3 Appalachian Region Southeastern USA to Maritimes Varied landscape of rolling hills, valleys, small mountains, highlands and coastal fjordsWhat is left of an older mountain range worn down by glaciers and millions of years of erosionSedimentary rockIgneous rockMetamorphic rock
5 Canadian Shield Region ½ of Canada’s land surfaceHardest rigid blocks, surrounded by younger continental landformsOnce volcanic mountain range2 billion years oldSparcely populated, little soil fertilityFull of valuable minerals: gold, nickel, platinum, diamonds etc.
7 St. Lawrence Lowlands Between Lake Huron, Erie and Ontario Glacial melt created great lake and fertile soil surrounding St. LawrenceNiagara Falls – created by glacier activityMillions of years ago.
8 Interior Plains Stretched from Cordillera mountians to Canadian shield Mostly flat land rolling hills and river valleysMillions of years ago was tropical climate – over time remains pressed between sedimentary layers to form large deposits of fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas and evaorites such as potashEvaporite – type of sedimentary deposit resulting from the evaporation of seawater
9 Cordillera Parallel mountain ranges Rocky and Coastal mountains Includes dormant volcanoes, glaciers, ice fieldsRocky and Coastal mountainsFormed by plate collision caused the earth’s crust to buckle, pushing and folding volcanic rock into mountains.Plate movement called plate tectonics
10 Climates of CanadaClimate - temperatures, humidity, rainfall, and atmospheric conditions of a region over a long period of timeContinental climate – climate of continents interiorMaritime climate – a coastal climateConditions that affect Canada’s regions (old p.104, new p.25)LatitudeAltitudeDistance from the seaWind directionOcean directionPrince Rupert, Edmonton, and St.John’s are all app. same latitude, yet have different climates. What are the main reason the climate of each city is different from the other two?
11 Climographs (old p.105, new p.26) precipitation and temperature Precipitation - Rainfall, snow, hail and fog – varies by regionClimographs – show average monthly temp. with line graph and monthly precipitation with bar graph
12 Climate ChangePast 200 years world’s become more industrialized and burns massive amounts of fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) - trapped green house gases in atmosphereGreenhouse effect – change of weather patternsList 3 impacts climate change has had on your community. In what ways has if affected you and your family? (socially, economicaly, politically?)