Tattoo Tattoos: permenant ink markings placed just under the skin, having been common among societies for a long time. Though often used to identify people as criminals, tattoos have also been used as an expression of beauty, independence, identity and religion. Nowadays, some young people like to show they are special through tattoos.
Tattoo Meaning Teardrop (on face)years in prison (one drop for one year) cross or crucifixbelief in Christianity Heart (often with a person’s name in it) Love (of a person) dovepeace eagleLove of the country (in the US)
They are piercings. Piercings, holes driven through part of one’s body for the purpose of wearing jewelry, are an ancient form of expression that has special meaning in Western societies. It can be in the eyebrows, nose, tongue, navel, and other parts of the body.
How do you think of tattoos and piercings? And how about your parents’ idea?
Watch this video clip and find out the conflict ( 冲突 ) between Dad and Kid. Turn that noise off! … It’s too late and it’s too loud! But Dad, this is the best part! You are wasting your time with this garbage! … Dad: Kid: Dad: Listening Tips
Are there any differences between the music you like and that your parents like?
Differences between you and your parents Taste in music Taste in dressing Standards in making friends Opinions in make-up, education, etc …… Generation gap
When generation gap emerges, parents would show Deep Concern
Understanding Understanding Structure Analysis Structure Analysis Text study
Understanding The text shows us the generation gap between a daughter and her parents through their daily dialogues. Please find out their different attitudes towards the same items. Text Study—Understanding
Sandy: “I like that music, Dad; it’s my favorite. Listen for a minute; I’m sure you’ll like it.” Parents: It was weird and horrible stuff with offensive language. How did the parents react? (Rock music blasted forth) Text Study—Understanding
Wearing her old, green T-shirt and some jeans. Sandy : It was disgusting. Parents : Text Study—Understanding
Having breakfast while standing by the sink. Sandy: It wasn’t healthy to eat standing up. Parents: Text Study—Understanding
Sandy: “I’ll brush my teeth when I’m done.” She should brush her teeth as soon as she got up. Parents: Text Study—Understanding
Sandy: Wearing her makeup (such as eyeliner). Parents: “Too young to wear that much makeup.” All the girls at school did so. Some have tattoos... Text Study—Understanding
The Parents’ Thoughts Towards Sandy Father’s thoughts Mother’s thoughts _____________ __________ _______________ awful, tuneless, offensive; makes my blood boil; negative Different music appeals to different generations; I don’t think her music is so terrible. Text Study—Understanding Music:
Father’s thoughts Mother’s thoughts _______________ _______________ _______________ She is changing …; Who knows what will be next? ____________ biggest problem Conclusion: We need to have a talk with Sandy. Text Study—Understanding Makeup & Tattoos
II. Structure Analysis The Writing Method of the Passage: Sequenced Order—describing a series of actions according to the time when they happened. In a passage developed in this way, readers will find time markers to connect sequenced actions. Text Study—Structure Analysis
The radio clicked on. Rock music blasted forth. Like a shot, the music woke Sandy. She looked at the clock; it was 6:15 A.M. Sandy sang along with the words as she lay listening to her favorite radio station. (Para. 1) It was 6:15 A.M. Time marker: Text Study—Structure Analysis
More time markers in the text: After her shower… Then… Just then… After Sandy had left for school… Soon… As Jane Finch drove to work… Text Study—Structure Analysis
Focus Study Focus Study Active Expressions Active Expressions Notes to the Text
1. Why do you have to listen to such horrible stuff? (L9) I. Active Expressions 爱不一定要说出来。 One doesn’t have to speak out loud to show his or her love. Notes to the Text—Active ExpressionsTranslation
2. …it does have rhythm. (L13) Use It — Did you see his performance ( 表演 ) last night? — Yes, he _____ do a good job! — Do you think she is like her father? — Yes, she _____ look like her father. did does Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
3. I can’t stand it.(L19) 看她化的妆，真受不了！ Look at her makeup! I can’t stand it! = I can’t bear it. Under what kind of situation will you use such an expression? I can’t stand/bear it! ___________________. Notes to the Text—Active Expressions Use It Translation
4. I’ve got to go. (L 65)= I have to go. In informal American English, people sometimes just use “got” (in spoken English). 我想到办法啦！ I’ve got an idea! / I got an idea! Notes to the Text—Active ExpressionsTranslation
5. You know… (L82) ① To emphasize or to draw attention; ② When people are not sure what they are saying or what they are going to say next; ③ To explain more clearly. e.g. The condition in that country is terrible, you know. I thought I’d, you know, have a chat with you. Wear the white dress, you know, the one I like most. Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
II. Focus Study 1.... young people and their parents very often seem to fail in their attempts to communicate with each other. (Preview) fail in (doing) sth. cannot do sth. attempt(s) to do... 试图，力图 Practice Notes to the Text—Focus Study
Translation 他的英语考试没有及格。 他第一次尝试就击中目标。 He failed in the English test. Notes to the Text—Focus StudyKeys He managed to hit the target at the first attempt.
