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Understand nurse skills needed for residents’ hygiene and grooming. Unit B Resident Care Skills Resident Care Skills Essential Standard NA5.00 Understand.

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Presentation on theme: "Understand nurse skills needed for residents’ hygiene and grooming. Unit B Resident Care Skills Resident Care Skills Essential Standard NA5.00 Understand."— Presentation transcript:

1 Understand nurse skills needed for residents’ hygiene and grooming. Unit B Resident Care Skills Resident Care Skills Essential Standard NA5.00 Understand nurse aide’s role in providing residents’ hygiene, grooming, and skin care. Understand nurse aide’s role in providing residents’ hygiene, grooming, and skin care. Indicator 5.01 Understand nurse aide skills needed for residents’ hygiene and grooming. Understand nurse aide skills needed for residents’ hygiene and grooming. 15.01Nursing Fundamentals

2 Nursing Fundamentals 72432 PERSONAL CARE AND GROOMING: RELATIONSHIP TO SELF-ESTEEM 5.01 Nurse aides are the members of the health care team responsible for providing personal care and grooming for the resident. They encourage the resident to do as much as possible for themselves, but assist as needed with personal cleanliness, oral hygiene, nail care, shaving, dressing, care of hair and skin care.

3 Nursing Fundamentals 72433 PERSONAL CARE AND GROOMING: RELATIONSHIP TO SELF-ESTEEM 5.01 Personal grooming is important for a positive self-image and every effort should be made to encourage and assist the resident to maintain a pleasing and attractive appearance.

4 Nursing Fundamentals 72434 DAILY HYGIENE NEEDS 5.01 BathingBathing Skin careSkin care Back careBack care Oral hygieneOral hygiene ShavingShaving Shampooing hairShampooing hair Hair careHair care Nail careNail care Perineal carePerineal care Dressing and undressingDressing and undressing

5 Nursing Fundamentals 72435 FACTORS THAT AFFECT HYGIENE PRACTICES 5.01 CultureCulture Family PracticesFamily Practices IllnessIllness Individual preferencesIndividual preferences –Bath in morning or before going to bed –Frequency of bathing, shaving –Shampooing hair daily or weekly

6 Nursing Fundamentals 72436 FACTORS THAT AFFECT HYGIENE PRACTICES 5.01 EconomicsEconomics –Unable to afford deodorant, shampoo, etc. –Unable to afford utilities

7 Nursing Fundamentals 72437 PERSONAL CARE AND GROOMING: ROLE OF THE NURSE AIDE 5.01 Assist to follow their personal hygiene practicesAssist to follow their personal hygiene practices Encourage to do as much of their daily care as possibleEncourage to do as much of their daily care as possible Assist residents to select their own clothingAssist residents to select their own clothing

8 Nursing Fundamentals 72438 PERSONAL CARE AND GROOMING: ROLE OF THE NURSE AIDE 5.01 Promote independence and self esteemPromote independence and self esteem Encourage use of deodorant, perfume, aftershave lotion, and cosmeticsEncourage use of deodorant, perfume, aftershave lotion, and cosmetics Be patient and encouragingBe patient and encouraging

9 Nursing Fundamentals 72439 ORAL HYGIENE 5.01

10 Nursing Fundamentals 724310 ORAL HYGIENE 5.01 Definition: measures used to keep mouth and teeth clean and free of microorganisms

11 Nursing Fundamentals 724311 ORAL HYGIENE 5.01 Purpose –Prevent odors –Prevent infections –Prevent tooth decay and loss of teeth –Prevent gum disease –Increase comfort –Enhance taste of food

12 Nursing Fundamentals 724312 ORAL HYGIENE 5.01 Oral hygiene is provided: Before breakfastBefore breakfast After mealsAfter meals At bedtimeAt bedtime Other times as requested or necessaryOther times as requested or necessary

13 Nursing Fundamentals 724313 ORAL HYGIENE 5.01 Oral hygiene is provided frequently for residents receiving oxygen to prevent the mucous membranes from drying and to promote comfort

14 Nursing Fundamentals 724314 ORAL HYGIENE 5.01 Observations to report: –Foul mouth odors –Bleeding –Loose or broken teeth or dentures –Sores in or around mouth –Coated tongue –Complaints of pain

