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Unit 10 The Garden Under the Sea Deborah Soong.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 10 The Garden Under the Sea Deborah Soong."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Unit 10 The Garden Under the Sea Deborah Soong

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4 Teaching ActivitiesIndex

5 Teaching Activities 1st period 1. Warm-upWarm-up 2. The Vocabulary, and Idioms & Phrases within Paragraphs 1-3The Vocabulary, and Idioms & Phrases within Paragraphs Reading – Paragraphs 1-3Reading – Paragraphs 1-3 2nd period 1. The Vocabulary, and Idioms & Phrases within Paragraphs 4-7The Vocabulary, and Idioms & Phrases within Paragraphs Reading – Paragraphs 4-7Reading – Paragraphs Post-readingPost-reading 3rd period 1. Word FileWord File 2. Sentence PatternsSentence Patterns 3. ExpansionExpansion 4. Writing PracticeWriting Practice 4th period Part II Oral & Listening - Unit 8Unit 8

6 Warm-up Vocabulary Idioms & Phrases Reading~ Paragraphs 1-3

7 Warm-up

8 T F □ □ 1. Coral is a kind of plant, not animal. □ □ 2. Coral is a kind of beautiful stone, not a living creature. □ □ 3. Coral feeds mainly on tiny drifting animals or small fish. □ □ 4. Coral requires clean, cold seawater and is fast-growing. □ □ 5. Coral may attach itself to a hard substance and remain there. □ □ 6. Red and pink are the usual colors for coral, but white and black are also known. Back

9 Listen to paragraphs 1-3. Skip

10 Now, answer the following questions.

11 Exercise A: Choose from (A), (B), (C) to complete the following sentences (1-3). ______ 1. Most coral is immoveable;... ______ 2. In Taiwan, coral breeds... ______ 3. Coral needs clean, warm water... (A)...to thrive. (B)...in April and May. (C)...it is stuck in its ways. CBACBA

12 Exercise B: Choose the best answer for each of the following sentences. ( ) 1. Coral reefs cover about of the whole area of the sea. (A) 70% (B) 30% (C) 0.7% (D) 0.3% D

13 Exercise B: ( ) 2. Which of the following statements is TRUE? (A) There are not many kinds of coral in the seas around Taiwan. (B) The reproduction of coral polyps becomes particularly active during the new moon. (C) We should buy pieces of coral from vendors rather than get them from the sea. (D) Coral reefs look like sea gardens because of the many colorful sea animals that live there. D

14 Reading

15 Although the sea covers About 70 percent of the surface of the earth, coral reefs only take up 0.3 percent of the whole area of the sea.

16 This phenomenon can be accounted for by the fact that coral needs clean, warm water. This phenomenon can be accounted for by the fact that coral needs clean, warm water. → The reason for coral reefs’ covering merely 0.3 percent of the total ocean floor is that coral needs clean, warm water.

17 The seas around Taiwan are home to more than 320 species of coral, an unusually high figure. The seas around Taiwan are home to more than 320 species of coral, an unusually high figure. → There are over 320 species of coral, a number larger than usual, living in the seas around Taiwan.

18 With coral reefs playing such a distinct role in the makeup of Taiwan’s coasts, it is, therefore, important for us to know more about this precious form of sea life. With coral reefs playing such a distinct role in the makeup of Taiwan’s coasts, it is, therefore, important for us to know more about this precious form of sea life. → Coral reefs play such an important role in the makeup of Taiwan’s coasts that we should know more about this precious form of sea life.

19 Beautiful Garden Underwater Coral is a limestone formation formed in the sea by tiny animals called coral polyps. Coral is a limestone formation formed in the sea by tiny animals called coral polyps. → Coral is built from the limestone skeletons of tiny animals which are called (coral) polyps. → Coral is a substance that is formed by the limestone skeletons of tiny animals which are called polyps.

20 A coral polyp has a tube-shaped body. At one end is a mouth surrounded by tiny tentacles. A coral polyp has a tube-shaped body. At one end is a mouth surrounded by tiny tentacles. → A coral polyp’s body looks like a tube with tentacles surrounding a mouth at the top of its body.

21 The other end of the body attaches to its neighbor. Coral reefs are built layer by layer by living coral on the skeletons of past generations. The other end of the body attaches to its neighbor. → They attach themselves to each other with a flat sheet of tissue that connects to the middle of another polyp body.

22 Coral reefs have been called underwater gardens, due to the sheer range of colors and types of life that can be found there. a sheer/full/whole/wide/broad range of 後接複數名詞或不可數名詞 We have students from a sheer range of backgrounds. They teach the full range of ballroom dances. The drug is effective against a wide range of bacteria. Next

23 In these gardens, exotic “flowers” battle with one another for the title of the most beautiful form of life. In these gardens, exotic “flowers” battle with one another for the title of the most beautiful form of life. → Among these coral reefs, strange and unusual sea animals compete with one another to see which is the most beautiful one of all.

24 Immovable as it is, coral is an animal stuck in its ways. Adj + as + S + be, S + V.... 的句型, as 乃連接詞,表「雖然,儘管」。 此句型可與 although 連接的用法替換. Tired as he was, he sat up late. → Although he was tired, he sat up late. Ways: habit of life or behavior;a customary manner of living, acting, etc..

25 Immovable as it is, coral is an animal stuck in its ways. Immovable as it is, coral is an animal stuck in its ways. → Immovable as it is, coral is an animal which is stuck in its ways. → Although it is not movable/doesn’t move, coral is (in fact) an animal that is fixed (on to a surface) in its own ways.

26 In Taiwan, April and May are the breeding season for coral, and activity gets particularly frantic after the full moon. In Taiwan, April and May are the breeding season for coral, and activity gets particularly frantic after the full moon. → Coral around Taiwan breeds in April and May, and the reproduction becomes especially wild after a full moon occurs.

27 In recent years, the media has fallen over itself to report on this. In recent years, the media has fallen over itself to report on this. → In recent years, the press are eager to report the spawning of the coral.

28 However, people are not encouraged to go and have a look for themselves out of environmental concerns. out of + 抽象名詞 出於 … out of pity/curiosity/interest/necessity/ embarrassment 原句 = → However, as far as the environment goes/for the sake of the reef environment, people are discouraged from going and watching coral breeding in person.

29 As coral polyps reproduce mainly at night, divers who go down and have a look are surrounded by darkness, increasing their chances of knocking into the coral. 原句 = → Since coral polyps breed mostly at night, people are wrapped in darkness while they dive into seawater to watch it spawning. And that increases the chance of their bumping into the coral accidentally. Back


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