2. Sandy sang along with the words as she lay listening to her favorite radio station. (L4) It isn’t healthy to eat standing up. (L38) v.+ v-ing 表示同时伴随发生的动作 Practice Notes to the Text—Focus Study
Translation 躺着看电视真舒服。 开车打手机很危险。 It feels so comfortable to lie watching TV. It is dangerous to drive making calls by cell phones. Notes to the Text—Focus Study
Word Using Word Using Phrasal Verbs Phrasal Verbs
1. stuff n.(L11) thing or group of things thing or group of things The shop was burgled and a lot of stuff was stolen.Translation 那个商店被盗窃了，许多东西都不见了。Key Words and Expressions—Word Using I. Word Usinge.g. What’s that green stuff at the bottom of the bottle?
2. as usual (L31) in the way that has often happened before in the way that has often happened before As usual, there will be a meeting on Tuesday after- noon.Translation 像往常一样，周二下午要开会。Key Words and Expressions—Word Using
3. disgusting adj. (L49) unpleasant; completely unacceptable It tastes disgusting! 尝起来真恶心！ It is disgusting that we girls have to do all the heavy work! e.g. Words and Expressions—Word Using
4. bug v. (L52) annoy or worry sb. annoy or worry sb. It bugs him that he’s not as successful as his brother.e.g. Words and Expressions—Word Using What bugs you the most after you come to the university? Use it Tips food; climate; studying methods; …
5. wear v.(L55) clothesshoes jewelry (necklace, etc.) glasses/contact lenses ( 隐形眼镜 ) √√ √ √ Words and Expressions—Word Using
hair √ She wears her hair long. 她留着长头发。 She wears her hair in a long braid. 她把头发编成辫子。 beard √ He wore a full moustache. 5. wear v. Words and Expressions—Word Using
Then how about perfume ? √ wear makeup √ 5. wear v. Words and Expressions—Word Using You can even wear a smile on your face!
6. offensive adj. (L80) causing offence; unpleasant causing offence; unpleasant offensive remark 冒犯性的话 manner 无礼的态度 weapons 攻击性的武器 sight 令人生厌的景色Collocation Words and Expressions—Word Using
7. appeal v.(L83) ① attract; interest ② make a strong request for help, support, etc. What appeals to you most when you chose your major? Use it Words and Expressions—Word Usinge.g. The idea of living in that city doesn’t appeal to me at all. Relief workers in the disaster area are appealing for more help and supplies.
8. negative adj.(101) ① bad or harmful ② saying or meaning ‘no’ I’m feeling very negative about my job— in fact I’m thinking about moving.Translation 我对我的工作感到很没劲 — 事实上我正考 虑换工作。Key Words and Expressions—Word Usinge.g. The girl gave him a negative response.
