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+ The US Congress Chapters 10 Sect 3 & 4 Chapter 11.

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Presentation on theme: "+ The US Congress Chapters 10 Sect 3 & 4 Chapter 11."— Presentation transcript:

1 + The US Congress Chapters 10 Sect 3 & 4 Chapter 11

2 + Senate- The Upper House Requirements for a Senator

3 + Continuous body- Every 2 years; 1/3 of Senate seats up for election

4 + Personal & Political Background Most are white men in their 50s Growing #s of women, minorities Most are married with kids and have a religious affiliation Most are lawyers &/or have advanced degrees Most are born in the states they represent Most have political experience Most are upper-middle class **is NOT an accurate cross section of American society

5 + Congressional Elections Must use a voting booth 1 st Tuesday after the first Monday in November

6 + Compensation- Senators & Representatives Salary - $174,000 year Speaker - $223,500; VP – $227,300; floor leaders - $193,400 “fringe benefits” – special tax deduction for 2 residences Travel allowances, life & health insurances, pension plan plus Social Security & Medicare Offices – given one in DC, allowance for ones at home Franking privilege – signature in place of stamps Restaurants & gym, parking in DC & at airport

7 + How can Congressmen vote… Lawmakers can represent the people as they vote… 1. Delegates – discover “what the folks back home” think and votes the way the people in their district would want. 2. Trustees – vote based on their own personal opinion- their own judgment – can ignore constituents. 3. Partisans – votes the way their party votes, even if against will of people in their district 4. Politicos – try to combine all three when deciding how to vote.

8 + Powers of Congress

9 + Ch Expressed Powers of Congress- Specifically stated in Article One Create & collect taxes, coin & borrow money 16 th Amendment, 1913 = income tax Regulate interstate & foreign trade Gibbons v. Ogden, 1824 – further defined interstate Bankruptcy & Immigration - naturalization Declare war Establish courts, military Copyrights, patents, weights & measures, post offices Conduct process of impeachment Senate ratifies treaties & confirms appointments

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