Presentation on theme: "Types of government systems"— Presentation transcript:
1 Types of government systems Unitary system- system of government that gives all key powers to the national government.Federal System-national and state governments share power.Autocracy- a single individual maintains power through military or police power.Oligarchy- a few people or small group holds power
2 Types of democracy Direct democracy-everyone votes on every issue. Republican democracy- citizens vote for representatives who are given the authority to make laws.
3 Vocabulary Consensus- when most people agree Levy or levied- means to collect something, usually taxesMagna Carta- means “Great Charter” A document in England that limited the power of the King in 1215.
4 Branches of Government Judicial Branch-interprets lawsExecutive Branch- enforces lawsLegislative Branch- makes lawsHaving these three branches of government is what is called Separation of Powers.
5 The Constitutional Convention Held in Philidelphia in 1787 towrite the Constitution
6 Plans for Constitution Va PlanNJ PlanWanted states with the largest population to have the most representation in Congress.Wanted every state to have equal representation in Congress.
7 Compromise: Congress would have 2 Houses. House of RepresentativesSenateThe states with the greatest population would have more representatives in this house. There are 438 today.Each State would have 2 Senators. Today there are 100 Senators.
8 3/5 CompromiseA slave will count as 3/5 of a person toward the population.
9 The first two political parties FederalistsAnti-FederalistsSupported the new Constitution and a strong national government.Did not like the new Constitution and wanted power to remain with the state governments.
10 Compromise between Federalists and Anti-Federalists before the Constitution was accepted Members at the Constitutional Convention agreed that one of the first things the new Congress would create was a Bill of Rights to protect specific rights of people.
11 Ratify- to make into law. To approve Ratify- to make into law. To approve. Before the Constitution became law, 9 of the 13 states had to ratify it.
12 Parts of the Constitution Preamble- explains why the Constitution is being written;“to form a more perfect union”“establish justice”“Ensure domestic tranquility”
13 Article 1 Power and Structure of Congress Creates a 2 House Congress House of Representatives; where representatives of each state are chosen based on the states population.Senate; Each state has an equal number of senators.
14 Powers of Congress in Article 1 Regulate Commerce between states.Declare WarCongress has the “power of the purse.” They control taxing and spending.These are expressed powers in the Constitution
15 Article II: The President (Executive) States the qualifications to be president.Must be a native born citizenYou must be 35 years oldYou have to have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years.
16 Powers of the President Appoints Federal Judges/ Justices BUT Congress must approve them.Can Veto Laws passed by Congress. (He says no to a law)
17 Article III, The Supreme Court Once justices have their job, they can have it for life.Jurisdiction of federal courts: bankruptcy, crimes that happen on the ocean or sea, or if the act of a crime crosses state boarders.
18 Article IV, “Full Faith and Credit” clause Every state will respect the decisions of other states concerning “Public acts, records, and judicial proceedings.”