II. Phrasal Verbs 1. Complete the ripple diagram. turn on off down up shower radio volume TV Words and Expressions—Phrasal Verbs
reach burst dry bolt 2. Matching Game into for off out stretch one’s hand to get sth. start suddenly cause to become dry leave in a hurry Words and Expressions—Phrasal Verbs
1. Think before you ___ the tap ___. Do you really need the water? A. turn... down B. turn... off C. turn... out D. turn... on A mini-test Words and Expressions—Mini Test
B. burst into 2. They ___ laughter at the sight of us. A. ran into C. burst outD. went into Words and Expressions—Mini Test 3. Then Johnny reached quickly ___ the other pot, vigorously boiling on the stove. A. downB. out C. forD. to
4. While ___ to the movies, I happened to see a terrible accident. A. I goB. going C. wentD. to go Words and Expressions—Mini Test 5. She will be angry if you ______ her while she is sleeping. A. disgustB. disturb C. disappointD. dismiss
Watch the video clips and discuss with your group members what the scenes tell you and what kind of implication you get from them. Make good use of the words and expressions from the texts. Idea Sharing Group Work Group Work
Story of the Twin Sisters of About 13 Years Old of About 13 Years Old Now in Paris. They just arrived, staying in the American Embassy in France ( 美国驻法 国使馆 ) because their grandpa is the ambassador ( 大使 ). Idea Sharing
Grandpa’s Complaints 1.What did the sisters do in their room? 2. What was their grandpa’s reaction? What the devil are all these noises? ( 你们在搞什么 鬼？ ); behavior ( 行为 ); unacceptable ( 不可接受的， 不允许的 ); dress for the occasion ( 衣着得体 ) Idea Sharing Tips for Listening:
The busy grandpa asked one of his assistants to show the sisters around Paris to learn more about this city, but most time in various museums according to the fixed routine ( 固定路线 / 安排 ). However, the girls got their new local friends. This day... Idea Sharing
1.Why did the girls run away from the man? 2. How did they feel when the girls were with the pals? Having Fun with the Pals ( 伙伴 ) Having Fun with the Pals ( 伙伴 ) Idea Sharing
The next day seemed to be a turning point. Idea Sharing
Communication Between Grandpa and the Twins Well, I guess, we haven’t done much talk in the past, have we? Let’s enjoy it and make up the lost time, what will you say? What do you think about Grandpa’s attitude? Idea Sharing Tips for Listening:
Why not predict the end by yourselves? Idea Sharing 1.How would Grandpa treat the friendship between the girls and their pals? 2. What would the girls do with Grandpa?
Well, that is the story. Now it’s your turn to say something about the story and your opinions about it. Tips Idea Sharing
Tips: 1.Vocabulary for characteristics: lovely; independently-minded; rebellious; … 2. Vocabulary for relationship: get on well/bad with; not have much talk; enjoy; have fun; spend some time with; communicate … Idea Sharing More
The twin sisters are… years old. They are… During their visit in Paris, they… with their grandpa because he was very busy. But they… with the pals in Paris. Grandpa realized he did not… his granddaughters. Then he tried to… with the girls. Finally, they go back together happily. I think… Idea Sharing bridge Good communication in time can bridge the generation gap.
Key to the exercise III. 1. appeals 2. identity 3. concern 4. disgusting 5. upset 6. influence 7. offensive 8. burst 9. stuff 10.thorough
IV. 1. off/down 2. off 3. as 4. on 5. for 6. on/upon 7. to 8. over 9. in 10. of
Sentence structure VI. Kate saw her brother Bill as she was going off the bus. As she was standing up from her seat, mother dropped the glass to the ground. A policeman fired at a thief as the thief was bolting out of the house. As she ran to catch the school bus, Sandy thought of her talk with her mother. As the teacher entered the classroom, all the students shouted “Happy Birthday” to him.
VII. She listened to her favorite rock music while singing along with the words. She was putting on her jeans while asking me to hand her sweater. He banged on the door while opening it. In the bathroom she put on some makeup while looking in the mirror. The schoolmaster shot an angry glance at the naughty first grader while talking with her parents.
