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Types of government systems Unitary system- system of government that gives all key powers to the national government. Federal System-national and state.

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Presentation on theme: "Types of government systems Unitary system- system of government that gives all key powers to the national government. Federal System-national and state."— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of government systems Unitary system- system of government that gives all key powers to the national government. Federal System-national and state governments share power. Autocracy- a single individual maintains power through military or police power. Oligarchy- a few people or small group holds power

2 Types of democracy Direct democracy-everyone votes on every issue. Republican democracy- citizens vote for representatives who are given the authority to make laws.

3 Vocabulary Consensus- when most people agree Levy or levied- means to collect something, usually taxes Magna Carta- means “Great Charter” A document in England that limited the power of the King in 1215.

4 Branches of Government Judicial Branch-interprets laws Executive Branch- enforces laws Legislative Branch- makes laws Having these three branches of government is what is called Separation of Powers.

5 The Constitutional Convention Held in Philidelphia in 1787 towrite the Constitution

6 Plans for Constitution Va Plan Wanted states with the largest population to have the most representation in Congress. NJ Plan Wanted every state to have equal representation in Congress.

7 Compromise: Congress would have 2 Houses. House of Representatives The states with the greatest population would have more representatives in this house. There are 438 today. Senate Each State would have 2 Senators. Today there are 100 Senators.

8 3/5 Compromise A slave will count as 3/5 of a person toward the population.

9 The first two political parties Federalists Supported the new Constitution and a strong national government. Anti-Federalists Did not like the new Constitution and wanted power to remain with the state governments.

10 Compromise between Federalists and Anti-Federalists before the Constitution was accepted Members at the Constitutional Convention agreed that one of the first things the new Congress would create was a Bill of Rights to protect specific rights of people.

11 Ratify- to make into law. To approve. Before the Constitution became law, 9 of the 13 states had to ratify it.

12 Parts of the Constitution Preamble- explains why the Constitution is being written; “to form a more perfect union” “establish justice” “Ensure domestic tranquility”

13 Article 1 Power and Structure of Congress Creates a 2 House Congress House of Representatives; where representatives of each state are chosen based on the states population. Senate; Each state has an equal number of senators.

14 Powers of Congress in Article 1 Regulate Commerce between states. Declare War Congress has the “power of the purse.” They control taxing and spending. These are expressed powers in the Constitution

15 Article II: The President (Executive) States the qualifications to be president. Must be a native born citizen You must be 35 years old You have to have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years.

16 Powers of the President Appoints Federal Judges/ Justices BUT Congress must approve them. Can Veto Laws passed by Congress. (He says no to a law)

17 Article III, The Supreme Court Once justices have their job, they can have it for life. Jurisdiction of federal courts: bankruptcy, crimes that happen on the ocean or sea, or if the act of a crime crosses state boarders.

18 Article IV, “Full Faith and Credit” clause Every state will respect the decisions of other states concerning “Public acts, records, and judicial proceedings.”


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