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Miss Napolitano 3 rd grade Science. Earth Science The branch of science dealing with the constitution of the earth and its atmosphere.

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Presentation on theme: "Miss Napolitano 3 rd grade Science. Earth Science The branch of science dealing with the constitution of the earth and its atmosphere."— Presentation transcript:

1 Miss Napolitano 3 rd grade Science

2 Earth Science The branch of science dealing with the constitution of the earth and its atmosphere.

3 Earth Science Basics AtmosphereRocks Minerals MeteorologyGeology Mineralogy

4 What’s the Difference?

5 Rock vs. Mineral

6 “the solid material forming the Earth”

7 Forms when molten, or melted, Earth Rocks cool and harden A very hot mixture of melted minerals and gases Different kinds of igneous rock can form depending on how quickly or how slowly the rocks melt Usually found near volcanoes or hot underwater vents Dark and smooth or rough with many different colors On location with Igneous Rocklocation Granite

8 Morph: means change in form Forms when great heat or pressure inside the Earth change an existing rock into a new form Marble

9 Sediment: tiny bits of rock, sand, shells, and other materials Formed in locations near water at one point in time Made of small pieces of rocks or sediment When these different materials are pressed or cemented together, sedimentary rock forms Type of rock in which fossils are found

10 Fossils Found in Sedimentary Rock Fossils: Remains left by plants and animals that lived long ago. They were buried in mud or sand that hardened into rock over millions of years. Fossils are only found in sedimentary rocks.

11 Locations of the 3 Rock Types Check out these videos about how rock types are formed!

12 Rock Formation The Rock Cycle

13 Characteristics of Minerals Made from natural, nonliving materials Cover all of Earth’s surface Also found inside our bodies Stable at room temperature Approx 4,000 known minerals 100 are common Made from natural, nonliving materials Cover all of Earth’s surface Also found inside our bodies Stable at room temperature Approx 4,000 known minerals 100 are common Brain Pop Mineral Identification Identification

14 Mineral Identification Color Hardness Specific Gravity Cleavage Fracture Luster Streak Special Properties Color Hardness Specific Gravity Cleavage Fracture Luster Streak Special Properties Color Mohs Scale Density How it splits How it breaks Shininess Crushed color Magnetic, Acid sensitive Color Mohs Scale Density How it splits How it breaks Shininess Crushed color Magnetic, Acid sensitive

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16 Open the mineral kit and chose 1 mineral Lets pretend to be mineralogists and complete tests to figure out what mineral we have! Open the mineral kit and chose 1 mineral Lets pretend to be mineralogists and complete tests to figure out what mineral we have! 1.Color 2.Hardness 3.Luster 4.Special Properties

17 Mineral Characteristics Color – Use specific names to describe the color Hardness – What happens when the mineral is scratched with your fingernail? A penny? A nail? Luster – How shiny is your mineral? When you use a flashlight, what does it look like? Special Properties – Is it magnetic? We use these four things to put minerals into groups, or categories.

18 Luster Vocab

19 Layers of Soil What is Soil, really? really

20 Types of rock formation Ecuadorian volcano eruption volcano-lex/ Syracuse Lava experiment Volcanic lava flow nt-natural-disasters/volcanoes/volcano-lava/ nt-natural-disasters/volcanoes/volcano-lava/


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