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History of Leadership Understanding Leadership By: Crawford, Brungardt, and Maughan.

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Presentation on theme: "History of Leadership Understanding Leadership By: Crawford, Brungardt, and Maughan."— Presentation transcript:

1 History of Leadership Understanding Leadership By: Crawford, Brungardt, and Maughan

2 Eras of Leadership n Tribal n Pre-Classical n Classical n Progressive n Post-Progressive

3 Tribal Leadership n Role of coordinator and skilled expert n Directive and task-oriented n Leaders were “elected” based on size, strength, and agility n Leadership based on fear n Family leadership

4 Implications for Tribal Leaders n Brute force accepted, fear-based n Survival skills rule, but social skills are a plus n Coordinator, skilled expert

5 Implications for Tribal Followers n Failure to follow leads to death n Follower’s role important for tribal success n Long-term power derived from survival skills

6 Pre-Classical Leadership n Concerned with spirituality n Claimed divinity n Death was feared n Kings and queens

7 Implications for Pre-Classical Leaders n Spiritually or magically endowed n Male dominant n Kings and church in collusion n Brutality and oppression justified

8 Implications for Pre-Classical Followers n Subservient role n Vessels to be filled with spiritual teachings or law n Subhuman treatment accepted n Follow because of or through fear

9 Classical Leadership n Production at minimal costs n Stability n Workers are inefficient n Do what it takes to get the job done n Division of labor n Organize, control, command, decide, and manipulate for results

10 Implications for Classical Leaders n Production at all costs n Labor is infinite n Leaders lead and divide labor n Organize, control, command, decide, and manipulate for results

11 Implications for Classical Followers n Hard work expected, and “builds character” n Chaos is the downfall of the policy- driven organization n No one is indispensable n Workers considered lazy and inefficient

12 Progressive Leadership n The change game n Increase quality n Total Quality Management (TQM) n Empowerment

13 Implications for Progressive Leaders n Stability no longer the key n Change game, TQM, and re-engineering n Change agent, visionary for transformational change n Empowerment is the mantra, “Unlock the potential of everyone”

14 Implications for Progressive Followers n Everyone has a worth value n Collaboration means more power for followers, shared power n Intimate involvement with total organizational change n Needs met on management’s terms

15 Post-Progressive Leadership n Addresses the post-industrial world n Must be sensitive to the demands of the information society and post Cold War world n Social change models

16 Implications for Post- Progressive Leaders n Answers to issues in the post-industrial world n New democratic agenda n Social change, collaboration, and risk leadership models

17 Implications for Post- Progressive Followers n Collaboration and agenda building are the new roles of the follower n Equal partner in the leadership relationship n Followers’ needs met


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