Elitist Disparagement (Interwar) An affront to the eye ‘slums of the future 1938: “their destruction was ‘an eventuality that does much to reconcile one to the prospect of aerial bombardment’. …the new style of homes represented 'something worse than the meanness of poverty - the meanness of spirit'
Barker Reports … to reduce the long- term trend in house price increases to 1.1% a year – compared with the current rate of more than 9% a year – would require 260,000 homes to be built annually. Since then, an average of just 115,000 homes have been built in the private sector each year.
From Census Bureau Home Ownership Rate: 1900-2013 UNITED STATES AVERAGE Figure 33
U.S. nationally syndicated newspaper columnist Neal Pearce implied that the Columbine High School massacre, was caused by urban sprawl. Suburban bankruptcy predictions Faceless estates. Soulless financial districts. Elite Disparagement
Housing Affordability 1950-2012 MAJOR US METROPOLITAN AREAS: MEDIAN MULTIPLE Median Multiple: Median House Price divided by Median Household Income Figure 35 Greater Price Volatility
Why did people move to the cities? Not light rail, good urban planning To have better lives Yet urban planning is – Reducing the standard of living and increasing poverty Need to replace policy based on means (inputs) – To policy based on ends (Outputs) – Maintain the standard of living & reduce poverty
Anti-Smart Growth Government Re-elected NEW ZEALAND SEPTEMBER 20, 2014 David Seymour