For most of the past 150 million years Southern Florida has been sea floor The calcium carbonate from the shells formed the limestone base 110,000 years ago the sea deposited a spongy limestone layer At the same time the Atlantic Coastal Ridge was deposited
Biomes: Flooded Grassland & Temperate Deciduous Forest Climate: known for variability ◦ Temp. ranges from 60 – 80 degrees Fahrenheit ◦ 52 inches of rainfall a year ◦ Wet Season (7 months) and Dry Season Dominant Wildlife: Hundreds of plants native to the region, introduced species (Burmese Pythons), Aquatic animals (American Alligator), as well as mammals (Florida Panther)
Endemic Species: native to the Everglades ◦ Snail Kite ◦ Ghost Orchid ◦ Southern Live Oak Federally listed Threatened Species: ◦ American Alligator and Crocodile ◦ Arctic Peregrine Falcon ◦ Eastern Indigo Snake ◦ Piping Plover ◦ Roseate Tem ◦ Stock Island Tree Snail
Atlantic Ridley Turtle Crenulate Lead Plant Florida Panther Wood Stork Florida Black Bear
Home for hunting for Native Americans and Anglo- American settlers better known as “Gladesman” Developers tried to alter the wetland by draining it and turning it into roads and canals Conservation groups tried to stop the “River of Grass” from being ruined The Florida Department of Environmental Protection and the South Florida Water Management District are responsible for protecting this area
To protect water quality To save a water supply that helps support a large population To help jobs in tourism, commercial fishing, agriculture, and recreation There are 67 endangered species in the everglades
Threats Cures Many canals and dams have been built, interrupting the natural flow of water Growing agriculture is leading to large amounts of runoff chemicals that is changing the ecosystem Exotic plants and animals disrupt the ecosystem balance Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) Improving and protecting water quality and storage
"E&E Publishing." EVERGLADES: EPA Smacks Fla. With Commands for Cleanup. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.. "Early Formation." Friends of the Everglades RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.. "Biomes-Everglades National Park." Everglades National Park. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.. Florida Invaders Learn More about Florida's Exotic Plants and Animals Read More. National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 13 Feb. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.. "Seven Flora and Fauna That Can Only Be Found in the Everglades | Oddity Central - Collecting Oddities." Oddity Central Collecting Oddities. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.. Conservation, Central Figures to. National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 16 Feb. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.. "Saving the Everglades. Why We Should Care?" Eye On Palmetto Bay RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.. "Everglades National Park 3-minute Tour." YouTube. YouTube, 30 Apr. 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2014..