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D.Seniority System: Based on length of Service. (Committee service, party membership, Congress service) 1.Arguments for: a.Resolves differences b.Stability.

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Presentation on theme: "D.Seniority System: Based on length of Service. (Committee service, party membership, Congress service) 1.Arguments for: a.Resolves differences b.Stability."— Presentation transcript:

1 D.Seniority System: Based on length of Service. (Committee service, party membership, Congress service) 1.Arguments for: a.Resolves differences b.Stability c.Works 2. Arguments against: a. Doesn’t guarantee competence b. Not representative of the people. c. Membership can’t choose leaders.

2 E. Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970: Limits powers of chairmen 1.Secret Ballot 2.Can’t chair more than one 3.Sessions open to public unless for National Security 4. Members who disagree with chair allowed to express. 5. subcomms become more powerful 6.Majority of comm members can call meeting w/o chair : Chair term limited to 3.

3 Congress: Part 2-Powers of Congress

4 Sec.1: Legislative and Non-Leg Powers A. Art. 1 creates leg. branch. Expressed (enumerated) powers of Congress listed A1S8. They include: 1.Financing/money powers a.Power to tax: Revenue bills MUST originate in HOUSE

5 1.Purposes of Taxation a.Raise revenue to finance Gov’t. b.Protect American Businesses c.Protect health/safety d.Redistribute wealth

6 2. Limits on Taxation a. Churches/Newspapers b. Only for public purposes c. No exports d. Must be uniform

7 3. Types of Taxes a.Direct tax: paid by person it is imposed upon. b.Indirect tax: paid by one person, passed on. 4. Miscellaneous a..32 of each dollar taken. b. 16 th amd: Creates Federal Income tax

8 b. Power to borrow $ c. Power to Coin $ d. Power to appropriate $ e. Power to set punishment for counterfeiting f. Power to make bankruptcy laws

9 2. Foreign Policy/War Powers a. Power to declare war b. Power to create, equip, fund armed forces c. Power to make laws governing the armed forces

10 3. Commerce Powers a. Power to regulate interstate & foreign commerce 1. Greatly expanded by Gibbons v. Ogden 2. Regulate working conditions, wages, civil rights of workers b. Power to fix standards of weights and measures c. Power to establish postal system and postal roads

11 d.Power to promote science and arts by issuing: 1.Copyrights: Right of author to reproduce, sell, publish any literary, musical, artistic or creative work (Author’s life plus 70 years) 2. Patents: Right to produce, sell or use an invention. Good for 20 years and may be renewed.


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