N = 13,210 Alcohol 22.8% Alcohol 17.8% Crack 30.9% Herman Silva

37 OMI Data:  Meth overdose death rates per 100,000 (age adjusted) ◦ 1.7 deaths per 100,000 in 2007 ◦ 1.1 death per 100,000 in 2008  Meth death rate per 100,000 (age-adjusted)  by Public Health Region, : ◦ NM1.5 ◦ NW1.4 ◦ NE0.5 ◦ Bern1.7 ◦ SE2.9 ◦ SW1.1 Herman Silva

38 Amphetamine-related inpatient hospitalizations (HIDD) Number of Hospitalizations Per Year These data are solely primary diagnosis but meth related hospitalizations are likely frequent among secondary diagnosis due to the context of use. For instance, a primary diagnosis might be an injury but meth was involved so it was listed as a secondary diagnosis. Herman Silva

39 Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, grades Meth use, past 30 Days 7.3% 4.6% 4.4% (ranked 3 rd in the U.S. 2007) Herman Silva

40 Methamphetamine Labs Seized/Clean-Ups in New Mexico *2008 preliminary data through March 2008 Herman Silva

41  Establish and maintain a continuum of evidenced based behavioral health services. Herman Silva

42  Meth Coordinator’s Position  Addressing the unique challenges of rural jurisdictions in fighting methamphetamine production, distribution, and abuse.  Development, in partnership with Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE), of a statewide methamphetamine assessment to identify system strengths and barriers to be addressed; Herman Silva

43  Sponsorship of a full state methamphetamine team to attend the National Rural Methamphetamine Summit, taking place June 2010  Creation and implementation of a state methamphetamine action plan Herman Silva

44  To provide policy guidance concerning illicit drug issues and to provide oversight of the Federal Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) annual funding  Administered and distributed by the Department of Public Safety  To combat drug trafficking, gangs, and violent criminal activity.  The DEAC is charged with the additional task of preparing a Statewide Drug Strategy. Herman Silva

45 ‣NM ranks 36th in the nation with population of 1.8 million ‣NM ranks 12 th in the nation for fastest growing population; ‣NM ranks 50 th in number of children living in poverty (27.5%); ‣New Mexico is considered untouched territory and ripe for gangs and their drug activity. ‣Close proximity to the Mexican border ‣Three ports of entry (Antelope Wells, Santa Teresa, Columbus); ‣North American Free Trade Agreement ‣Geography Herman Silva

46 In their 2005 National Gang Threat Assessment, the National Alliance of Gang Investigators Association (NAGIA),, recommended the implementation of the following: Federal Role in the Gang ProblemFederal Role in the Gang Problem Gang DenialGang Denial Law Enforcement Intelligence sharingLaw Enforcement Intelligence sharing Gang DefinitionsGang Definitions Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) of Gang ActivityUniform Crime Reporting (UCR) of Gang Activity Correctional IntelligenceCorrectional Intelligence Gang-Related TrainingGang-Related Training LegislationLegislation Gang OfficersGang Officers Community ResponseCommunity Response These recommendations will greatly enhance the ability of law enforcement and communities to effectively address the gang problem Herman Silva

47 The National Youth Gang Survey estimates that approximately 788,000 gang members and 27,000 gangs were active in the U.S. in (Highlights of the 2007 National Youth Gang Survey, U.S. Department of Justice, April 2009) According to the 2009 National Gang Threat Assessment, approximately 1 million gang members belonging to more than 20,000 gangs were criminally active in all 50 states and the District of Columbia as of September Herman Silva

48

49 Additionally, almost 78% of law enforcement report the gang problem as getting worse when compared to 10 years ago and 69% identify the problem as worse that 5 years ago. Furthermore, 59% believe the problem to have been worse than it was just one year prior. 74% of service providers report the gang problem as getting worse when compared to 10 years ago and 79% identify the problem as worse that 5 years ago. Furthermore, 68% believe the problem to have been worse than it was just one year prior. Herman Silva

50 PREVENTION Family Support State, Local, Fed. Programs Local Government Churches Neighborhood Watch Schools Media INTERVENTION Intelligence Probation Legislation Community Residents Human Services Community Based Agencies Housing Business SUPPRESSION Law Enforcement Corrections Parole Prosecution Courts Herman Silva

51 Mobilize state and community resources to reduce gang violence: Law enforcement “Weed” out gang violence Legislation Alternatives to Violence Taos Restorative Justice, Boys and Girls Clubs of NM, Youth Development Inc., Children’s Cabinet After School Initiative Mobilize Communities Community mobilization must include legal sanctions, intervention, alternatives to violence, and inter-agency coordination (law enforcement, schools, service agencies, neighborhood groups, etc.) Herman Silva

52 Total STI Citations 77 Herman Silva

53 Total STM Citations 129 Herman Silva

54 Alcohol: 2007 Administrative Citations Sales to Intox July 1, 2006 thru June 30, 2007 Total STI Citations 332 Herman Silva

55 Alcohol: 2007 Administrative Citations Sales to Minors July 1, 2006 thru June 30, 2007 Total STM Citations 200 Herman Silva

56 Alcohol: Administrative Citations Sales to Intox July 1, 2007 thru June 30, 2008 Total STI Citations 229 Herman Silva

57 Alcohol: 2008 Administrative Citations Sales to Minors July 1, 2007 thru June 30, 2008 Total STM Citations 236 Herman Silva

58 Trainings Attendees Law Enforcement DWI Local/County Licensees Best Practices Others Totals Herman Silva

59 Herman Silva, Director Narcotics and Gang Initiatives New Mexico Department of Public Safety Tel: (505) Herman Silva


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