Presentation on theme: "Sedimentary Rocks. Origin Comprise 75% of the Earth’s surface Formed when sediments become compacted and cemented together Usually has layers called."— Presentation transcript:
Origin Comprise 75% of the Earth’s surface Formed when sediments become compacted and cemented together Usually has layers called strata The highest layer has the least pressure. The lowest layer has the most pressure.
Compaction What does compaction mean? –Layer upon layer of sediment builds up and the pressure from the upper layers pushes down on the lower layers. –Only SMALL sediments will stick together to form rock
Cementation What does it mean? –Water soaks through soil and rock. The water dissolves minerals in soil and rock. –The solution of minerals and water moves between the sediments. –The sediments stick together when the minerals crystallize. –Common with LARGE sediments
Classification Sedimentary rocks are classified in 3 ways… 1. Clastic Sedimentary Rocks 2. Chemical Sedimentary Rocks 3. Organic Sedimentary Rocks It’s by the way they are formed!!! WHAT?
Clastic Sedimentary Rock Made from broken fragments of other rocks. –Conglomerate = large/round fragments –Breccia = large/sharp fragments BrecciaConglomerate
Chemical Sedimentary Rock Formed from minerals crystallizing out of a solution The solution is made of minerals and water. Halite (Rock Salt)
Organic Sedimentary Rock Rocks formed from once-living (organic!) things. Organic Limestone Ocean animals called coral create huge deposits of limestone. As they die, their skeletons collect on the ocean floor.
Stratification The process in which sedimentary rocks are arranged in layers.