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ROCK CYCLE – SEDIMENTARY NOTES Brought to you by: Mr. Henderson
Formation Process of changing rocks due to… Weathering (breakdown of rock) Erosion (movement of weathered material) Compaction of these sediments and cementation with CaCO 3 or SiO 2
Types of Sedimentary Rocks Clastic – based on grain size Very fine – clay Fine - silt
Types of Sedimentary Rocks – Cont’d. Coarse – sand Moderate – Arkose Pebble – Conglomerate Boulder
Types of Sedimentary Rocks – Cont’d. Chemical – due to a chemical process or organic material being present Rock Salt
Evaporate – due to the evaporation of water Biochemical – organic material such as decaying flora present Types of Sedimentary Rocks – Cont’d. Coal Gypsum
Lechuguilla Cave – Gypsum Crystals
Reactive – effervescence in presence of acid Types of Sedimentary Rocks – Cont’d.
Chapter 4 - Rocks What can be learned by studying rocks… We can learn mo better about earth. So what is a rock??? Its a mixture of 1 or more minerals.
SEDIMENTARY ROCKS. Classification of Rocks 4 Rocks are aggregates of minerals. Geologists divide rocks into three groups: igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary.
Sedimentary Rocks. 1) Formation of Sedimentary Rocks- Sediments- loose materials such as rock fragments, mineral grains, and bits of shell that have been.
Sedimentary Rocks Rocks made of bits & pieces of other rocks.
Unit 3 Rocks, Soil, Erosion and Mass Movements Including the Geological History of North Carolina!
Answer the following questions about the picture to the right: How and where did this rock cool? What minerals might it be made up of? Make sure to explain.
Rocks Chapter 4. What is a rock? Rock Mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, organic material, or other natural materials.
The Rock Cycle Thinking about relationships among the major rock groups.
Rocks and the Rock Cycle. Lets Review!! Grains Grains Texture Texture Extrusive Extrusive Intrusive Intrusive Porphyritic Porphyritic Sediment Sediment.
1 T or F - Metamorphic rocks are formed deep in the crust.
Rocks and the Rock Cycle. Objective Students will be able to explain how the 3 major types of rocks form Standard 3c – explain the properties of rocks.
The Rock Cycle Relationships among the major rock groups.
Chapter Review Menu Key Concept Summary Interactive Concept Map Chapter Review Standardized Test Practice.
Inside Earth Chapter 5 Rocks Review and Reinforce Worksheet Answer Keys.
Geology Part II The Rock Cycle Rocks: –Igneous –Sedimentary –Metamorphic Geologic Profiles Geologic Time –Relative –Absolute –Radioactive Dating.
Elements in Earth Science Each element is made of atoms that are the same Each atom is made of protons, neutrons, and electrons.
What is a Rock? Naturally-occurring mixtures of minerals, mineraloids (no crystals), or organic matter. Naturally-occurring mixtures of minerals, mineraloids.
Ch 3 Notes Mr. Russo Beaumont High School. Ch 3 Vocab Matrix – Pg 30 Igneous Rock Lava Magma Weathering Sediments Sedimentary Rock Metamorphic Rock Intrusive.
Chapter 3 Rocks. Rock – any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter that occurs naturally as part of our planet –Usually solid mixtures of minerals.
I. Minerals and Rocks A. Early Earth 1. Early surface was a violent place 2. Full of molten lava and no atmosphere; it took time for Earth to cool and.
Liz LaRosa 2010http://www.middleschoolscience.com Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted.
Chapter 8: Rocks and Minerals Section 2: Rocks Section 3: Rock Cycle.
Chapter Introduction How do the three main types of rocks form?
What is a rock?. A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals or organic matter.
How Geologists Classify Rocks. Geologist classify according to TEXTURE Texture is the look and feel of a rock’s surface. Texture can be described as –
The Rock Cycle One kind of rock turns into another which turns into another which turns into another which turns into another.
Earth Science- Environments Scientific Question of the Day.
What are the characteristics of rocks? The types of rocks are : Igneous -Igneous rocks are formed from melted rock that has cooled and solidified rocks.
Weathering and Erosion. Weathering The breakdown do the materials of Earths crust into smaller pieces.
SOIL Soil provides support and nutrients for plant growth.
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