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Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /581 Canterbury Tales Background September 15, 2007 Above is a pilgrimage scene from a stained glass window in Canterbury.

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Presentation on theme: "Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /581 Canterbury Tales Background September 15, 2007 Above is a pilgrimage scene from a stained glass window in Canterbury."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /581 Canterbury Tales Background September 15, 2007 Above is a pilgrimage scene from a stained glass window in Canterbury Cathedral

2 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /582 Canterbury Tales Background Assignment –Read pages –Review Questions –All Grammar Exercises –All Vocabulary

3 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /583 **What is a Prologue?*** 1.An introduction or preface, especially a poem recited to introduce a play. 2.An introduction or introductory chapter, as to a novel. 3.An introductory act, event, or period

4 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /584 Canterbury Tales Background Framing Narrative Device Geoffrey Chaucer wanted to tell 120 different stories that was to be told by 30 people Originally written in Middle English Chaucer wrote about what he knew

5 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /585 Geoffrey Chaucer The Canterbury Tales Background He was familiar with the annual pilgrimages from London Canterbury Canterbury is 55 miles Southeast of London Canterbury is at the southern tip of England

6 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /586 Canterbury Tales Background It was tradition to travel in the Spring/Summer to the Cathedral of Canterbury The pilgrimage was to honor St. Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury Becket was murdered in 1170 Becket was made a saint, his remains lay entombed in the cathedral

7 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /587 St. Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 to Saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church

8 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /588 St. Thomas Becket He engaged in a conflict with King Henry II over the rights and privileges of the Church He was assassinated by followers of the king in Canterbury Cathedral

9 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /589 Canterbury Tales Background Written between 1387 and Group of thirty people who travel as pilgrims to Canterbury (England). **The pilgrims, who come from all layers of society, tell stories to each other to kill time while they travel to Canterbury. **Chaucer intended that each pilgrim should tell two tales on the way to Canterbury and two tales on the way back

10 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5810 Canterbury Tales Background He never finished his enormous project and even the completed tales were not finally revised. Scholars are uncertain about the order of the tales. As the printing press had yet to be invented when Chaucer wrote his works, The Canterbury Tales has been passed down in several handwritten manuscripts

11 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5811 The General Prologue Geoffrey Chaucer starts the story at the Tabard Inn, when a group of pilgrims join together He describes almost all of the nine and twenty pilgrims in this company, each of whom practices a different trade (often dishonestly). On the night before they leave, the Host of the Tabard Inn, Harry Bailey, proposes that he joins them as a guide and that each of the pilgrims should tell tales (two on the outward journey, two on the way back); whoever tells the best tale will win a supper, at the other pilgrims' cost when they return

12 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5812 The General Prologue The pilgrims agree, and Chaucer warns his readers that he must repeat each tale exactly as he heard it, even though it might contain frank language. The next morning the company sets out, pausing at the Watering of St. Thomas, where all draw straws, and the Knight is thus selected to tell the first tale

13 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5813 Canterbury Tales Background Purpose of pilgrimage= to pray for cures, solve their problems 30 pilgrims x 4 tales each = 120 total tales Harry Bailey (Tabard Inn)= host/innkeeper, he is the pilgrim 30 th, he is also the judge ****Chaucer died before finishing, he finished only 24 tales in total

14 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5814 Vocabulary page 97 Solicitous Garnished Absolution Commission - showing care or concern - decorated; trimmed - act of freeing someone of a sin or criminal charge - authorization; act of giving authority to an individual

15 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5815 Vocabulary page 97 Sanguine Avouches Prevarication - confident; cheerful - asserts positively; affirms - evasion of truth

16 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5816 Characterization pg 120 Characterization is the technique a writer uses to create and develop the personality of a character. Direct characterization= stated outright Indirect= suggested through details of appearance or action or by the character’s statements

17 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5817 Social Commentary pg 120 Social commentary= is writing that offers insight into a society, its values, and its customs. **Analyze difficult sentences by applying the questions who, what, where, when, why, and how to them

18 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5818 The Prologue Pg 98 Characters Several of the characters are described in minute detail, e.g. social position, their professions, clothing, hair color, jewelry, etc. Characters tell stories that suit their personality Some characters do tell dirty jokes

19 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5819 Chaucer Experts believe Chaucer is the narrator of The Canterbury Tales Time Setting of the Canterbury Prologue takes place not long after 1170, during the height of pilgrimages to St. Thomas Becket’s tomb

