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End of Reconstruction Alex Welch, Heather Merrifield, Jessica McCarty, Josh Lindauer, and Logan Bower.

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Presentation on theme: "End of Reconstruction Alex Welch, Heather Merrifield, Jessica McCarty, Josh Lindauer, and Logan Bower."— Presentation transcript:

1 End of Reconstruction Alex Welch, Heather Merrifield, Jessica McCarty, Josh Lindauer, and Logan Bower

2 The Depression of 1873 Also known as The Panic of 1873 Lasted from After the Civil War, employment rose and the economy grew because focus returned to the country's economy

3 Over 30,000 miles of railroad tracks were laid, including the Trans- Continental Railroad via the Union Pacific and Central Pacific Started the investment in a Northern route

4 Main Cause of the Collapse Most friendly firms of the United States invested heavily in the railroad They ran out of funds before the project was completed and they could not get the money back Declared bankruptcy

5 Effects 20,000 businesses were shut down over the course of 5 years 100 railroad companies suffered and/or declared bankruptcy immediately Employment dropped significantly

6 The 1870s Reconstruction efforts were stalled when Democrats got majority in the House of Representatives in 1874 Democrats were slowly regaining control of the South

7 There was a lot of violence used by Democrats to secure power In some cases, Republicans were murdered in the 1876 election

8 The Civil Rights Act of 1875 Passed by radical Republicans Democrats in the House try to make sure it was unenforceable

9 Democrats in the House Democrats in the House said African Americans had to file their own claims to protect their rights They knew many African Americans had no money and couldn't file a lawsuit

10 Candidates in The Election of 1876 Samuel Tilden: democratic governor of New York Rutherford B Hayes: republican governor of Ohio The South hope that Hayes would restrict federal enforcement of reconstruction-era policies

11 The Election of 1876 Tilden won the swing states of Connecticut, Indiana, New York, and New Jersey Tilden had the 184 out of 185 electoral votes that he needed to win the election

12 The Election of 1876 Republicans accused democrat supporters of bribing an intimidating African-American voters to keep them from voting in Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina

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14 The Election of 1876 As the votes were added up, numbers kept changing and many thought the numbers were being rigged

15 Electoral Commission Congress set up and electoral commission in 1877 It was supposed to consist of 7 Republicans, 7 Democrats, and 1 neutral politician but there were actually 8 republicans and 7 democrats

16 If Democrats allowed Hayes to win: Republicans promised to support a bill to subsidize the construction of the Trans-Continental Railroad in the South They also gave the Post-Master General position to a Southern white man Federal Troops would be removed from the South Known as The Compromise of 1877

17 Results Tilden's party abandoned him Hayes is elected president in 1876, becomes president in 1877 Troops are removed from the South, signifying the end of Reconstruction

18 What caused reconstruction to end? Loss of interest and passion from the North Many of their interests turned from strictly Reconstruction to Western expansion, corruption in government, and industrial growth The North also thought the South should solve their own problems

19 The economic downturn and caused people to focus on their own financial situations Congress was frustrated because the Supreme Court struck down a lot of legislation

20 Primary Source "After they told us we were free -- even then they would not let us live as man and wife together. And when we would run away to be free, the white people would not let us come on their places to see our mothers, wives, sisters, or fathers. We was made to leave or go back and live as slaves. To my own knowledge there was over two thousand colored people killed trying to get away after the white people told us we were free in 1865."

21 Failures of Reconstruction Most legislation passed by Radical Republicans was useless Removal of troops meant it was easy for rich whites to regain power and return to the Old South policies Supreme Court rulings undid legislation made by Congress Civil Rights got put aside until the 1900s

22 Successes of Reconstruction The United States maintained the title of The United States Southern states drafted new constitutions, ratified the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, and pledged loyalty to the Union Settled the debate between states' rights and federalism

23 Sources 9 Primary Source:


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