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The Life and Leadership of Warren Gamaliel Bennis.

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1 The Life and Leadership of Warren Gamaliel Bennis

2 In 2007, BusinessWeek called him “one of ten business school professors who have had the greatest influence on business thinking.”

3 The Financial Times recently named his classic book Leaders one of the top 50 books of all time

4 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

5 1925 Warren Gamaliel Bennis was born in New York City to Jewish parents

6 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1944 Bennis joined U.S. Army & fought in the European Theatre

7 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1944 Bennis joined U.S. Army & fought in the European Theatre

8 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1944 Bennis joined U.S. Army & fought in the European Theatre “I was the rawest 2 nd Lieutenant in the U.S. Army, a 19-yr-old shave-tail trying to keep my platoon (and myself) alive as we pursued the retreating enemy into Germany.”

9 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH – 1947 Bennis left the U.S. Army Entered Antioch College on the G.I. Bill Majored in Business

10 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH College Educational Co-operative “The head of the chemical company was a deeply religious man who lived his faith. He took a liking to me and even invited me to go to church with him several times. My guess is that he hoped I would be inspired by his example and take the Lord as my personal savior. In Europe I had been in many of the great cathedrals, so I was comfortable in church and stood and sang and respectfully lowered my head whenever he did. But I had no spiritual awakening.”

11 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH–1951 Married his 1 st wife – Lucille Rose Graduated from Antioch College Went to Graduate School at M.I.T. Majored in Economics & Social Science 1/3 of his graduate program was at Harvard

12 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH–1952 Bennis And His Wife Divorce

13 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH–1952 Bennis And His Wife Divorce “Lucille and I didn’t fight, didn’t yell. We cried a little, but mostly we stood by doing nothing as our marriage unraveled. When I flew to London in the fall of 1952, she stayed behind. The divorce followed in due time.”

14 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH “For reasons I still can’t sort out (the pressure of graduate school was no doubt one), I experienced terrible anxiety that year in London. It hit me suddenly. I was in a butcher shop one day and ran out when the butcher picked up a cleaver and slammed it down on a piece of meat. I couldn’t bear to be alone. I would lie awake, unable to fall asleep until four in the morning. I went to see the film A Place in the Sun, and my heart began to pound so hard that I walked out halfway through. I began having a recurrent dream.... It was horrifying…”

15 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1955 Earned the PhD from M.I.T Taught at M.I.T. for the academic year

16 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Taught at Boston University 1959 Returned to teach at M.I.T.

17 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Taught in Switzerland at IMEDE International Management Development Institute

18 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Married 2 nd wife – Clurie Williams Harvard Business School offered him a faculty position with tenure Bennis turned Harvard down to return to teach at M.I.T.

19 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1964 Birth of 1 st child – Kate Co-director Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, India M.I.T. Department Chair

20 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1966 Birth of 2 nd Child – John 1967 Provost of Social Sciences State University of New York in Buffalo 1968 Birth of 3 rd Child – Will

21 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Exec. V.P. of State University of New York Height of Vietnam anti-war protests

22 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1970 Resigned University of New York in public protest of use of riot police on the campus

23 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1970 Interviewed For University Presidencies: Northwestern University State University of New York Boston University

24 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH President of University of Cincinnati

25 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1977 Resigned from University of Cincinnati Spent 2 yrs. deciding what to do with life 1979 Had a major heart attack at age 53 while in London He and his 2 nd wife Clurie divorce

26 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Concerning His 2 nd Divorce Bennis Says: “We had unraveled for many reasons. At Buffalo and Cincinnati I stole time from my family in my drive to transform those universities. There were cultural pressures as well..... And as much as I knew I would miss my children desperately and Clurie as well, I was drawn to Northern California, lured by both its first-rate academic institutions and the liberating counterculture that had been born there in the 1960’s.”

27 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH – 1979 For “Northern California (with) its first-rate academic institutions and the liberating counterculture that had been born there in the 1960’s”…

28 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH – 1979 For “Northern California (with) its first-rate academic institutions and the liberating counterculture that had been born there in the 1960’s”… Bennis left his 2 nd wife

29 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH – 1979 For “Northern California (with) its first-rate academic institutions and the liberating counterculture that had been born there in the 1960’s”… Bennis left his 2 nd wife An 11 year old son

30 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH – 1979 For “Northern California (with) its first-rate academic institutions and the liberating counterculture that had been born there in the 1960’s”… Bennis left his 2 nd wife An 11 year old son A 13 year old son

31 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH – 1979 For “Northern California (with) its first-rate academic institutions and the liberating counterculture that had been born there in the 1960’s”… Bennis left his 2 nd wife An 11 year old son A 13 year old son A 15 year old daughter

32 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH – 1979 Moved to Sausalito, California Lived on a houseboat still deciding what to do with his life Now 54 years old

33 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1979–80 Became A Zen Buddhist “Alan Watts, a former Anglican priest who was turning the country on to Zen Buddhism just as he had the Beat poets, lived two gates over. I would sometimes see Watts in one of his kimonos, which he preferred to Western dress. I soon began attending his Thursday-night lectures on Zen, science, sexuality, and alternative ways of being…”

34 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Hired To Analyze Werner Erhard’s EST Seminars

35 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Hired To Analyze Werner Erhard’s EST Seminars According to Erhard: EST is similar to Scientology: Scientology focuses on “Survival” EST focuses on “Wholeness”

