Presentation on theme: "EGYPTIAN ART Cultural Snippet"— Presentation transcript:
1EGYPTIAN ART Cultural Snippet Egyptian culture developed along the banks of the Nile river more than 3000 B.C.Religion influenced every part of Egyptian life.Pharaohs or Egyptian rulers were worshiped as gods and pyramids were built as tombs.Egyptians believed in life after death and preserved bodies using mumification.
3Characteristics of Ancient Egyptian Art heavily influenced by everyday life, especially religion and life after deathnot focused on exact replication, just representationsall art looked similar to preserve a sense of stability amongst the peopleThe Egyptians strictly upheld the style of frontalism, adhering carefully to stylistic rulesthe subject's head is always drawn in profile with the full eye shownThe upper body is depicted from the front and the legs face in the same direction as the head with one foot in front of the otherThe person in the picture sits or stands stiff and rigid in a formal posture, but the face is calm and usually slightly tilted toward the sky.
4Stele of Nefertiabet From Giza c Stele of Nefertiabet From Giza c BC (4th Dynasty) Painted limestone H 37.5 m; W 52.5 m
5Hieroglyphics and Painting Besides pyramids and sphinxes, the Egyptians are known for hieroglyphics, or a form of picture writing.Hieroglyphics use small pictures which represent different words, actions, or ideas.Many ancient Egyptian paintings have survived due to Egypt's extremely dry climate.The paintings were often made with the intent of making a pleasant afterlife for the deceased. The themes included journey through the afterworld or protective deities introducing the deceased to the gods of the underworld (such as Osiris).Some tomb paintings show activities that the deceased were involved in when they were alive and wished to carry on doing for eternity.Some hieroglyphs were also painted relief sculpturesWall painting of Nefertari
7Ancient Egyptian Architecture Scant tree growth prevented the extensive use of wood as a building material.Both sun-dried and kiln-dried bricks were used extensively. Fine sandstone, limestone, and granite were available for obelisks, sculpture, and decorative uses.All dwelling houses, built of timber or of sun-baked bricks, have disappearedOnly temples and tombs have survived. Their walls were immensely thick and built using durable materials like stoneThe belief in existence beyond death (reincarnation) resulted in existing architecture of utmost impressiveness and permanence.Even during periods of foreign rule, Egyptian architecture clung to its native characteristics, adopting almost no elements or influence from other cultures.
8Egypt, El Giza, Great Pyramid also known as "Pyramid of Cheops" or "Khufu's Pyramid" BCE, The base of the pyramid covers about 13 acres. To build the Great Pyramid it took an about 2,300,000 dressed stone blocks (averaging 2.5 tons each) -- more than any other structure ever built. The blocks were moved on log rollers and sledges, and then ramped into place.
10Carved from stone at the site and stands at 65 feet tall. The Sphinx is another example of a Pharaoh (Khafre) demonstrating his power.The massive size and the head of Pharaoh Khafre on the body of a lion was intended to demonstrate the power of the pharaoh.Carved from stone at the site and stands at 65 feet tall.Pharaoh Khafre, c B.C. Diorite. 66 inches tall.
11Ancient Egyptian Sculpture Sculpture In the RoundStatues in the round usually depicted the gods, Pharaohs, or civic officials, and were composed with special reference to the maintenance of straight linesOf the materials used by the Egyptian, stone was the most plentiful and permanentSculpture was often painted in vivid hues as wellCubic and frontal- echoes in its form the shape of the stone cube or block from which it was fashioned,The front of almost every statue is the most important part and the figure sits or stands facing strictly to the frontBust of Nefertiti
14Relief SculptureVirtually all the wall-sculptures of the Ancient Egyptian Empire are in the form of bas-relief (low-relief)Relief-composition merely meant arranging the figures in horizontal lines so as to record an event or represent an action.The principal figures were distinguished from others by their size - gods were shown larger than men, kings larger than their followers, and the dead larger than the living.
15Ancient Egyptian Pottery Pottery was used by the ancient Egyptians in much the same way we use modern kitchen containers or plastic,Two distinct TypesNile silt ware - Nile clay. After being fired, it has a red-brown color. This type of pottery was used for common, utilitarian purposes, though at times it might have been decorated or painted. Blue painted pottery was somewhat common during the New Kingdom (1,550-1,069 BC). Marl Clay – made from material found around Qena in Upper Egypt. This type of pottery was usually thought superior to the common Nile mud pottery, and so it was often used for decorative and other functions.
16Ancient Egyptian Funerary Masks & Coffins and Jewelry Egyptian, Burial Mask of King Tutankhamen, gold and inlaid stones, Cairo Museum, Egypt.
1819th Dynasty inlaid diadem, or wig The ancient Egyptians placed great importance on the religious significance of certain sacred objects, which was heavily reflected in their jewelry motifsTutanhkamun pendant19th Dynasty inlaid diadem, or wigTutanhkamun lapis scarab
19Video Presentation: :Ancient Egyptian Style of Art - Why it remained unchanged for over 3000 years.
20Found out more on Ancient Egyptian Art using these links: Art of EgyptThe British Museum – Ancient Egyptian ExhibitionAncient Egyptian Civilization