Presentation on theme: "PLUS Loan Exceptional Circumstances Chad Olson, Assistant Director, Iowa State University IASFAA Fall Conference - November 2014."— Presentation transcript:
PLUS Loan Exceptional Circumstances Chad Olson, Assistant Director, Iowa State University IASFAA Fall Conference - November 2014
Why look at Exceptional Circumstances? Parents’ ability to borrow has changed Lack of ability to borrow privately Differing economic circumstances As always, it’s for the students!
DL PLUS Loan Criteria Cannot be 90 days or more delinquent on any debt over $2,085 – New amount as of 10/23/2014 final regs – Will be adjusted, based on CPI increase more than $100 For 5 years preceding the credit report, no debt in default, foreclosure, bankruptcy discharge, repossession, tax lien, wage garnishment or write off of an FSA debt
Possible Eligibility Concerns for Parent Borrowers Overpayment on FSA Grant Default on FSA Loan Stafford loan cancelled for Total and Permanent Disability (TPD) All of the above can be waived if satisfactory repayment arrangements have been made
The FSA Handbook tells us… 2014/2015 FSA Handbook lists “exceptional circumstances” on in Volume 3, Chapter 5, page 109. http://ifap.ed.gov/fsahandbook/attachments/ 1415FSAHbkVol3Ch5.pdf http://ifap.ed.gov/fsahandbook/attachments/ 1415FSAHbkVol3Ch5.pdf
What are some Exceptional Circumstances? Parent is incarcerated Parent’s whereabouts are unknown Parents have filed for bankruptcy and has documentation prohibiting further borrowing Parent is on disability or public assistance Parent’s existing debt to income ratio Parent does not meet citizenship requirements for PLUS Loan
Other Exceptional Circumstances The examples in the previous slide are examples given by the Department, but should not be considered as an all-inclusive list
Criteria for Additional Unsubsidized Stafford Loans What doesn’t grant additional eligibility? – Parent’s unwillingness to borrow – School’s decision not to participate in PLUS Loan program – FAO’s belief that a parent shouldn’t borrow a PLUS Loan – One parent approved, one parent denied – Parent credit denial in previous years
Parent is incarcerated Check on the web Have student provide documentation of formal court proceeding Where is the other parent?
Parent’s whereabouts are unknown May be independent already
Parent has filed for bankruptcy Additional debt cannot be incurred during the bankruptcy proceeding until discharge is granted Conditions of the bankruptcy discharge could include inability to take on additional debt for specified time period Parents will have plenty of documentation of bankruptcy proceedings from the court
Parent is on disability or public assistance FAFSA may indicate receipt of public assistance Tax return may show disability payments and will also show if income is limited to disability Verification forms may indicate
Parent’s existing debt to income ratio If school is using this option, they need to establish a debt to income ratio and document in P & P Common debt to income ratio is 40%
Parent does not meet citizenship requirements for PLUS Loan Check the ISIR you have on file Is the other parent a citizen? Foreign Income Tax Return
Things to remember This is professional judgment Exceptional circumstances must be reviewed annually Document, document, document! Parent’s eligibility can change during the year, even after a previous PLUS Loan
Tools to assist you ISIR Possibly an admissions application DHHS Poverty Guidelines – 2014 Family of 2 = $15,730 – Add $4,060 for each additional family member – Different for Alaska and Hawaii Monthly income and expenses of parent
One Institution's Process Discuss other options first including PLUS and private loans In conversation, family shares a concern about borrowing Learn about family’s concerns – Level of debt – Inability to make payments – Credit history
One Institution's Process If concern is debt level or inability to repay, have family complete institutional income/expense form – Use results to make unsubsidized loan determination – Utilize other file information (EFC, supp app) – Does the parent have ability to make a monthly loan payment of $50 after other expenses are taken into account
One Institution's Process If credit history is the concern, collect authorization to run credit – Only use this route if good indicators that credit will be denied – Use income/expense form if we think credit might be approved – Different credit bureaus can have different results Trans Union dominant in Iowa because based in the Midwest
One Institution's Process Income/expense form almost always reveals families operating in or dangerously close to the red each month Use of different loan code to track additional unsub loans due to PJ Review previous year’s file in awarding next year’s aid to determine if additional unsub previously awarded
Student’s eligibility for Unsub What can student borrow under these circumstances? What if student has borrowed their base aggregate in Stafford Loans?
Student’s eligibility for Unsub From the FSA Handbook, 14/15 Volume 3, Chapter 5, page 97 Review annual and aggregate loan limit charts
Student may have reached $31,000 limit, but they could borrow up to $12,500 if parents are denied Undergraduate student cannot exceed aggregate limit of $57,500 Student eligibility changes with parents’ annual eligibility!
PLUS Loan Eligibility Final Regs Published 10/23/2014 https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2014 /10/23/2014-25266/william-d-ford-federal- direct-loan-program#h-10 https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2014 /10/23/2014-25266/william-d-ford-federal- direct-loan-program#h-10
PLUS Loan Eligibility Final Regs - Summary Establishes outstanding balance level of $2085 for bankruptcies and determines mechanism to adjust level Clarifies acceptable documentation for adverse credit appeals Establishes PLUS Loan counseling criteria – Borrowers using an endorser – Borrowers who document extenuating circumstances
PLUS Loan Eligibility Final Regs - Summary Extends credit check validity from 90 to 180 days Enhanced PLUS Loan consumer information will be available for 15/16 school year Default rate information on Parent and Graduate PLUS Loans will be calculated
Acknowledgements Aaron Steffens – Luther College Kendra Heaton & Cyndi Peiffer – William Penn University Sara Harrington – University of Iowa Brittany Peterson – Iowa State University
Questions? Contact info: Chad Olson firstname.lastname@example.org (515) 294-8825