15 Nursing Fundamentals 724315 PRINCIPLES FOR BRUSHING TEETH 5.01 Hold brush at 45 degree angleHold brush at 45 degree angle Use circular motion to brush teethUse circular motion to brush teeth Brush well where teeth and gums meetBrush well where teeth and gums meet Brush all surfaces and tongueBrush all surfaces and tongue Brush upper teeth firstBrush upper teeth first Brush gentlyBrush gently Offer diluted mouth washOffer diluted mouth wash

16 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724316 SKILL 5.01A SKILL 5.01A Provide Oral Hygiene Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

17 Nursing Fundamentals 724317 DENTURE CARE 5.01

18 Nursing Fundamentals 724318 DENTURE CARE 5.01 Handle carefully – expensive to replaceHandle carefully – expensive to replace Clean as often as natural teethClean as often as natural teeth Protect from loss or breakageProtect from loss or breakage Store safely, when out of mouth, in labeled containerStore safely, when out of mouth, in labeled container Never use hot water, which can warp denturesNever use hot water, which can warp dentures

19 Nursing Fundamentals 724319 DENTURE CARE 5.01 Store dry, in water or in special solutionStore dry, in water or in special solution For long term storage, put container holding dentures in bedside standFor long term storage, put container holding dentures in bedside stand

20 Nursing Fundamentals 724320 REMOVING DENTURES 5.01 1.Sit resident upright 2.Apply gloves 3.Remove lower denture first, it is easier to remove 4.Grasp lower denture with a gauze for a good grip 5.Give a slight downward pull to break suction 6.Turn at an angle to get out of mouth

21 Nursing Fundamentals 724321 INSERTING DENTURES 5.01 Sit resident uprightSit resident upright Apply glovesApply gloves Apply denture adhesive if neededApply denture adhesive if needed Place upper denture into the mouth by turning it at an anglePlace upper denture into the mouth by turning it at an angle Straighten the denture and press onto upper gum line firmly and evenlyStraighten the denture and press onto upper gum line firmly and evenly Insert lower denture, press firmlyInsert lower denture, press firmly

22 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724322 SKILL 5.01B SKILL 5.01B Provide Denture Care Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

23 Nursing Fundamentals 724323 MOUTH CARE FOR THE UNCONSCIOUS RESIDENT 5.01

24 Providing mouth care for the unconscious resident 244.02Nursing Fundamentals Unconscious residents may be able to hear. Hearing is the last sensory function a resident loses. Talk to the resident just as you would if they were alert.

25 Nursing Fundamentals 724325 SPECIAL MOUTH CARE PRODUCTS 5.01 SwabsSwabs Toothettes:Toothettes: –usually soaked in mouthwash or plain water –hydrogen peroxide, salt water solution if specified on care plan Petroleum jelly or olive oil for dry lipsPetroleum jelly or olive oil for dry lips

26 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724326 SKILL 5.01C SKILL 5.01C Mouth Care for Unconscious Resident Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

27 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724327 NAIL CARE

28 Nursing Fundamentals 724328 NAIL CARE 5.01 Purpose: Prevent infectionPrevent infection Prevent injuryPrevent injury Prevent odorsPrevent odors

29 Nursing Fundamentals 724329 NAIL CARE 5.01 Requires daily cleaning and trimming of fingernails and toenails as neededRequires daily cleaning and trimming of fingernails and toenails as needed Maintain nails by keeping nails:Maintain nails by keeping nails: –short –clean –free of rough edges

30 Nursing Fundamentals 724330 NAIL CARE GUIDELINES 5.01 Easier to trim and clean after soakingEasier to trim and clean after soaking Nail clipper used to cut and trim nails. Use care not to injure skin when clipping.Nail clipper used to cut and trim nails. Use care not to injure skin when clipping. Clip nails straight acrossClip nails straight across

31 Nursing Fundamentals 724331 NAIL CARE GUIDELINES 5.01 Use file or emery board to smooth rough edgesUse file or emery board to smooth rough edges Softened cuticle can be pushed back with orange stickSoftened cuticle can be pushed back with orange stick

32 Nursing Fundamentals 724332 NAIL CARE CAUTION! 5.01 Diabetics and residents with circulatory problems will have their nails trimmed only by a licensed nurse or podiatrist.Diabetics and residents with circulatory problems will have their nails trimmed only by a licensed nurse or podiatrist. Review resident care plan and check with supervisor prior to trimming nails.Review resident care plan and check with supervisor prior to trimming nails.

