Presentation on theme: "EGYPTIAN ART Egyptian culture developed along the banks of the Nile river more than 3000 B.C. Religion influenced every part of Egyptian life. Pharaohs."— Presentation transcript:
EGYPTIAN ART Egyptian culture developed along the banks of the Nile river more than 3000 B.C. Religion influenced every part of Egyptian life. Pharaohs or Egyptian rulers were worshiped as gods and pyramids were built as tombs. Egyptians believed in life after death and preserved bodies using mumification. Cultural Snippet
Characteristics of Ancient Egyptian Art heavily influenced by everyday life, especially religion and life after death not focused on exact replication, just representations all art looked similar to preserve a sense of stability amongst the people The Egyptians strictly upheld the style of frontalism, adhering carefully to stylistic rules the subject's head is always drawn in profile with the full eye shown The upper body is depicted from the front and the legs face in the same direction as the head with one foot in front of the other The person in the picture sits or stands stiff and rigid in a formal posture, but the face is calm and usually slightly tilted toward the sky.
Stele of Nefertiabet From Giza c BC (4th Dynasty) Painted limestone H 37.5 m; W 52.5 m
Besides pyramids and sphinxes, the Egyptians are known for hieroglyphics, or a form of picture writing. Hieroglyphics use small pictures which represent different words, actions, or ideas. Many ancient Egyptian paintings have survived due to Egypt's extremely dry climate. The paintings were often made with the intent of making a pleasant afterlife for the deceased. The themes included journey through the afterworld or protective deities introducing the deceased to the gods of the underworld (such as Osiris). Some tomb paintings show activities that the deceased were involved in when they were alive and wished to carry on doing for eternity. Some hieroglyphs were also painted relief sculptures Hieroglyphics and Painting Wall painting of NefertariNefertari
Egypt West Bank Tombs
Ancient Egyptian Architecture Scant tree growth prevented the extensive use of wood as a building material. Both sun-dried and kiln-dried bricks were used extensively. Fine sandstone, limestone, and granite were available for obelisks, sculpture, and decorative uses. All dwelling houses, built of timber or of sun-baked bricks, have disappeared Only temples and tombs have survived. Their walls were immensely thick and built using durable materials like stone The belief in existence beyond death (reincarnation) resulted in existing architecture of utmost impressiveness and permanence. Even during periods of foreign rule, Egyptian architecture clung to its native characteristics, adopting almost no elements or influence from other cultures.
Egypt, El Giza, Great Pyramid also known as "Pyramid of Cheops" or "Khufu's Pyramid" BCE, The base of the pyramid covers about 13 acres. To build the Great Pyramid it took an about 2,300,000 dressed stone blocks (averaging 2.5 tons each) -- more than any other structure ever built. The blocks were moved on log rollers and sledges, and then ramped into place.Great Pyramid
Photo, overview of the Sphinx
The Sphinx is another example of a Pharaoh (Khafre) demonstrating his power. The massive size and the head of Pharaoh Khafre on the body of a lion was intended to demonstrate the power of the pharaoh. Carved from stone at the site and stands at 65 feet tall. Pharaoh Khafre, c B.C. Diorite. 66 inches tall.
Of the materials used by the Egyptian, stone was the most plentiful and permanent Sculpture was often painted in vivid hues as well Cubic and frontal- echoes in its form the shape of the stone cube or block from which it was fashioned, The front of almost every statue is the most important part and the figure sits or stands facing strictly to the front Ancient Egyptian Sculpture Statues in the round usually depicted the gods, Pharaohs, or civic officials, and were composed with special reference to the maintenance of straight lines Sculpture In the Round Bust of Nefertiti
Seated Scribe Seated Man Sebek em hat
The Large Sphinx Found at Tanis Pink granite
Virtually all the wall-sculptures of the Ancient Egyptian Empire are in the form of bas-relief (low-relief) Relief-composition merely meant arranging the figures in horizontal lines so as to record an event or represent an action. The principal figures were distinguished from others by their size - gods were shown larger than men, kings larger than their followers, and the dead larger than the living. Relief Sculpture
Ancient Egyptian Pottery Pottery was used by the ancient Egyptians in much the same way we use modern kitchen containers or plastic, Two distinct Types Nile silt ware - Nile clay. After being fired, it has a red-brown color. This type of pottery was used for common, utilitarian purposes, though at times it might have been decorated or painted. Blue painted pottery was somewhat common during the New Kingdom (1,550-1,069 BC). Marl Clay – made from material found around Qena in Upper Egypt. This type of pottery was usually thought superior to the common Nile mud pottery, and so it was often used for decorative and other functions.
Egyptian, Burial Mask of King Tutankhamen, gold and inlaid stones, Cairo Museum, Egypt.Mask of King Tutankhameninlaid stones Ancient Egyptian Funerary Masks & Coffins and Jewelry
The ancient Egyptians placed great importance on the religious significance of certain sacred objects, which was heavily reflected in their jewelry motifs 19th Dynasty inlaid diadem, or wig Tutanhkamun lapis scarab Tutanhkamun pendant
Ancient Egyptian Style of Art - Why it remained unchanged for over 3000 years. Video Presentation: :
Art of Egypt Found out more on Ancient Egyptian Art using these links: The British Museum – Ancient Egyptian Exhibition Ancient Egyptian Civilization