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Role of the US

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Presentation on theme: "Role of the US"— Presentation transcript:

1 Role of the US

2 Upcoming Quiz 1.Names of people (mainly the role) 2.St Louis, Evian Conference, Wagner Roger Bill and Nuremberg Trial 3.Genocide, war crime, crime against humanity and bystander

3 Intentionalist Web Intentionalist Debate

4 I mustache you a question but will shave it for later Heinrich Himmler did it. I love this man. Hitler’s wife Eva Braun (29 April 1945 – 30 April 1945)

5 Quiz Next Class Projects Due Before or After the Break 1.Death 2.Life in prison 3. 10 years 4.20 years 5.Nothing 6.Death 7.5 years Genocide War Crime Crime Against Humanity Bystander

6 Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) was the founder and leader of the Nazi Party and the most influential voice in the organization, implementation and execution of the Holocaust, the systematic extermination and ethnic cleansing of six million European Jews and millions of other non-aryans. Adolf HitlerNazi Party

7 Heinrich Himmler Reichsfuhrer-SS, head of the Gestapo and the Waffen-SS, Minister of the Interior from 1943 to 1945 and organizer of the mass murder of Jews in the Third Reich, Heinrich Himmler was born in Munich on 7 October 1900.SSGestapo

8 Reinhard Heydrich Heydrich hosted a conference at which he stressed the necessity of keeping the Jews in "as few concentration centers as possible," as a prerequisite for the "ultimate aim." (4) He also mandated the creation of a Council of Jewish Elders to ensure that all orders given to the Jews were executed. If they were not, the Council members were to be threatened with "the severest measures." (4)

9 Joseph Goebbels Master propagandist of the Nazi regime and dictator of its cultural life for twelve years, Joseph Goebbels was born into a strict Catholic, working-class family from Rheydt, in the Rhineland, on 29 October 1897. He was educated at a Roman Catholic school and went on to study history and literature at the University of Heidelberg

10 Dr. Wilhelm Stuckart Dr. Wilhelm Stuckart joined the NSDAP (Nazi Party) in 1922. He was heavily involved in the early Nazi approach towards Jews, co-writing the anti-Jewish "Nuremberg Laws" imposed by the Nazi-controlled Reichstag in 1935.NSDAPNazi PartyNaziNuremberg LawsNazi

11 Adolf Eichmann SS Lieutenant-Colonel who was Chief of the Jewish Office of the Gestapo during World War II and implemented the 'Final Solution' which aimed at the total extermination of European Jewry. SSGestapoWorld War IIFinal Solution

12 Josef Mengele Much debate is focused on Josef Mengele, the infamous doctor of Auschwitz, commonly referred to as the "Angel of Death". His most famous role was played out as the selector on the platform at Auschwitz whose whims sent one either to the gas chambers or to the camp.Auschwitzgas chambers

13 MengeleEichmannStuckartGoebbels HeydrichHimmlerHitler

14 Guilty or Not Guilty?

15 Josef Mengele

16 Guilty or Not Guilty?

17 The Allied Powers

18 United States

19 September 1939 Germany invades Poland Invades Russia June 1941 Wansee Conference January 1942 May 1945 Germany surrenders 1944 start evacuating the camps 1. Acting as Russia, would you enter WWII prior to 1941 to save the lives of 3 million “undesirables?” 2. Acting as the United States, would you enter WWII prior to Pearl Harbor to save 3.5 million “undesirables?”

20 Cost 1.Acting as Russia, would you enter WWII prior to 1941 to save the lives of 3 million “undesirables?” A.450, 000 of your own troops B.18 Billion dollars C.Victory not guaranteed 2. Acting as the United States, would you enter WWII prior to Pearl Harbor to save 3.5 million undesirables? A.150, 000 of your own troops B.24 billion dollars C.Victory not guaranteed

21 Would you Intervene Prior to WWII?

22 The Tragedy of the S.S. St. Louis (May 13 - June 20, 1939) After Kristallnacht in November 1938, many Jews within Germany decided that it was time to leave. Though many German Jews had emigrated in the preceding years, the Jews who remained had a more difficult time leaving the country because emigration policies had been toughened. By 1939, not only were visas needed to be able to enter another country but money was also needed to leave Germany. Since many countries, especially the United States, had immigration quotas, visas were near impossible to acquire within the short time spans in which they were needed. For many, the visas were acquired after it was too late.Kristallnacht1938Germany1939United States

23 Having crossed the Atlantic Ocean twice, the passengers' original hopes of freedom in Cuba and the U.S. turned into a forlorn effort to escape sure death upon their return to Germany. Feeling alone and rejected by the world, the passengers returned to Europe in June 1939. With World War II just months away, many of these passengers were sent East with the occupation of the countries to which they had been sent.World War II

24 Dates for Possible Rescue 1938 Evian Conference: Meeting of 32 nations to determine refuge possibilities for 150,000 German Jews 1939 St. Louis 1939 and 1940 Wagner Rogers Bill 1939 an effort to admit 20,000 endangered Jewish refugee children, was not supported by the Senate. 1940 3 million dead 1942 Wansee Conference June 1944 Normandy Invasion July 1944 Red Liberation (Death Marches begin) May 1945 Germany Surrenders

25 Two Sources Left What was known? How did the writer know German actions were systematic? Suggested action? Right What obstacles existed? What should we have done?

26 Clips Nazi Medicine Dr. Trial Century Witness to Genocide Rape of Nanking Intentionalist Evidence Responsibility of… Your thoughts

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