Translation VIII. 1. As she was about to turn off the music, her father burst into her room and shouted at her, “Can’t you turn down the music a little bit?” 2. The owner of the bar kept watching the girl dancing while pretending not to. 3. Rock music appeals to Sandy so much that she turned it up, paying no attention to her father’s objection.
4. As usual, when his parents don’t like what she wears, they start bugging him. 5. It makes my blood boil to think of these young boys and and girls who are forced by their parents to beg money along the streets.
IX. 1. 我认为那些在镇上游手好闲，在身上又文身 又穿洞的青少年是在表达他们的个性。 2. 因特网提供了一种更快捷的方式，让我们与 全球的新老客户取得联系，并保持沟通渠道 畅通无阻。
Structure Analysis Structure Analysis Sample Paragraph Sample Paragraph Your Task Your Task Tips for Writing Tips for Writing Practical Writing Practical Writing
I. Structure Analysis To write a series of actions, you’d better connect every step with time markers. Writing—Structure Analysis Step 1At the very beginning, At first, Firstly, First of all, … Step 2Then, Second, Secondly, … Step 3And, Third, Thirdly,... Final stepFinally, At last, Eventually, …
II. Sample Paragraph In the afternoon, I went to the city library and checked out a couple of books on business management. Then I visited my grandmother. After that, I rode on the bus with my family for a special lantern festival in the seaside park. Finally, we returned home in a taxi. Writing—Sample Paragraph
III. Tips for Writing 1.Choose the topic that you are interested in. 2.List the related steps of the topic. 3.Organize all the steps using the time markers. Writing—Tips for Writing
IV. Your Task Write a paragraph with a series of actions in “time order”. Don’t forget to use the time markers! Topics: The story of how I made progress in English (Chinese/math/chemistry/…) learning or in learning playing basketball (volleyball…) Writing—Your Task For your reference
(For reference) After reading Slam Dunk, a cartoon story, I was eager to improve my skills in playing basketball. At the very beginning, I tried to practice with those who played much better than me. Every time after the practice, I would watch some basketball matches on the Internet so as to learn from those superstars. Then, my friends and I began to have basketball matches with other teams. As time went by, I made great progress in playing basketball and became a member of the school team at last. Writing—Your Task
V. Practical Writing Notes of Apology Notes of apology should clearly: state the reason for the apology; promise to remedy ( 补救 ) the situation. 1. Tips for writing Writing—Practical Writing
Address the recipient with a correct title like Dear Professor…; Dear Mr./Mrs./Miss…; and some words of respect like sincere; honestly. Conclude with a suitable closing phrase like Respectfully yours/Yours very faithfully/Truly yours, etc. Informal version: Writing—Practical Writing
2. Useful Sentences For stating the reason: For stating the reason: I am terribly/absolutely sorry that... I regret very much that... I hope you’ll accept my sincere apology. For promising the remedy: For promising the remedy: Please let me know... Please let me know how to… What can I do to make up...? Can you...?/Can you make it...? I hope that’s OK. Writing—Practical Writing
3. Samples Monday, March 15 Dear Professor Wang, I enjoy your class very much. But I’m very sorry that I had to miss your class last Thursday. Unfortunately, my roommate was ill and I had to take him to the hospital. Please let me know what I can do to make up the class. I know you prefer us to let you know in advance when we are absent, but there was no time to do so. I hope you’ll accept my sincere apology. Your student, Lin Shantao Writing—Practical Writing Sample 1 (formal):
Prof. Wang: I had to miss your class last Thursday, March 11. My roommate was ill and I took him to the hospital. I hope that’s OK. Your student, Lin Shantao. Writing—Practical Writing Sample 2 (informal):
4. Your Tasks Suppose you had to miss your English Class last week because you represented the university in a debating contest. Write to your teacher a note of apology. You may decide whether a formal or informal note is better. Suppose you had an argument with your father/mother last night and now you realize your attitude and words at that time hurt him/her. It is really hard to open your mouth to say sorry! You decide to write a note of apology to your father/mother. Writing—Practical Writing