33 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724333 SKILL 5.01D SKILL 5.01D Providing Nail Care Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

34 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724334 FOOT CARE

35 Nursing Fundamentals 724335 FOOT CARE 5.01 Wash feet using warm water and mild soapWash feet using warm water and mild soap Dry feet carefully, especially between the toesDry feet carefully, especially between the toes Apply lotion to tops and bottoms of feet only, not between the toesApply lotion to tops and bottoms of feet only, not between the toes

36 Nursing Fundamentals 724336 FOOT CARE 5.01 Check feet daily for: redness, warmth or constant painredness, warmth or constant pain numbness or tinglingnumbness or tingling dry, cracked skindry, cracked skin swellingswelling blisters, cuts, scratches or other soresblisters, cuts, scratches or other sores ingrown toenails, corns, callusesingrown toenails, corns, calluses

37 Nursing Fundamentals 724337 FOOT CARE 5.01 Do not use a heating pad on resident’s feetDo not use a heating pad on resident’s feet Keep footwear on; residents never go barefootKeep footwear on; residents never go barefoot Change socks and shoes dailyChange socks and shoes daily

38 Nursing Fundamentals 724338 FOOT CARE 5.01 Foot injuries and infections can lead to gangrene and amputation, especially in diabeticsFoot injuries and infections can lead to gangrene and amputation, especially in diabetics Notify supervisor immediately of any unusual observations of the feetNotify supervisor immediately of any unusual observations of the feet

39 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724339 SKILL 5.01E SKILL 5.01E Foot Care Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

40 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724340 SHAVING http://www.drugs.com/cg/how-to-shave-a-man.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaving http://www.drugs.com/cg/how-to-shave-a-man.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaving

41 Nursing Fundamentals 724341SHAVING 5.01 Daily activity for menDaily activity for men Promotes:Promotes: –Physical comfort –Psychological well-being

42 Nursing Fundamentals 724342 ASSIST WITH SHAVING 5.01 Factors to consider: –Electric razor provides greatest safety.Do not use electric razors when oxygen in use –Electric razor provides greatest safety. Do not use electric razors when oxygen in use Use own equipment or a disposable safety razorUse own equipment or a disposable safety razor Soften beard and skin prior to shavingSoften beard and skin prior to shaving

43 Nursing Fundamentals 724343 ASSIST WITH SHAVING 5.01 Factors to consider (continued): Use care not to cut or irritate skin while shavingUse care not to cut or irritate skin while shaving Shave in direction hair growsShave in direction hair grows

44 Nursing Fundamentals 724344 ASSIST WITH SHAVING 5.01 Razor bumps are tiny, irritated bumps that develop after shaving. People with curly hair are most affected by them. The sharp edge of closely shaven hair can curl back and grow into the skin, causing irritation and pimples, and even scarring. To minimize razor bumps, take a hot shower before shaving, shave in the direction of hair growth, and don't stretch the skin while shaving. Rinse with cold water, then apply moisturizer.

45 Nursing Fundamentals 724345 SHAVING - SURGERY PREPARATION 5.01 Razor used for surgery preparation. The head/blade of the razor is disposable. The battery handle is disinfected after each use.

46 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724346 SKILL 5.01F SKILL 5.01F Shaving Resident Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

47 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724347 HAIR CARE http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/slideshow-hair-and-scalp-conditions

48 Nursing Fundamentals 724348 HAIR CARE 5.01 Hair care includes Daily brushing and combingDaily brushing and combing StylingStyling ShampooingShampooing Keeping hair tools cleanKeeping hair tools clean

49 Nursing Fundamentals 724349 HAIR CARE 5.01 Because hair style is personal preference, ask about styleBecause hair style is personal preference, ask about style Make brushing and combing part of morning careMake brushing and combing part of morning care

50 Nursing Fundamentals 724350 HAIR CARE 5.01 Protect resident’s clothing by placing towel around shouldersProtect resident’s clothing by placing towel around shoulders Cover pillow with towel for residents confined to bedCover pillow with towel for residents confined to bed

51 Nursing Fundamentals 724351 HAIR CARE 5.01 Brushing hair:Brushing hair: –refreshes resident –improves morale –stimulates circulation –distributes natural oils evenly –removes lint and dust Handle hair gently when brushing or combingHandle hair gently when brushing or combing

52 Nursing Fundamentals 724352 HAIR CARE 5.01 Section hair and work on one area at a timeSection hair and work on one area at a time Note appearance of scalp and hairNote appearance of scalp and hair Hair style should be age appropriateHair style should be age appropriate

53 Nursing Fundamentals 724353 HAIR CARE 5.01 Residents are encouraged to do as much as possible for themselvesResidents are encouraged to do as much as possible for themselves Comb and brush are cleaned after useComb and brush are cleaned after use Combs and brushes are never sharedCombs and brushes are never shared

