Daily Notes – Chapter 1 “PreHistoric Times” History : The “documented” record of what happened. We only “know” what happened in the past if it was written down (and whatever was written happens to survive) Pre-History: What was happening before people could write it down (in some way)
Human Development – How’d We Get Here? - “Humans” have been on earth for a long time - 1st “modern” humans (homo sapiens) appear between 400, 000 B.C. - 250,000 B.C. - 1st civilizations begin around 12,000 10,000 BC – “History” Begins What were people doing all those years? What was life like? How was it different?
From around 400,000 B.C. to 12,000 B.C. People practiced what was called hunter-gatherer societies. Some people might call them cave men..
Tribal Activity Yesterday we examined the lives of people of today in the areas of (1) Food, (2) Where they live (3) What they do during the day (4) Who tells them what to do. Today we will set up the other half of our comparison. We will examine the 4 areas of the Hunter-Gatherer. Complete the Other side of your Chart
Tribal Activity : How Scattered about the room are various facts cards about how Hunter-Gatherers lived. The fact cards cover the 4 areas of your chart: (1) Food, (2) Where they live (3) What they do during the day (4) Who tells them what to do. All tribes must “hunt” or “gather” all of the information from the different fact cards Every tribe member must transfer the information for the fact to their own chart
Tribal Activity – Make a Chart 1. How do we get food? 2. Where do we live? 3. What do we do each day? 4. Who tells us what to do? 1. We get most of our food from a store.. 1. Hunter Gatherers got most of their food People Of Today Hunter Gatherer
Tribal Leaders.. Each person should complete the “Hunter Gather” part of the chart. All members of your tribe (even absent ones!) must complete the chart Make sure they get in the folder!
Food #1 Hunter gatherers got some of their food by hunting alone or in groups. Hunting was not a great way to get food because it took a lot of time and energy, you weren’t guaranteed that you’d bring anything back. Also, the food spoiled quickly
Food #2 Most hunter gatherers got the majority of the food from gathering. This was gathering whatever naturally growing fruits, berries, nuts, roots, or vegetables they could find.
Food #3 When hunter gatherers ate all of the food in an area they had to move.
Food #4 Hunter gatherer societies were a subsistence society. This means that they were always on the verge of starvation. They were eating just enough to ‘get by.’
Food #5 Most women gathered and most men hunted.
Food #6 Hunter gatherers burned about 4000 calories a day.
Where do they live #1 Hunter gatherers lived in small groups (30- 60) people. Smaller groups would eat up the food in an area slower than large groups. If you only have one pizza, more people means the pizza will be eaten sooner!
Where do they live #2 Hunter gatherers live in temporary structures. Tee-pees, lean-tos, or structures that could be built quickly and taken down quickly (to move!) were key to the nomadic way of life.
Where do they live #3 Hunter gatherers were nomads. This means they were always on the move. They moved to follow the food (herds of animals) or when the weather in an area was bad, or if there was no more food to gather.
Where do they live #4 Hunter gatherers sometimes lived in natural structures like caves, rock overhangs, or dense tree coverings. They would live here because they provided shelter and because it didn’t take time to build
Where do they live #5 Hunter gatherers did not build permanent structures (houses, walls, cities.) Why spend the time to build something you would be leaving soon?
What did they do in a day #1 Hunter gatherers spent almost their entire waking time collecting or preparing food.
What did they do in a day #2 Hunter gatherers had little time for inventing things. That's why little changed in the way of life for thousands of years.
What did they do in a day #3 Hunter gatherers had few luxury items. Any item that didn't serve a purpose was rarely made. It took time to make luxuries and anything other than what you could carry would be left when you moved
What did they do in a day #4 Hunter gatherers made some primitive art (cave paintings). They usually dealt with practical matters. For example, paintings were of animals they hunted in the area.
What did they do in a day #5 Hunter gatherers did make some “jewelry”. These items were made of rocks, wood, or animal bone.
Who tells them what to do #1 Hunter gatherer society was egalitarian. Everyone was more or less equal. Since they all had to work together to survive no one person was more important
Who tells them what to do #2 Hunter gatherers did not have a complex social structure. No governments, law systems. People might listen to an elder or a chief but that chief still worked to support the group. Because food was so scarce even the chief had to hunt and gather.
Who tells them what to do #3 Hunter gatherers had few full times leaders. There was no “I'm the chief! Bring me my food!”
Who tells them what to do #4 Hunter gatherer groups tended to be organized by family or extended family (clan)
Who tells them what to do #5 Hunter gatherer society had few artisans (people who were specialized in making or doing things). No teachers, performers, scientists, artists – Every artisan was a person NOT hunting or gathering. Hunter gatherers didn't have enough food to sustain that.