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StAIR by Danielle Bigi Minerals and rocks are both solid substances that are made from earth materials. However, there are some important differences.

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Presentation on theme: "StAIR by Danielle Bigi Minerals and rocks are both solid substances that are made from earth materials. However, there are some important differences."— Presentation transcript:

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2 StAIR by Danielle Bigi

3 Minerals and rocks are both solid substances that are made from earth materials. However, there are some important differences between minerals and rocks. Minerals Rocks

4  A mineral is a solid substance that is made of only one earth-made material.  Minerals can be broken apart, but there is only one material in them. If broken apart, all the parts will still look the same. Learn about Rocks Watch a video about minerals and rocks Watch a video about minerals and rocks

5  Rocks are solid substances made of two or more minerals.  Rocks can be broken apart into the different minerals, or materials, in them. If broken apart, it will be possible to distinguish the different minerals inside the rock from one another. Learn About Minerals Watch a video about minerals and rocks Watch a video about minerals and rocks

6 Click to on the video clip to watch it! Test Your Knowledge of Minerals and Rocks Test Your Knowledge of Minerals and Rocks

7 This object is made of two or more earth-made materials. Is it a mineral or rock? Mineral Rock

8  Remember that a rock is made of two or more minerals (earth-made materials). Try Again!

9  Remember that rocks are made of two or more different minerals and that minerals are made of only one earth-made material Click to go on to the next slide

10  It is possible to break this object into separate parts that look and are different than one another. Is this a mineral or rock? Mineral Rock

11  Remember, it is not possible to break a mineral into separate earth-made materials because it is only made of one material. If a mineral is broken apart, all of the pieces will look the same. Try Again!

12  Rocks can be broken apart into the different minerals, or materials, in them. If broken apart, it will be possible to distinguish the different minerals inside the rock from one another.  Minerals can be broken apart, but there is only one material in them. If broken apart, all the parts will still look the same. Click to go to the next slide

13  There are three different types of rocks that all have unique properties. They are: ◦ Sedimentary ◦ Igneous ◦ Metamorphic Click on a button explore each of the three types of rocks Sedimentary Igneous Metamorphic Rocks

14  Sedimentary rocks are made of layers  They can have fossils in them  This type of rock is often found near water Igneous Metamorphic Rocks Watch a Rock Cycle Video

15  Igneous rocks are made from lava  They form when lava cools and hardens Sedimentary Metamorphic Rocks Watch a Rock Cycle Video

16  Metamorphic rocks are made from sedimentary or igneous rocks  They form when one of the other two types of rocks (sedimentary or igneous) is changed by pressure, heat, or chemicals Sedimentary Igneous Rocks Watch a Rock Cycle Video

17 Take the Types of Rocks Quiz Click on the video clip to watch it! Rocks

18  This type of rock is made when lava cools and hardens.  Is it sedimentary, igneous, or metamorphic? Sedimentary Igneous Metamorphic Rocks

19  Remember, igneous rocks are made when lava cools. Click to try again! Rocks

20  Igneous rocks are formed when lava cools and hardens Click to go on to the next question Rocks

21  This type of rock is made when one of the other types is changed by pressure, heat, or chemicals.  Is it sedimentary, igneous, or metamorphic? Sedimentary Igneous Metamorphic Rocks

22  Remember, metamorphic rocks are created when sedimentary or igneous rocks are changed by pressure, heat, or chemicals Try again! Rocks

23  Metamorphic rocks are created when sedimentary or igneous rocks are changed by pressure, heat, or chemicals Click to go on to the next question Rocks

24  This type of rock is often found near water, has layers, and can have fossils in it.  Is it sedimentary, igneous, or metamorphic? Sedimentary Igneous Metamorphic Rocks

25  Remember, sedimentary rocks are often found near water, have layers, and may contain fossils Click to try again! Rocks

26  Sedimentary rocks are often found near water, have layers, and may contain fossils Click to learn a song about the three types of rocks! Rocks

27  Use this song (sung to the tune of Row, Row, Row Your Boat) to help you remember the differences between the three types of rocks Are you ready to learn the song? Click Here Rocks

28 Sedimentary rock has been formed in layers Often found near water sources With fossils from decayers Then there’s Igneous rock Here since Earth was born Molten lava, cooled and hardened That’s how it is formed These two types of rocks can also be transformed With pressure, heat, and chemicals Metamorphic they’ll become Rocks Click to go to the next slide

29 Click to the video clip to watch it! Click to go to the next slide Rocks

30  Now that you know more about minerals and rocks, try to identify the minerals and rocks on the following pages Test your knowledge! Rocks

31  Obsidian is a rock that is made from lava that hardens and cools.  What type of rock is obsidian? Sedimentary Igneous Metamorphic Start of quiz

32  Remember, igneous rocks are made when lava cools. Click to Try again! Start of quiz

33  Obsidian is an igneous rock because it, like all other igneous rocks, is formed from lava cooling and hardening. Click to go to the next slide Start of quiz

34  Clay is made of only one earth-made material.  When it is split apart, all the parts are still the same.  It is a mineral or rock? Mineral Rock Start of quiz

35  Remember, minerals are made of only one earth-made material. When they are broken apart, all of the parts are still the same. Click to try again! Start of quiz

36  Clay, like all minerals, is made of only one earth-made material. When they are broken apart, all of the parts are still the same. Click to go to the next slide Start of quiz

37  Marble is created when one of the other two types of rocks is changed by pressure, heat, or chemicals.  Is marble a sedimentary, igneous, or metamorphic rock? Sedimentary Igneous Metamorphic Start of quiz

38  Remember, metamorphic rocks are formed when sedimentary or igneous rocks are changed by pressure, heat, or chemicals. Click to try again! Start of quiz

39  Marble, like all metamorphic rocks, is formed when sedimentary or igneous rocks are changed by pressure, heat, or chemicals. Click to go on to the next question Start of quiz

40  Limestone often has fossils inside it as seen in this picture.  What type of rock is limestone? Sedimentary Igneous Metamorphic Start of quiz

41  Remember, sedimentary rocks often have fossils in them. Click to try again Start of quiz

42  Limestone, like many other sedimentary rocks, has fossils in it. Click to go to the next slide Start of quiz

43  Sandstone is made of two or more earth- made materials.  When it is broken apart, it is possible to pick out the different materials that make up the sandstone.  Is sandstone a mineral or rock? Mineral Rock Start of quiz

44  Remember, rocks have two or more earth- made materials inside them. When they are broken apart, it is possible to pick out the different minerals that make up the rocks. Click to try again Start of quiz

45  Sandstone, like all rocks, has two or more earth-made materials inside it. When they are broken apart, it is possible to pick out the different minerals that make up the rocks. Click to go on to the next slide Start of quiz

46  Shale is a rock that has many different layers.  Is it a sedimentary, igneous, or metamorphic rock? Sedimentary Igneous Metamorphic Start of quiz

47  Remember, sedimentary rocks are often formed in layers. Click to try again Start of quiz

48  Shale, like many other sedimentary rocks, is often formed in layers. Click to go on to the next slide Start of quiz

49  You are now an expert on minerals and rocks!


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