54 Nursing Fundamentals 724354 HAIR CARE 5.01 Frequency individualizedFrequency individualized Resident’s shampoo, conditioner and other hair care products are usedResident’s shampoo, conditioner and other hair care products are used Resident assisted to beauty shop if availableResident assisted to beauty shop if available

55 Nursing Fundamentals 724355 HAIR CARE 5.01 Methods of shampooing: during showerduring shower at sinkat sink using stretcherusing stretcher in bedin bed dry shampoosdry shampoos

56 Nursing Fundamentals 724356 HAIR CARE 5.01 Eyes and ears protectedEyes and ears protected Hair dried as fast as possibleHair dried as fast as possible Cold or drafty areas eliminatedCold or drafty areas eliminated Female residents assisted to curl or set hairFemale residents assisted to curl or set hair

57 Nursing Fundamentals 724357 HAIR CARE 5.01 Barbers or beauticians may be contacted by facility to care for hair of residentsBarbers or beauticians may be contacted by facility to care for hair of residents Care plan to be checked for any special instructions prior to shampooingCare plan to be checked for any special instructions prior to shampooing

58 Nursing Fundamentals 724358 HAIR CARE - FYI 5.01 Traction Alopecia Damages Follicles Pulling hair too tight -- as can happen with ponytails, braids, and cornrows -- can damage hair follicles and cause hair to break or fall out. Hair extensions and hairpieces can sometimes cause traction alopecia, too, because their extra weight pulls on existing hair. Changing your hairstyle usually lets hair grow back. Pulling hair back tightly for a long time, though, can lead to permanent hair loss. http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/slideshow-hair-and-scalp-conditions

59 Nursing Fundamentals 724359 HAIR CARE - FYI 5.01 Head Lice: Itchy! In hair — that's where you'll find lice. They like to hide in the neck area of the scalp and behind the ears. If you have lice, you likely got it from sharing a hat, brush, or other item with a person who has lice. Lice are itchy, but scratching can lead to infection. In severe cases, hair may fall out. http://www.webmd.com/allergies/slideshow-bad-bugs

60 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724360 SKILL 5.01G SKILL 5.01G Caring for Resident’s Hair Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

61 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724361 SKILL 5.01H SKILL 5.01H Shampooing Hair in Bed Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

62 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724362 MAKE UP MAKE UP http://www.wikihow.com/Apply-Makeup http://www.wikihow.com/Apply-Makeup

63 Nursing Fundamentals 724363 MAKE UP 5.01 Apply make-up per resident wishesApply make-up per resident wishes Apply make-up in an age appropriate mannerApply make-up in an age appropriate manner Do not share make up with other residentsDo not share make up with other residents Be alert for allergic reactions to make upBe alert for allergic reactions to make up

64 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724364 DRESSING AND DRESSING AND UNDRESSING UNDRESSING

65 Nursing Fundamentals 724365 DRESSING & UNDRESSING 5.01 Encourage resident to choose own clothingEncourage resident to choose own clothing Dress daily own clothing and underwearDress daily own clothing and underwear Make sure clothes are in good repairMake sure clothes are in good repair

66 Nursing Fundamentals 724366 DRESSING & UNDRESSING 5.01 Dress weak or affected side firstDress weak or affected side first Undress weak or affected side lastUndress weak or affected side last

67 Nursing Fundamentals 724367 DRESSING & UNDRESSING 5.01 Ensure clothing is appropriate for weather and environment

68 Nursing Fundamentals 724368 DRESSING & UNDRESSING 5.01 Encourage resident to wear clothing that matches and is clean and neatEncourage resident to wear clothing that matches and is clean and neat Dress should be age appropriateDress should be age appropriate Do not put clothing on backwardsDo not put clothing on backwards

69 Nursing Fundamentals 724369 DRESSING & UNDRESSING 5.01 Be gentleBe gentle Always be patient and provide time for residents to do as much as possible for themselvesAlways be patient and provide time for residents to do as much as possible for themselves

70 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724370 SKILL 5.01I SKILL 5.01I Dressing & Undressing Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

71 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724371 BATHING BATHING

72 Nursing Fundamentals 724372BATHING 5.01 Purpose of Bathing Removes perspiration, dirt and microorganismsRemoves perspiration, dirt and microorganisms Stimulates circulationStimulates circulation Exercises body partsExercises body parts

