Presentation on theme: "Santa Elena Canyon Stratigraphic Column By Harriet Furton."— Presentation transcript:
Santa Elena Canyon Stratigraphic Column By Harriet Furton
Mesa de Anguila (US Side) Santa Elena Limestone Sue Peaks formation Del Carmen Limestone Glen Rose Limestone 740 ft 75-250 ft 350-475 ft 75 ft Terlingua Fault Normal fault due to a NW-SE crustal extension in the Tertiary Period, around 26 million years ago Normal fault due to a NW-SE crustal extension in the Tertiary Period, around 26 million years ago Limestone – resistant rock Forms ridges Mid Cretaceous – deep ocean Shale with limey sediment -easily erodes Forms slopes more than ridges Early Cretaceous – intermediate ocean Cherty, grey limestone - resistant Forms ridges Early Cretaceous – deep ocean Telephone Canyon Formation Early Cretaceous – deep ocean Maxon Formation Glen Rose Limestone Sandstone Early Cretaceous – shallow ocean Hard limestone Early Cretaceous (110 mya)– deep ocean DropDrop DropDrop UpliftUplift UpliftUplift Rio Grande Level
Chert- some algae, diatoms, are able to extract silica out of water and incorporate into their exoskeletons. After dying, their exoskeletons accumulates at the bottom of the ocean and with time it lithifies.