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RMSF (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever) 3 rd Arizona Statewide Tribal, IHS, ADHS, CDC Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Meeting December 3, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "RMSF (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever) 3 rd Arizona Statewide Tribal, IHS, ADHS, CDC Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Meeting December 3, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 RMSF (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever) 3 rd Arizona Statewide Tribal, IHS, ADHS, CDC Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Meeting December 3, 2013

2 RMSF: Background Caused by Rickettsia rickettsii – Tickborne, no person-to-person transmission – Found in several species of ticks throughout North and South America Intracellular bacterial pathogen Infects endothelial cells, causes widespread vascular damage Effectively treated with doxycycline – Other antibiotics (even broad spectrum) ineffective Marc Traeger, MD, Whiteriver Service Unit, IHS

3 Number of Cases of RMSF

4 10 years of work WRSU June 2002 – April pages = 219 items

5 Onset of RMSF symptoms by age in two Arizona communities n=205 CDC unpublished data from chart review of RMSF cases in two communities in Arizona,

6 Selected reportable disease case counts Arizona, 2011 Data from MMWR: Summary of Notifiable Diseases, United States, 2011

7 Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) Trends in Indian Health (2002-3)

8 Risk Profile of American Indians 2009 Better than Average Worse than Average % -250% (Percent above or below the average rate or ratio of all Arizona residents in 2009)

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10 Ticks

11 Source: Commonwealth Fund, based on OECD Health Data International Comparison of Spending on Health

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13 Clinical Education and Enhanced Surveillance 13 Highly ImpactedAt Risk White Mountain Apache TribeAk chin Indian CommunityChemehuevi San Carlos Apache TribeColorado River Indian TribesCocopah Tribe Low Impact Ft McDowell Yavapai NationFt Mojave Tribe Tohono O’Odham NationHavasupaiHualapai Tribe Hopi TribeKaibab Band of Paiute IndiansNavajo Tribe Gila River Indian CommunityPhoenix Service UnitQuechan Tribe Salt River Indian CommunitySan Lucy Village Tonto Apache Tribe of ArizonaYavapai Prescott Tribe Yavapai Apache Indian Community

14 RMSF Rodeo Partners

15 The diagnosis and treatment algorithm for AZ Patient Presents with Fever (T > 100) or History of Subjective Fever Yes No or Unknown Doxycycline & RMSF Labs Any 1 of the following: Rash? Low Sodium? Low Platelets? Elevated AST or ALT? Recent Exposure to Ticks or Untreated Dogs? Educate Patient & Follow-up Next Day Fever > 2 days? (48 hours) No Yes

16 Where we are… Awareness and education Science Will Prevention Treatment Infrastructure Temporary funding


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