73 Nursing Fundamentals 724373BATHING 5.01 Purpose of Bathing (continued) Refreshes, relaxes and promotes physical comfortRefreshes, relaxes and promotes physical comfort Removes odorsRemoves odors Allows for evaluation of skin conditionAllows for evaluation of skin condition

74 Nursing Fundamentals 724374BATHING 5.01 Methods of Bathing Partial bathPartial bath Complete bed bathComplete bed bath Tub bathTub bath ShowerShower

75 Nursing Fundamentals 724375BATHING 5.01 Receive instructions from supervisor regarding method of bathing and skin care products to useReceive instructions from supervisor regarding method of bathing and skin care products to use Provide privacyProvide privacy Reduce drafts by closing windows, drapes and doors!Reduce drafts by closing windows, drapes and doors!

76 Nursing Fundamentals 724376 BATHING - GUIDELINES 5.01 Use good body mechanicsUse good body mechanics Keep covered for warmth and privacyKeep covered for warmth and privacy Protect safety of resident:Protect safety of resident: –never leave unattended in bathtub or shower –take precautions to prevent slips and falls –have temperature no higher than 105°F for tub or shower

77 Nursing Fundamentals 724377 BATHING GUIDELINES 5.01 Establish a schedule.Establish a schedule. Refer to agency policy/procedure for shower scheduleRefer to agency policy/procedure for shower schedule Do not force bathe!Do not force bathe! If the resident refuses a bath, come back later to see if the resident has changed their mind and is ready for a bathIf the resident refuses a bath, come back later to see if the resident has changed their mind and is ready for a bath

78 Nursing Fundamentals 724378 BATHING GUIDELINES 5.01 Rinse skin completely if not using no-rinse productRinse skin completely if not using no-rinse product Encourage to do as much as possible for selfEncourage to do as much as possible for self Pat skin dryPat skin dry Observe condition of skinObserve condition of skin

79 Nursing Fundamentals 724379 BATHING GUIDELINES 5.01 Color of skin, lips, nail beds and sclera of eyesColor of skin, lips, nail beds and sclera of eyes Location and description of rashesLocation and description of rashes Dry skinDry skin Bruises or open areas on skinBruises or open areas on skin

80 Nursing Fundamentals 724380 BATHING GUIDELINES 5.01 Pale or reddened areas, especially over bony parts Drainage or bleeding from wounds or orifices Skin temperature Complaints of pain or discomfort

81 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724381 SKILL 5.01J SKILL 5.01J Complete Bath Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

82 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724382 SKILL 5.01K SKILL 5.01K Partial Bath Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

83 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724383 SKILL 5.01L SKILL 5.01L Giving a Tub bath / Shower Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

84 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724384 Perineal Care Perineal Care

85 Nursing Fundamentals 724385 PERINEAL CARE 5.01 Used to clean genital and anal areas Prevents infectionPrevents infection Prevents odorsPrevents odors Promotes comfortPromotes comfort 1 st washcloth to wash the front perineum 2nd washcloth to rinse the front perineum

86 Nursing Fundamentals 724386 PERINEAL CARE 5.01 Rules of medical asepsis and Standard Precautions followed Work from cleanest to dirtiest area (front to back) urethral area – cleanest anal area – dirtiest

87 Nursing Fundamentals 724387 PERINEAL CARE 5.01 Delicate area that needs special careDelicate area that needs special care –Use warm water –Wash gently (1 cloth) –Rinse well (2 nd cloth) –Pat dry

88 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724388 SKILL 5.01M SKILL 5.01M Giving Perineal Care Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

89 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724389 Back Rub Back Rub

90 Nursing Fundamentals 724390 GIVING A BACKRUB 5.01 Purpose Stimulate circulationStimulate circulation Prevent skin breakdownPrevent skin breakdown SoothingSoothing RefreshingRefreshing

91 Nursing Fundamentals 724391 GIVING A BACKRUB 5.01 Use a combination of strokesUse a combination of strokes –Long, smooth strokes – relaxing –Short, circular strokes – stimulating Use warmed lotion applied with palms of handsUse warmed lotion applied with palms of hands Rub 3 - 5 minutesRub 3 - 5 minutes

92 5.01Nursing Fundamentals 724392 SKILL 5.01N SKILL 5.01N Back Rub Training Lab Assignment Engage in the Skill Acquisition Process for:

93 Understand nurse aide skills needed for residents’ hygiene and grooming. 93  END  5.01 5.01Nursing Fundamentals


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