1-3 SITUATION BEFORE READING READING VOCABULARY OR TERM EXTRA READING SENTENCE PATTERN LANGUAGE SKILL DIALOGUE WRITING GRAMMAR TIP GUIDE REMINDER Unit Five
1-4 SITUATION Home You are about to arrive at a tour spot on your trip, and you need to tell your group what this place is about. Tip: Inform them as simply and concisely as possible, as they are not students in your class.
1-5 SITUATION Home The beauty of water and rock in Shakadang Creek. 砂卡礑溪的水石之美 拍攝：游登良
1-6 BEFORE READING Home Find the Chinese originals of the following English translation of places in Taroko. a ► Tunnel of Nine Turns b ► Eternal Spring Shrine c ► Swallow Grotto d ► Jinheng Park e ► The Bridge of the Kind Mother f ► Tiansiang g ► Jhueilu Precipice h ► Lioufang Bridge i ► Hill of Yu the Great j ► Buluo Bay
1-7 BEFORE READING Home a. 九曲洞 b. 長春祠 c. 燕子 口 d. 靳珩公園 e. 慈母橋 f. 天祥 g. 錐麓斷崖 h. 流芳橋 i. 大禹 嶺 j. 布洛灣 The formation of Taroko gorge can be described by the following events, try to put them in correct chronic order. d. g, j, I, a, b, h, c,f
1-8 GUIDE REMINDER Home Taroko National Park Headquarters We will collect some travel information on Taroko in the hall of Taroko National Park Headquarters as it was established to educate and serve visitors to the park. 1 Reading Ⅰ
1-9 GUIDE REMINDER Home Shakadang Trail, Swallow Grotto and Eternal Spring Shrine Millions of years ago, the island of Taiwan was lifted by the collision of plates. In time, the marble rocks were exposed to constant wind blowing through the gorge, and were cut by a strong current of water, finally producing this natural wonder of Taroko Gorge. 1 Reading Ⅱ
1-10 GUIDE REMINDER Home Shakadang is an aboriginal name, referring to the discovery of animal teeth in ancient times by Atayal tribal people. The trail is about 4,500 meters, which allows you to be close to the clean, bright green- blue water and the marble riverbed. As the river cut deeper into the gorge, the holes which gradually formed by the erosion of the swift current of the Liwu River became visible above the water line, and so tourists today can view these interesting “rocks with the holes”, called Swallow Grotto. 2 3
1-11 GUIDE REMINDER Home The Eternal Spring Shrine (Changchun Shrine), where people can commemorate the 212 workers who were killed while building the gorge road (officially called the Central Cross-Island Highway). 4
1-12 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home Read the following words loudly with a teacher or on your own. Taroko National Park Headquarters hall -- A building used for the meetings, entertainments, or social activities. [ hCl ] n.
1-13 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home set up -- To establish. underground -- Under the surface of the earth. [ sGt Kp ] v. ['KndQ`ErA?nd ] n.
1-14 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home exhibit --To show something to others. exhibition -- A large-scale public showing. [ 0E'z0b0t ] v. [`GksD'b0NDn ] n.
1-15 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home interaction -- The act or process of acting with each other. ecosystem -- An ecological community, together with its environment, functioning as a unit. [ `0ntQ'$kNDn ] n. [ 'Gko`s0stDm] n.
1-16 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home conservation -- The protection, preservation, management, or restoration of wildlife and of natural resources such as forests soil, and water. multimedia -- The combined use of media, such as movies, music, lighting, CD-ROMs, and the Internet, for education or entertainment. [ `kAnsQ'veNDn ] n. [ mKlt0'mid0D ] n.
1-17 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home presentation -- The act of showing. brief -- To give instructions or preparatory information to. [`prizGn'teNDn] n. [ brif ] v.
1-18 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home souvenir -- A token to remember something from a trip. refresh -- To get regain energy from rest, food, or drink. ['s?vD`n0r ] n. [r0'frGN ] v.
1-19 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home Shakadang Trail, Swallow Grotto and Eternal Spring Shrine gorge -- A deep narrow passage with steep rocky sides. [ ECrdI] n.
1-20 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home breathtaking -- Feeling of sudden wonder or amazement. marble -- A kind of stone, irregular color on the surface, especially used in architecture and sculpture. [ 'brGL`tek0H] adj. [ 'mArbl ] n.
1-21 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home canyon -- A narrow chasm with steep cliff walls, cut into the earth by running water (chasm: a deep, steep-sided opening in the earth's surface); gorge. strength -- Capacity or potential for effective action. [ 'k$njDn ] n. [ strGHL] n.
1-22 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home collide -- To come together with violent, direct impact. plate -- One of the sections of the earth's surface, constantly moving in relation to the other sections. [ kD'lA0d ] v. [ plet ] n.
1-23 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home expose -- To subject or allow to be subjected to an action, influence, or condition. scenic -- Constituting or giving pleasing views of natural features. [ 0k'spoz ] v. [ 'sin0k ] adj.
1-24 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home grotto -- A small cave. erode -- To make or form by wearing away. ['ErAto ] n. [0'rod ] v.
1-25 VOCABULARY OR TERM Home ascent -- An upward slope. shrine -- A place at which devotion is paid to a dead person or god. [ D'sGnt ] n. [NA0n ] n.
1-26 SENTENCE PATTERN Home a. …millions/thousands/hundreds of …. Example: Millions of people have visited the shrine.
1-27 SENTENCE PATTERN Home b. be exposed by A…… A exposes B….. Example: The gold that was hidden in rock was eventually exposed by erosion. Erosion exposed the gold hidden in the rock.
1-28 SENTENCE PATTERN Home C...worthwhile…. Example: Studying English every day is a worthwhile learning activity.
1-29 SENTENCE PATTERN Home d. A be exposed to….. to expose A to Example: The iron was exposed to water and air by a worker. A worker exposes the iron to water and air.
1-30 LANGUAGE SKILL Home Remind your group of time and something. To remind your group of the time. 1. Excuse me! We will stay/stop here for 10 minutes. Please be back at the bus by 10:30. The restrooms are right in front of the bus…. 2. We will leave Hualien at 5 o’clock, and we will then drive to the national park. a
1-31 LANGUAGE SKILL Home To remind your group of something during the trip. 1. Please remember to take all your belongings with you. 2. We will stop at the parking space in front of the waterfall so you can take photographs. 3. We will stay here for two hours so that you may have the chance to rest and buy some souvenirs. b
1-32 GRAMMAR TIP Non-finite clause. The following verbs, which refer to the meaning of suggesting, demanding, insisting, or requiring, need to take a non-finite sentence as a complement. S1 ＋ that ＋ S2 ＋ (should) ＋ Verb(non-finite) Home prefer, resolve suggest, propose move, recommend advise, urge order, command ask, request demand, desire insist, decide
1-33 GRAMMAR TIP E. G. The guide suggests that we (should) meet at the shop after visiting the museum. ˇCharles proposes that the way to the gallery (should) be the short one. × Charles proposes that the way to the gallery is the short one. ˇ The stewardess demands that all passengers (should) f asten their seatbelts. × The stewardess demanded that all passengers fastened their seat belts. Home