20 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5820 Pg 98 Characters What does a miller do? He processes grain with two large stones, you place grain in a tube. And then horses or oxen would move the stones in order to grind them A miller would have been paid in flour

21 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5821 The Knight’s Tale General Prologue Lines 43-78: The Knight Gentleman, followed chivalry Truth, honor, Very courteous Fought in the 100 Years War Participated in many battles Well traveled and The perfect noble knight He wore a tunic of simple cloth

22 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5822 The Squire Lines : The Squire The Knight’s son About 20 years old, a bachelor Curly hair Wears fine embroidered (colorful) clothes Practicing to be a knight “Fresh as the month of May” Multi-talented: jousting, dancing, sketching, and writing

23 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5823 The Yeoman Lines : The Yeoman The Knight’s servant Clothed in coat and hood of green. A sheaf of peacock arrows bright and keen He bore a mighty bow Wore a brace on his arm Sun-browned face Wore a St. Christopher Medal Forester

24 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5824 Who does the Yeoman remind you of? Robin Hood

25 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5825 The Prioress Lines : The Prioress Head of a convent Spoke daintily in French Very mannered Very entertaining, pleasant, and friendly Dignified Charitably solicitous (caring) All sentiment Elegant nose, small mouth The Nun is traveling w/3 priests and another nun Known as Madam Eglantyne

26 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5826 The Prioress Lines : The Prioress She is acting (pretending) to be high class, superior to others, but she is unsuccessful In church she sings through her nose She tries to speak French, but she speaks in inferior French Not worldly enough to pull it off her image that she wants to portray Phony

27 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5827 Prioress= Phony/Fake The Prioress reminds me of a local guy and when he opened an Italian Restaurant, he started talking in a fake Italian accent. Can you think of anyone like the prioress? Madonna/Britney Spears

28 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5828 The Monk Lines : The Monk What is your impression of a monk? Wealthy, has horses and dogs, likes to hunt, an outdoorsman Wears jewelry Fine clothes, fur on his sleeves, and collar Bald Likes to eat, fat and personable Bulging eyes that glitter Not a typical monk!

29 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5829 The Friar Lines : The Friar What is a friar’s job?Friars were suppose to beg and give to the poor But, this Friar would rather spend time w/ wealthy landowners He likes to drink A festive fellow Glib (superficial) Sang well He knew innkeepers & barmaids better than lepers

30 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5830 The Friar Lines : The Friar Naturally gifted beggar He took money from widows He took in more than he gave out He played a harp His name was Hubert He didn’t want to be with poor people He took confessions and gave small penances Corruption in the Catholic Church in the 1300’s led to the Protestant Revolt by John Wycliffe And then in the 1500’s additional revolts were led by John Calvin and Martin Luther

31 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5831 The Friar Lines : The Friar Friars paid rent to the church for an area to beg The Friar was very good at getting money out of people Friar didn’t care about the poor

32 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5832 The Merchant Lines : The Merchant Short description Beard Beaver hat Dainty buckled shoes Expert at currency exchange Stately in negotiation No one could tell if he was in debt or not Harry Bailey (the host) did not know his name, because he was traveling w/30 people, and you may not know everyone’s name

33 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5833 The Oxford Cleric Lines : The Oxford Cleric/Scholar A student from Oxford Studied philosophy Both he and horse were thin Wore a very worn overcoat Would rather spend money on books He had but little gold within his suitcase

34 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5834 The Sergeant of the Law Lines : The Sergeant of the Law Keen, wise, and dignified An advisor to St. Paul's By royal assignment he was an appointed judge in court He took large fees His house was never short of food and pies Successful in real estate Very knowledgeable about the law

35 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5835 The Franklin Lines : The Franklin White beard Wealthy landowner Self-satisfied, contented temperament He loved to dip his morning bread in wine. His bread, his ale were always good and fine; No man had cellars better stocked with wine

36 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5836 The Haberdasher, Dyer, a Carpenter,Weaver and Carpet-maker Lines :The Haberdasher, Dyer, Carpenter, Weaver and Carpet-maker One solemn, great fraternity. Guild (Union) members Freshly and new their gear, and well adorned it was; Their weapons were not cheaply shaped with brass, But all with silver; neatly made and well Their belt and their purses too

37 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5837 The Cook Lines : The Cook He boiled chickens with the marrow-bones He knew how to recognize a draught of London ale. And he could roast and boil and broil and fry, And prepare a stew, and bake a tasty pie. He had an open sore on his shin (knee)

