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NASA video The Rock Cycle.

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Presentation on theme: "NASA video The Rock Cycle."— Presentation transcript:

1 NASA video The Rock Cycle

2 The three types of rocks
Igneous sedimentary Metamorphic All types of rock are subject to processes that change one rock type into another.

3 Igneous Rocks Formed from cooled and solidified magma Intrustive
formed from the cooling of magma within the earth’s crust Cools and hardens slowly Coarse grained- forms large, well-developed crystals Extrusive melted rock that hardens on the earth’s surface Lava cools rapidly fine grained rocks


5 Composition of Igneous Rocks
Felsic- Rocks in the granite family Light colored High silica content Low magnesium and iron content Mafic- Rocks in the basalt family dark colored lower silica content high mg and fe content Andesitic - Medium Silica Green, grey, or brown

6 Sedimentary Rocks rock formed from the debris of both other rocks and living matter. 90% of the earth’s crust is made from igneous rock, but 75% of the world’s land surface is covered with thin layers of debris or sediments. These sediments settle on the beds of oceans, lakes, and rivers, and recompacted over millions of years to form sedimentary rock.

7 How are Sedimentary Rocks Formed?
DIAGENESIS- the process that turns loose sediments into rock  COMPACTION- the slow squeezing of sediment to form hard rock CEMENTATION- The binding together of compacted sediments by chemicals like calcite, silica, and iron


9 3 types of Sedimentary Rock:
CLASTIC- form from rock fragments weathered and eroded by glaciers, wind, rivers, and waves. ORGANIC- rock made from the remains of plants and animals CHEMICAL- rock made from chemicals dissolved in water

10 BEDDING PLANE- a boundary between one layer of sedimentary rock and another

11 Metamorphic Rocks formed from other rocks as a result of intense heat, pressure, and chemical processes most form deep beneath the surface of the earth formed from existing igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic rock

12 Types of metamorphic formation:
 Contact metamorphism: when hot magma pushes through existing rock, changing the structure and composition of the rock. Only rocks near the magma are changed. Regional metamorphism: movement of one tectonic plate against another causes heat and pressure, affecting rocks over an area of many thousands of kilometers

13 Types of metamorphic rocks:
 Foliated: show visible parallel bands of minerals ex: slate, schist  Unfoliated: no bands of crystals ex: quartzite, marble

14 animation Interactive animation

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