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Comparative Religions Elizabeth Pham. How It Began: Founder: Muhammed Founded: 610 C.E. (Muhammed received first revelation) Point of Origin: Mecca.

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Presentation on theme: "Comparative Religions Elizabeth Pham. How It Began: Founder: Muhammed Founded: 610 C.E. (Muhammed received first revelation) Point of Origin: Mecca."— Presentation transcript:

1 Comparative Religions Elizabeth Pham


3 How It Began: Founder: Muhammed Founded: 610 C.E. (Muhammed received first revelation) Point of Origin: Mecca Where It Spread: West and East Africa, Philippines, Central Asia, Western China, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, North America, and Europe. A Muslim must make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in their life. In the heart of Mecca, lays the Ka’aba. He/she must walk around the Ka’aba seven times and then, the Black Stone.

4 How It Spread: Trade Where Most Influential Today: India and Indonesia, however being the fastest growing religion, North America is giving way to many Muslims. Followers, worldwide: 1,387,454,500 Prayer 5 times a day is part of the Five Pillars. When praying it is important to face the direction of Mecca, thus, everyone in the above picture is facing the same direction.

5 Holy Book: The Qur'an (or Koran) Main God/gods/deities: Allah Basic Beliefs: Strictly monotheistic; Allah is the Muslims must practice 5 Pillars of Islam Submission to Allah Fasting during Ramadan Prayer 5 times a day Pilgrimage to Mecca Zakat (pay alms to needy) The sacred text of Islam is the Qur’an, which is shown in the above picture.

6 Religious Leader Organization: Caliph is Islamic leader. Sects Evolved Overtime: Shiites Sunnis The Holy Mosque (Masjid Al-Haram) in Mecca is the most famous Mosque in the world and holds the holy Black Stone, the Ka’aba.


8  How It Began:  Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (The Buddha)  Founded: c. 525 B.C.E.  Point of Origin:  near present-day Benares, India  Where It Spread:  Mainly throughout Asia and North America. The Life of a Buddhist Monk is meant to be simplistic. Thus, the shave their heads and wear robes in order to rid themselves of vanity.

9  How It Spread: By Trade and as Ashoka the Great spread the word throughout his Mauryan Dynasty  Where Most Influential: Buddhism is predominately practiced in Asia  Followers, worldwide: 385,609,000  Holy Book: The Tripitaka and Mahayana Sutras The Dharmashakra represents the Eightfold Path.

10  Main God/gods/deities:  no divine being  Basic Beliefs:  Karma  Reincarnation  Birth, Life, Death, Rebirth  Four Noble Truths  Life means suffering  Origin of suffering is desire.  The stopping of all suffering is possible  By following the correct path, one can achieve Nirvana (the state of no suffering).  The Eightfold Path will lead to the cessation of suffering.

11  Religious Leader Organization:  Monastic order where traditions passed down between monks and nuns  Sects Evolved Overtime:  Mahayana (Zen & Sokagakkai)  Theravada  Vajrayana (Tantrism) One of the eight auspicious symbols for Buddhism, the white lotus represents the state of spiritual perfection.


13  How It Began: › Founder: Jesus (of Nazareth) › Founded: c. 33 C.E.  Point of Origin: › Palestine  Where It Spread: › Europe, North America, and South America A painting of Jesus Christ.

14  How It Spread: › Constantine made it the official religion of the Roman Empire.  Where Most Influential Today: › Europe, North America, and South America  Followers, worldwide: › 2,199, 817,400 Jesus Christ died on the Cross in order to forgive everyone’s sins, thus, the cross is a symbol to represent Christianity.

15  Holy Book: › The Bible  Main God/gods/deities: › God  Basic Beliefs: › Monotheistic › Jesus died on the cross to forgive everyone's sins › The Bible tells the life of Jesus › Heaven and Hell

16  Religious Leader Organization: › The Pope is head of the church.  Sects Evolved Overtime: › Main sects include  Roman Catholic  Eastern Orthodox  Protestant A church of Eastern Orthodox, one sect of Christianity.


18 Hinduism How It Began: ◦ Founder: Not Specified ◦ Founded: c. 1500 B.C.E. Point of Origin: ◦ India Where It Spread: ◦ Mainly India, Nepal, Malaysia, Guyana, Suriname, and Sri Lanka. Symbol for Hinduism.

19 Hinduism [cont.] How It Spread: ◦ Trade Where Most Influential Today: ◦ India and Nepal Followers, worldwide: ◦ 875,726,000 A statue of Shiva, a Hindu trinity God.

20 Hinduism [cont.] Holy Book: ◦ Vedas, Upanishads, Sutras, Bhagavad Gita Main God/gods/deities: ◦ Brahman, Shiva, Vishnu, Devi Basic Beliefs: ◦ Four Vedas ◦ Karma ◦ Reincarnation

21 Hinduism [cont.] Religious Leader ◦ Organization: Spiritual leaders known as gurus and sages. Sects Evolved Overtime: ◦ Shaivism ◦ Vaishnavism Vishnu, a Hindu trinity God.


23  How It Began: Founder: c. 2000 B.C.E. Founded: Abraham  Point of Origin: Israel  Where It Spread: Mainly across Israel and United States For each night of Hanukah, a Jewish holiday, one candle is lit on the menorah.

24  How It Spread: Started by passing down through families.  Where Most Influential Today: Israel  Followers, worldwide: 14,956,000

25  Holy Book: The Torah  Main God/gods/deities: God  Basic Beliefs: Monotheistic Stresses ethical behavior God has special relationship with Hebrews; they shall bear witness to God’s mercy. The Holy Book of Judaism, the Torah.

26  Religious Leader Organization: Other than the Rabbi, who teaches and preaches Judaism, there is no overall religious leader.  Sects Evolved Overtime: Orthodox Conservative Reform Reconstructionist Humanist The Star of David.


28  How It Began:  Founder: Confucius  Founded: 6 th -5 th Century C.E.  Point of Origin:  China  Where It Spread:  Koreans, Japan, Vietnam and Europe. The Chinese symbol for Confucianism.

29  How It Spread:  Chinese tradition; Became state doctrine for the Han Dynasty  Where Most Influential Today:  China  Followers, worldwide:  6,111,100 An analect of Confucianism.

30  Holy Book:  Confucianism followed many different documents as sacred text, including, but not limited to: The Confucian Analects, The Doctrine of The Mean, The Book of Odes, The Book of Changes, The Book of Rites, and The Book of Filial Piety  Main God/gods/deities:  God  Basic Beliefs:  Because Confucianism was more of a moral code, the basic beliefs were simply the stressing of certain values: ▪ Li: ritual, propriety, etiquette, etc. ▪ Hsiao: love among family members ▪ Yi: righteousness ▪ Xin: honesty and trustworthiness ▪ Jen: benevolence towards others; the highest Confucian virtue ▪ Chung: loyalty to the state, etc.

31  Religious Leader Organization:  There’s no set religious leader for Confucianism.  Sects Evolved Overtime:  There are no formal sects of Confucianism, however Neo-Confucianism could be considered as Confucianism evolving over time, as it incorporates ideas from Buddhism and Daoism to form. A depiction of the founder of Confucianism, Confucius.

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