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NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 1Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Update on MULTIBARRIER wall for acid mine drainage at curilo uranium mine Ludo Diels 1, L. Bastiaens 1, S. Groudev 2 1. Flemish Institute for Technological Research, VITO, Mol, Belgium 2. University of Geology and Mining, UMG, Sofia, Bulgaria NATO – CCMS meeting, Ottawa, 12 – 15 June, 2005 Curilo
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 2Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Update on Multibarrier Wall for Acid Mine Drainage at Curilo Uranium Mine MULTIBARRIER definition Sequential versus mixed MULTIBARRIER Column and Container tests Pilot study at Curilo uranium mine in Bulgaria Conclusions
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 3Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Landfill leakage: Multifunctional treatment zone or Multibarrier for removal of mixed pollutants Evaluation of several combinations –Chemical transformation (Fe°), –Biotransformation (aerobic/anaerobic), –Bioprecipitation –Sorption Two solutions: -Installation of a new landfill (20 – 40 million EURO) -Installation of a MULTIBARRIER (2 - 4 million EURO) Groundwater flow GW level
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 4Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Sequential barrier vs mixed barrier Sequential barrierMixed barrier
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 5Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Different multibarrier concepts: Concept = Site specific and depending on the pollutants present Design of multibarriers for mixed pollution SorptionBiodegradation Reduction - Fe 0 Mixed pollution g Sorption Biodegradation Reduction - Fe 0... Mixed multibarrier
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 6Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved BIO Fe 0 PCE removal in aerobic MB and benzene degradation in denitrifying MB BIO A B C M B C M NO 3 - O 2 NO 3 - O 2 MB = Fe+Bio Bio alone
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 7Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Mixed MULTIBARRIER system Columns (L = 50 cm) K1: test column K2: abiotic control Layers: L1: FS/Aq = 78/22 (W) L2: FS/Aq/Fe0 = 20/20/20 (W) Removal of: - PCE, TCE - Benzene, Toluene - Zn, As
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 8Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Upscaling promising multibarrier concept Aquifer Reactive materials Groundwater Closed system Pollutant-mixing& monitoring unitPosttreatment A: coarse zone (25 cm) B: Aquifer material C: mixed Bio/Fe 0 barrier : FeA4/Aq/HM = 30/60/10 D: Biobarrier Aq/ HM (90/10) E: Biobarrier Aq E: coarse zone (25 cm) F: Sorption barrier 0.5 m 1 m 3 m BIO Fe 0 / BIO PCE, TCE, Zn, As, BTEX Polishing BTEX? A B C D E F G
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 9Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Set-up of MB at pilot-scale
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 10Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved MULTIBARRIER systems Mixed pollution: PCE, TCE, B, T, mX, Zn, As Sequential Multibarrier: ZVI + Micro-aerofilic biobarrier –PCE, TCE dehalogenation in ZVI –Zn, As removal in ZVI –BTX degradation in biobarrier –No degradation of cDCE Sequential Multibarrier: ZVI + Anaerobic biobarrier (denitrifying) –PCE, TCE dehalogenation in ZVI –Zn, As removal in ZVI –T, X degradation in biobarrier –B partially degraded in biobarrier –No degradation of cDCE Mixed Multibarrier: filtersand, aquifer materiaal, ZVI + Anaerobic biobarrier in aquifer –PCE, TCE dehalogenation –Zn, As removal in ZVI –BTX degradation in mixed zone –No formation of cDCE or VC
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 11Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Curilo deposit
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 12Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Installation at Curilo deposit
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 13Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Curilo deposit: constructed wetland + sequential Multibarrier
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 14Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Effluent composition after sequential barrier system B-1 – oxidation of ferrous ions by acidophilic chemolithotrophic bacteria, B-2 – chemical neutralization to about neutral pH without organic substrates, B-3 – microbial sulphate reduction.
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 15Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Mixed MULTIBARRIER on acid lake drainage
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 16Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Mixed MULTIBARRIER on acid lake drainage Limestone Gravel Cow manure, hay, straw, Limestone, Zeolite-ammonium phosphate
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 17Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Composition of the Mixed MULTIBARRIER Component in the:Dry weight, kg Alkalizing Drain Limestone 800 Gravel1700 Barrier for Microbial Dissimilatory Sulphate Reduction Cow Manure6400 Hay180 Straw160 Limestone2500 Zeolite saturated with ammonium phosphate 40
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 18Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Results of MULTIBARRIER at Curilo site July – December 2004
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 19Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Total Mass deposited in the MULTIBARRIER at Curilo site
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 20Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Bacteria in AMD and MULTIBARRIER effluent
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 21Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Sulphate Reducing Bacteria in Multibarrier effluent
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 22Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Metals on different fractions in MULTIBARRIER
NATO-CCMS, MULTIBARRIER, 23Ottawa, May 5, 2015 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved Conclusions Sulphate Reduction process is most important for metal removal Addition of limestone, Fe° or zeolites-ammonium phosphate improves the process Mn removal can be obtained only after an aerobic second step barrier (removes also DOC) AMD at pH >2, better pretreatment with Limestone Pretreatment with limestone is efficient in Fe 2+ removal, and more efficient than bacterial oxidation of Fe 2+ to Fe 3+ Final process is alkalizing drain + Sulphate Reducing Barrier improved with Fe° and zeolites-ammonium phosphate Still limited sulphate removal Radioactivity reduced from 4 Bq/l to < 0.05 Bq/l ISBP-process is an alternative
NATO-CCMS, IMS-Antwerp-TG, 1Ottawa, October 11, 2014 confidential – © 2005, VITO NV – all rights reserved WELCOME: Integrated Management System for Antwerp.
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