38 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5838 The Skipper Lines : The Skipper A Successful SAILOR, living far out west; Came from Dartmouth He rode a horse the best he could Lanyard- A dagger hanging on a cord had he about his neck, under his arm, and down. Sunburned face Skipper’s stealing wine and forcing prisoners to walk the plank Often drank wine He calculated the tides, currents, and the dangerous watersides, His vessel had been called the Madeleine

39 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5839 The Doctor Lines : The Doctor He was instructed in astronomy, he could calculate planetary positions. He cared for and saved a patient many times He knew the cause of every sickness, In diet he was modest He did not study the Bible, much. His clothes were of blue and scarlet

40 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5840 The Wife of Bath Lines : The Wife of Bath Who was somewhat deaf, it is a pity Gap-toothed She wanted to be first at Church, and if someone went up before, she wasn’t charitable Good seamstress Fine dresses and stockings (red), extravagant hats, and new shoes Married in church, 5x She was experienced in love Well traveled She traveled to Jerusalem 3x She was also to Rome and she even to Boulogne, and to Spain

41 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5841 The Parson Lines : The Parson A good man A poor COUNTRY PARSON, Rich in holy thought and work A learned man also, a clerk, Patient, Devout, Gracious Large parish, he visited the sick no matter what the weather conditions Used metaphors to preach He set an example to his flock He was the opposite of the monk

42 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5842 The Plowman Lines : The Plowman A PLOWMAN, and his brother, Hard worker They loaded and transported many carts with dung, and many other Living in peace and perfect charity. He loved God most, and that with his whole heart Was not materialistic He'd thresh and dig, and never thought of wealth, He paid his taxes with his labor and when necessary he would sell his possessions. He rode a mare (female horse)

43 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5843 The Miller’s Portrait Lines : The Miller Strong Huge in size (16 stone), big bone Wrestler Red Beard/Hair Nose, Wart w/2 hairs Sword & buckler at his side Jester Stole corn and charged 3x the price Gold thumb Bagpipe Miller’s name is Robin

44 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5844 The College Manciple Lines : The College Manciple Steward or purchaser Learned in the art of buying victuals (food); Came from the Inner Temple (Masonic Temple- Mason) Cash or credit, he knew all the rituals, That he knew the markets, watched them closely, and found himself ahead, he did quite nicely Shameless wrangler, belligerent, lecherous A vulgar man

45 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5845 The Reeve Lines : The Reeve A slender choleric man Very close shave Short hair Long and lean Estate Manager He understood farming and livestock No auditor could ever find anything He knew about cunning and deceit; They were afraid of him as of the death. He had a nice cottage

46 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5846 The Summoner Lines : The Summoner He gets people into church, he summons them He had a fiery-red, cherubic face, He had pimples and nothing could fix it With black and scabby brows and scanty beard; He had a face that little children feared. He loved garlic, onions, leeks, and loved to drink strong blood red wine until dizzy. Then he would talk and shout as if he's crazy.Then would he utter no word except Latin. He was a noble rascal

47 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5847 The Pardoner Lines : The Pardoner Straight from the court of Rome had journeyed he. Loudly he sang "Come hither, love, to me,“ Long yellow locks, fell like rat tails With unbound hair, except his cap, head all bare. As shiny eyes he had as a hare. He had a fine Veronica (relic) sewed to his cap. His knapsack lay before him in his lap, stuffed full with pardons brought from Rome all hot

48 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5848 The Pardoner Lines : The Pardoner A voice that sounded like a goat. Feminine features I think he was a gelding (castrated) or a mare. He sold relics “For in his bag he had a pillow-case Of which he said, it was Our True Lady's veil: He said he had a piece of the very sail that good Saint Peter had, on the time he sailed In that one day he gathered more money than the parson in two months, that easy”. He used flattery and preached with his smooth tongue

49 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5849 Host- Harry Bailey, Tabard Inn High class hostelry Our Host gave us welcome His eyes were bright His girth a little wide Bold in speech Yet wise and full of tact Merry hearted man

50 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5850 Past and Past Perfect Tenses Past tense Past perfect tense is a verb showing an action or a condition that began and ended in the past Indicates an action or a condition that ended before another past action began

51 Mrs. Billet Canterbury Tales /5851 Past and Past Perfect Tenses This estimable (esteem) Merchant so had set His wits to work, none knew he was in debt… PAST PERFECT TENSE PAST TENSE


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