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Associate Professor Jaruphan Supprung Dean of the Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University The Relationship between the Palaces.

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Presentation on theme: "Associate Professor Jaruphan Supprung Dean of the Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University The Relationship between the Palaces."— Presentation transcript:

1 Associate Professor Jaruphan Supprung Dean of the Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University The Relationship between the Palaces and the Buddhist Temples in Rattanakosin Period: Study on Wat Rajadhivas Vihara The Grand Palace of Kingdom of Thailand Wat Prasrirattana Sasadaram or Temple of Emerald Buddha within the Grand Palace

2 Crisis of values & ethical behaviors in Thailand today Foreign culture Mass media & Information technology flow through no filtering & selection : good or not Thai people (especially youths & children) Social institutions (families, religions & schools) neglect their duties decline of virtuousness, morality, ethics & potential development

3 Reasons for conducting this research The knowledge gained from this systematic research displayed on mass media and information technology, will be beneficial to Thai people’s lifelong learning Thais can also take pride of Thai elegant works of art created by the “Palaces” (Chakri Kings & the Royalty) in the royal Buddhist temples and Wat Rajadhivas Vihara Thais are being loyal to the “Palaces”

4 A suitable case study of Wat Rajadhivas Vihara Located on the east Bank of the Chao Phraya River Very old Buddhist temple named Wat Samorai Was renamed “Wat Rajadhivas Vihara” by King Rama IV because It was monk residence of his father-King Rama II, his younger uncle-Maha Senanurak the front palace and himself This royal Buddhist temple was always restored under royal patronage of the “Palaces” from the reign of King Rama I to the present reign of King Rama IX

5 Research Objectives To study the relationship between the “Palaces” and the Buddhist Temples in Rattanakosin Period 1 2 To study the relationship between the “Palaces” and Wat Rajadhivas Vihara in Rattanakosin Period

6 Research Methodology : All steps are made by the researcher Data collection Documentary studies In National Library & National Archive Field studies at Wat Rajadhivas Vihara Qualitative data analysis and interpretation Without variable control Presentation of the analysis results and research results By descriptive writing with pictures

7 Research Results The relationship between the “Palaces” and the Buddhist temples in Rattanakosin Period Wat Prasrirattana Sasadaram 9 Kings of Chari Dynasty

8 Rattanakosin Period King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke the Great or King Rama I (6 April September 1809) The first monarch of Chakri Dynasty He founded the new capital : Rattanakosin His wishes - patronized Buddhism - protected the Kingdom - looked after people and nobilities He realized the importance of the Palaces and the Buddhist temples : cannot be separated and need to be dependable The importance of the Buddhist temples : - community halls - schools - centers of Art works - centers of Buddhist thought - places of everybody’s participation - monks were the community leaders

9 King Rama I’ s Buddhist activities Sorted out the scriptures Regulated the ecclesiastical laws Built/restored many Buddhist temples These activities were followed respectively by the later kings of Chakri Dynasty The “Palaces” (Chakri Kings and the Royalty) began the relationship with the Buddhist temples

10 The “Palaces” have close relationship with the Buddhist temples that were established or were regarded by the Kings as the royal temples about 290 royal temples on 2008 A.D. Wat Prasrirattana Sasadaram within the Grand Palace is the first royal temple of Rattanakosin period The “Palaces” have closer relationship with 8 royal temples such as being regarded as the official “Temple of King Rama” The relationship in Rattanakosin Period

11 8 Temples of King Rama Wat Phrachetuphon Wimonmangkhalaram Temple of King Rama I Wat Arunrajawararam Temple of King Rama II

12 8 Temples of King Rama Wat Rajorasaram Temple of King Rama III The golden reign of Buddhism Wat Rajapradit Sathitmahasimaram Temple of King Rama IV

13 8 Temples of King Rama Wat Rajabopit Sathitmahasimaram Temple of King Rama V and Temple of King Rama VII Wat Bowornniwet Vihara Temple of King Rama VI

14 8 Temples of King Rama Wat Suthattepwararam Temple of King Rama VIII Wat Rama IX Kanchanapisek Temple of King Rama IX

15 Annual Royal Kathin robes for only 16 royal temples presented by Chakri Kings or their representatives Wat Rajadhivas Vihara is one of these royal temples

16 Research Results The close relationship between the “Palaces” and Wat Rajadhivas Vihara in Rattanakosin Period 9 Kings of Chari Dynasty Wat Rajadhivas Vihara

17 Wat Rajadhivas Vihara and the “Palaces”  This royal Buddhist temple has always been restored under royal patronage of the “Palaces” in Rattanakosin Period  It has always been served as the royal shrine like the Temples of King Rama

18 The great rebuilding was made by King Rama V ordination hallpagoda

19 The great rebuilding was made by King Rama V sermon hallchapel

20 The buildings were made by King Rama VI Phra Vihara Phra Ayikared cubicle

21 The buildings were made by King Rama VII Phyathai royal residence row cubicle

22  It is important to study about the history of important royal Buddhist temples in Bangkok, especially their relationship with Thai Monarchy and record these findings to be historical evidences of these temples Wat Benchamabopith Dusitvanaram : rebuilt by King Rama V The most beautiful marble temple of Thailand The researcher’s suggestion

23  The responsible official unit must publicize these facts through mass media and information technology The researcher’s suggestion

24  These activities will be beneficial to all Thai people in terms of getting lifelong learning, appreciating the kindness of the “Palaces” and taking pride of Thai nationality The researcher’s suggestion KingBhumibolAdulyadej the Great


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