Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Nathanael Paulus Alvin Yi Rachel Cross Micaela Stewart Gregory Burr Kaylin Mendoza.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Nathanael Paulus Alvin Yi Rachel Cross Micaela Stewart Gregory Burr Kaylin Mendoza."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nathanael Paulus Alvin Yi Rachel Cross Micaela Stewart Gregory Burr Kaylin Mendoza

2  Mesopotamian Society  African Society  South Asian Society  East Asian Society  American Society  Greek and Roman Society

3  Early Societies  City States  Social Classes  Law Codes (Hammurabi)  Iron and Bronze  Kings and Nobles  Patriarchal System (Men head of household)

4

5  Phoenicians  Sargon of Akkad  Began career as a minister to the king of Kish  Controlled trade routes of raw materials  Made his Capital wealthiest city in the world  Reigned from 2370 BCE to 2315 BCE  Hammurabi  Centralized bureaucracy and regulated taxes  Invented Law Code: Hammurabi’s Code  Lex Talionis  Reigned from 1792 BCE to 1750 BCE  Assyrian Empire  Strengthened their armies  Created new Administering Techniques  New Babylon  Nebuchadnezzar  Reigned from 605 BCE to 562 BCE  Moved capital to Babylon  Built large city walls  Wide enough for a four horse chariot to turn around on  Constructed Hanging Gardens

6  Interregional trade  Irrigation  Later, the silk roads introduced trade with regions unknown to previous societies

7  Zoroastrianism  Manichaeism  Judaism  Later:  Christianity  Buddhism

8  Migrations  Semitic  Palistinian  Hittites  Indo-Europian  East and West and South  Patriarchal Society due to Hammurabi  Women under men

9  Bronze  More advanced tools and weapons  Iron  More advanced tools and weapons  The wheel  Allowed for chariots and carts to lighter workload  Shipbuilding  Allowed interregional trade over water  Trade Networks  Allowed interregional trade with other nations over land

10  Writing  Cuneiform  Wedges in clay to represent letters and words  Mathematics  Influenced agriculture and science alike  Epic of Gilgamesh  Man’s place in this world  Alphabet  Phoenician writing  Indo-European Languages  Sanskrit, Old Persian, Greek, Latin

11  Centralized government  Imperial Expansion  Patriarchal  Several Writing Systems  Hieroglyphic, hieratic, demotic, Coptic  Organized religion  Polytheistic

12

13  Egypt and Nubia  Strongly influenced each other in politics, economy, and intellectuality  Kingdom of Kush  Pharaohs sent campaigns to Nubia  Destroyed Nubian forces  Took control of Lower Nubia  The Old Kingdom  Constructed pyramids as royal tombs  Largest is Pyramid of Khufu  The Middle Kingdom  High agricultural productivity  Pharaohs regained power  Supervised relations with Nubians  The New Kingdom  Prosperous and Productive  Separate offices for politics, economy, agriculture, and foreign affairs  Hyksos  “Foreign Rulers”  Pressured the Egyptians

14  Climate Change  Effected agriculture  Nile River as a Resource  Allowed for irrigation in later years  Made land furtile  Trade with Nubia  Controlled and observed carefully  Bantu  Bananas Economy

15  Egypt  Amon and Re  Both Sun gods  Aten  Chiseled the names of Amon and Re out and replaced with Aten  Cult of Osiris  Osiris murdered by brother  Spread around Egypt then wife found parts and gave proper buriel  Other Regions  Polytheistic  Mummification

16  Migrations  Bantu  Brought iron, bananas, and cultures with them into Subsaharan Africa  Patriarchal

17  Bronze and Iron  Ships traveled along Nile  Traded with Nubia  Hieroglyphics  Meriotic Writing

18  Regional States  Caste System  Distinctive Religious Beliefs  Rich Literary Traditions  High Trade with other countries  Organized Religion

19

20  Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro  Two major cities  Aryans  Stronger Indo-European Migrants  Principalities  Mauryan  Gupta

21  Towns  Specialized Labor  Trade with other Regions  Guilds  Manufacturing  Trade: Silk, Cotton, Elephants

22  Polytheistic  Caste System  Brahman  Teaching of the Upanishads  Ritual Sacrifices  Jainism  Buddhism  Hinduism

23  Caste System  Low social mobility  Migrations  Aryan  Patriarchal

24  Philosophy  Technologies  Iron  silk

25  Statues  Paintings  Murals  Metal Crafting  Marble Sculptures

26  Mandate of Heaven  Writing  Extended families  Classes  Centralized Bureaucracy  Prosperous economy

27

28  Xia Dynasty about 2200BCE  Shang Dynasty 1766 to 1122 BCE  Zhou Dynasty 1122BCE to 256 BCE  Confucian schools of thought  Legalism  Qin Dynasty about  Han Dynasty 206BCE-220CE  Yellow Turban Rebellion in late 2 nd century CE

29  Cultivated Crops  Yellow River as Resource  Specialized labor  Iron Metallurgy  Merchants  Silk  Paper

30  Ancestry  Daoism  Legalism  Confucian Doctrines  Mencius and Xunzi  Scholars of Confucian Ideals

31  Migrants from Steppes  Patriarchal  Unstable  Confucian Ideas and Values  Doctrine of Wuwei  Ancestral Worship  Social Order  Ruling Elite  Laborers  Merchants  Peasants  Slaves

32  Bronze metallurgy  Horse drawn chariots  Zhou literature  Destruction of Early Chinese Literature  Book of Songs  Legalist Ideas  Standardized Script

33  Metal Sculptures  Writing is artistic  Wood Carvings

34  Elaborate Ceremonial Sites  Rich Artistic Legacy  Developed Sophisticated Knowledges  Well-integrated Society  Traded for goods

35  Olmecs  Maya  Teothuacan  Andean  Mochica  Australian Society

36  Early on  Gathering  Later  cultivation  Rubber trade

37  Human Sacrificing  Blood Letting Rituals  Over 80 Ceremonial sites

38  Calendar  Absolute Zero  Maya Writing  Austronomy

39  Greek  Democracy  Hundreds of cities  Contributions in literature and art  Philosophy  Socrates, Plato, Etc.  Roman  Republic  Elaborate Transportation  New Cities  Humanism

40

41

42  Greek  Democracy  Alexander of Macedon  Persian Wars  Athens/Sparta  Roman  Romulus and Remus  Patrician vs. Plebian  Punic Wars  Augustus

43  Greek  A lot of merchants and trade  Traded with Mediterranean basin  Roman  Commercial Agriculure  Trade with Mediterranean  Controlled Mediterranean trade

44  Greek  Polytheistic religion  Greek Mythology  Roman  Humanistic  Religions of Salvation  Mithraism

45  Greek  People had a say in government  Common literacy  Family Importance  Roman  Slavery  Social change

46  Greek  Philosophy  Olympic games  Roman  Aqueducts  Law  Roads

47  Greek  Sculptures of People  Columns  Pottery  Arches  Roman  Reliefs  Sculptures of Heros  Pillars  Paintings


Download ppt "Nathanael Paulus Alvin Yi Rachel Cross Micaela Stewart Gregory Burr Kaylin Mendoza."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google