2 1. The Steps of any rock becoming a sedimentary rock are: Sedimentary Rock Steps:Weathering – breaking rock into smaller pieces or fragments of rock called sediment.Erosion – moving smaller pieces from one place to another.Strata – deposited in layers that continue to cover older layers.Compacted – older layers are compressed/packed in on top of by other layers.Cementation – a natural cementing that binds the rock and mineral fragments together into a sedimentary rock.
3 2. Weathering can break down a rock into smaller pieces by… WindWaterIcesunlightgravity
4 3. Sedimentary rock forms ___ or ____ Earth’s surface 3. Sedimentary rock forms ___ or ____ Earth’s surface. The ___ and ___ used to make sedimentary rock is much less than what it takes to make an igneous or metamorphic rock.AtNearHeatpressure
5 4. The most noticeable feature of a sedimentary rock is its _____ or ____, which is a ____, ______ layer of rock that is visible from a distance.LayersStrataSinglehorizontal
7 p. 105: Stratification is…The process in which sedimentary rocks are arranged in layers.
8 5. Sedimentary rocks are classified by the way they _____ 5. Sedimentary rocks are classified by the way they _____. There are ____ ways a sedimentary rock can form.FormThree (3)
9 Clastic Sedimentary Rock Made of fragments of rocks cemented together.Coarse Grain Example: ConglomerateMedium Grain Example: sandstone, siltstoneFine Grain Example: shale
10 Chemical Sedimentary Rock Forms from solutions of dissolved minerals and water.Example: Halite
11 Organic Sedimentary Rock Forms from the remains of plants and animals that once lived in the ocean.A fossil is a skeleton or imprint of the remains of plants or animals from long ago.Examples:Fossiliferous limestone& coal.