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Sedimentary Rock 12/4/13 4-3 pgs. 91-94 IN: Describe how igneous rock is classified. Put your DRW on the box
I GNEOUS R OCK - T EXTURE AND COMPOSITION Texture – where the magma cools Intrusive – coarse grained Extrusive – fine grained
I GNEOUS R OCK - T EXTURE AND COMPOSITION Composition – color Felsic – light colored less dense Mafic – dark colored more dense
H OW DOES SEDIMENTARY ROCK FORM ? 1. Weathering and erosion creates sediment followed by, 2. compaction and cementation forms sedimentary rock.
W EATHERING Wind, water, ice, sunlight, and gravity all cause rock to weather into fragments. These small fragments are called sediment.
E ROSION Sediments are transported from one place to another. rivers
C OMPACTION The layers eventually become compacted.
C EMENTATION Dissolved minerals separate out of the water to form a natural glue that binds the sediments together.
Strata - the layers of sedimentary rock that form from the deposition of sediment.
S EDIMENTARY ROCK Form at or near the Earth’s surface. Their physical features tell part of Earth’s history.
S TRATA Sometimes records the motion of wind and water waves.
C OMPOSITION 1. Clastic 2. Chemical 3. Organic
C LASTIC SEDIMENTARY ROCK Forms when rock or mineral fragments, called clasts, stick together. sandstone Names of clastic sedimentary rock are based on grain size.
C HEMICAL SEDIMENTARY ROCK Forms when minerals crystallize out of a solution, such as sea water, to become rock. limestone
O RGANIC SEDIMENTARY ROCK Forms from the remains of organisms. fossiliferous limestone
T EXTURE Stratification - the layering of rock. Strata differ from one another depending on the kind, size, and color of their sediment.
C ONGLOMERATE Sedimentary rock that resembles concrete. Clastic Coarse-grained
S ANDSTONE Sedimentary rock formed from sand. Clastic Coarse-grained
S HALE Sedimentary rock also known as mudstone. Clastic Fine-grained
F OSSILIFEROUS L IMESTONE Sedimentary rock made from shells and coral. Organic
C OAL Sedimentary rock made from fossilized carbon Organic
OUT: Describe the process by which clastic sedimentary rock forms.
Sedimentary Rock 12/2/ pgs IN: What are the two compositional classifications for igneous rocks? How can you determine their texture? Which.
Chapter 4 Section 3 Sedimentary Rocks. What You Will Learn Describe the origin of sedimentary rock. Describe the three main categories of sedimentary.
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Sedimentary Rock (pg.30) Strata Rock that formed through a sequence of processes: weathering, erosion, deposition, compaction and cementation. –weathering:
Rocks, Rock! Mineral and Rock Vocabulary. Rock Rock is a solid mixture of crystals of one or more minerals Rocks are categorized into 3 types on how they.
Sedimentary Rocks Cornell Notes pg How do Sedimentary Rocks form? Small rocks, sand, and other sediment are deposited in thick layers. Over time,
Chapter 2 Rocks: Mineral Mixtures. Section 1 The Rock Cycle.
Sedimentary Rock Notes pp The Steps of any rock becoming a sedimentary rock are: Sedimentary Rock Steps: a.Weathering – breaking rock into.
Sedimentary Rock Notes. Weathering Weathering is a process that breaks down preexisting rocks into sediment. – Caused by Wind Water Ice Sunlight Gravity.
Rocks: Mineral Mixtures Chapter 4. Rock Definition Solid mixture of one or more minerals.
I GNEOUS AND S EDIMENTARY R OCK S TUDY G UIDE 1. Minerals and other materials 2. Rock particles cemented together 3. It has randomly arranges large grains.
CHAPTER 14 ROCKS: MINERAL MIXTURES Rocks change through a process called the Rock Cycle and rocks are classified by how they form, by what they are made.
September 15, Bentonite, a form of clay composed of very fine silicate crystals, has a wide variety of applications. Some forms can expand as much.
Sedimentary Rocks. Formation of Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary rock forms at or near the surface, when sediments are pressed and cemented together, or.
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J OURNAL #43 Explain the difference between coarse-grained and fine-grained igneous rock. Describe the process of compaction and cementation. (Refer to.
Rocks Review Game. A naturally occurring, solid mixture of one or ore minerals and organic matter.
< BackNext >PreviewMain The Rock Cycle Chapter 4 Key PointsNotes What is a rock? Composition Texture.
Rocks 6.E.2.1 Summarize the structure of the Earth, including the layers, the mantle and core based on the relative position, composition and density.
Rocks are naturally occurring solid mixtures of one or more minerals or organic matter.
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Earth Science 3.3 S edimentary Rocks. S edimentary Rocks begin to form when existing rocks are broken down into sediments. These sediments, which.
Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted. A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks are.
Chapter 14 Ch. 14: The Rock Cycle Rock a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals or organic matter. Rock Cycle- The Process by which.
Review for Rock Study Guide. Rock Rock is naturally occurring solid of one or more minerals or organic materials Sediments are all rocks that have been.
Classifying Rocks Geologists observe: 1.Mineral composition 2.Color 3.Texture a. Grain size b. Grain shape c. Grain pattern.
Oh Rocks, rocks, how do I love you? Let me count the ways. Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks.
Unit 1: Sixth Grade. Wind, water, ice, sunlight, and gravity cause rocks to weather into sediments. These sediments are moved from one location to.
Types of Rock Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted
Chapter Three ROCKS. Section 3-1 Classifying Rocks When studying a rock sample, geologists observe the rock’s color and texture and determine its mineral.
There are 3 Major Rock Groups. There are 3 Major (Geologic) Rock Groups Not the Rolling Stones, Kiss, or Van Halen 1. Igneous Rock 2. Sedimentary Rock.
Sedimentary Rock Strata layers of rock. Stratification The process in which sedimentary rocks are arranged in layers. Holt Visual Sedimentary Rock Cycle.
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Igneous Rocks. What is an igneous rock? Born from fire Any rock that forms from magma or lava Most contain mineral crystals.
Chapter 4 Rocks. Why must scientists who study rocks look at the inside of them? Because the outside surfaces have been exposed to the effects of ice,
To analyze and describe the types of rocks that appear on Earth.
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How is this different from the other 2?? Ever played with sand?? Sedimentary Rock.
Unit 3 Lesson 3 Three Classes of Rock Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.
Aim: How do sedimentary rocks form? Do Now: Using your ESRT page 6, list the type(s) of rocks that can become sedimentary rocks.
What is a sedimentary rock? Sedimentary rocks are formed from the compaction and cementation of sediment. The processes of weathering and erosion break.
When studying a rock sample, geologists observe three things: Mineral Composition Color Texture.
Different Types of Rocks 6 th Grade. How do Rocks form? Igneous Rocks: forms from the cooling of magma or lava Sedimentary Rocks: forms when particles.
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