36 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH “Expanding one’s consciousness was the rage in Northern California, and I tried just about every New Age-y, counterculture thing that came along. Will Schutz’s ex-wife introduced me to channeling. An astrologer came to the houseboat and did my chart. Surely a nutritionist attempted to align my diet with my chakras…”

37 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1980 Began teaching at USC at age 55 Still teaches there today at age – 2010 Has authored or co-authored 23 of his 30 books

38 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 1992 Married Dr. Grace Gabe – Jewish ceremony

39 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Bennis Remains A Practicing Buddhist “Trudy Goodman is another source of health in my everyday life. She is my Buddhist teacher. A wise woman, Trudy comes to the house once a week, where we meditate and talk about the things that matter most at this time in my life. I can discuss things with Trudy that would only worry friends and family. She has a way of placing fears &other emotions into a timeless, spiritual context that always puts me at ease.”

40 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP

41 Bennis Is Widely Regarded As A Leadership Guru

42 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Bennis Is Widely Regarded As A Leadership Guru He has authored 30 books & countless articles on leadership

43 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Bennis Is Widely Regarded As A Leadership Guru He has authored 30 books & countless articles on leadership He has taught leadership for almost 6 decades

44 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP In 2007, BusinessWeek called him “one of ten business school professors who have had the greatest influence on business thinking.”

45 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP The Financial Times recently named his classic book Leaders one of the top 50 books of all time

46 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Some of Bennis’ Major Leadership Theories

47 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Has 4 Basic Qualities

48 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Has 4 Basic Qualities 1 st – Managing other people’s attention

49 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Has 4 Basic Qualities 1 st – Managing other people’s attention 2 nd – Managing meaning by communicating well

50 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Has 4 Basic Qualities 1 st – Managing other people’s attention 2 nd – Managing meaning by communicating well 3 rd – Managing others’ trust

51 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Has 4 Basic Qualities 1 st – Managing other people’s attention 2 nd – Managing meaning by communicating well 3 rd – Managing others’ trust 4 th – Accurate Self-knowledge of strengths & weaknesses

52 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Also Has 7 Characteristics Of Effective Performance

53 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Also Has 7 Characteristics Of Effective Performance 1. Business Literacy

54 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Also Has 7 Characteristics Of Effective Performance 1. Business Literacy 2. People Skills

55 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Also Has 7 Characteristics Of Effective Performance 1. Business Literacy 2. People Skills 3. Conceptual Skills

56 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Also Has 7 Characteristics Of Effective Performance 1. Business Literacy 2. People Skills 3. Conceptual Skills 4. Track Record

57 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Also Has 7 Characteristics Of Effective Performance 1. Business Literacy 2. People Skills 3. Conceptual Skills 4. Track Record 5. Taste

58 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Also Has 7 Characteristics Of Effective Performance 1. Business Literacy 2. People Skills 3. Conceptual Skills 4. Track Record 5. Taste 6. Judgment

59 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 1 – Every Great Leader Also Has 7 Characteristics Of Effective Performance 1. Business Literacy 2. People Skills 3. Conceptual Skills 4. Track Record 5. Taste 6. Judgment 7. Character

60 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 2 – Life’s “Crucibles” Make Great Leaders

61 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 2 – Life’s “Crucibles” Make Great Leaders

62 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 2 – Life’s “Crucibles” Make Great Leaders Great Leaders Are NOT Born

63 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 2 – Life’s “Crucibles” Make Great Leaders Great Leaders Are NOT Born Great Leaders Are Forged & Shaped:

64 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 2 – Life’s “Crucibles” Make Great Leaders Great Leaders Are NOT Born Great Leaders Are Forged & Shaped: - Thru Life experiences

65 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 2 – Life’s “Crucibles” Make Great Leaders Great Leaders Are NOT Born Great Leaders Are Forged & Shaped: - Thru Life experiences - Thru what they learn from them

66 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 3 – Leaders Aren’t Intrinsically Transcendent

67 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 3 – Leaders Aren’t Intrinsically Transcendent “Historians tend to write about great leaders as if they possessed transcendent genius, as if they were capable of creating their visions and sense of destiny out of some mysterious resource. Perhaps some do, but upon closer examination it usually turns out that the vision did not originate with the leader personally but rather from others…”

68 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 3 – Leaders Aren’t Intrinsically Transcendent

69 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 3 – Leaders Aren’t Intrinsically Transcendent Bennis puts leaders on a level playing field

70 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 3 – Leaders Aren’t Intrinsically Transcendent Bennis puts leaders on a level playing field Does not deny that some are more gifted

71 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 3 – Leaders Aren’t Intrinsically Transcendent Bennis puts leaders on a level playing field Does not deny that some are more gifted Denies that leadership is the exclusive possession of the intrinsically “great.”

72 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 4 – Leaders Must Earn Their Followers’ Respect

73 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 4 – Leaders Must Earn Their Followers’ Respect Bennis credits learning this to the U.S. Army

74 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 4 – Leaders Must Earn Their Followers’ Respect Bennis credits learning this to the U.S. Army “Our instructors at Fort Benning, charged with the unenviable task of turning raw material into officers, had tried to warn us how important it was to prove ourselves to those we led. It was one of countless ways they tried, at record speed, to create officers who inspired trust and, thus, might stay alive long enough to win the war. You can’t command respect, they warned us: “Don’t flaunt those gold bars. You have to earn them….”

75 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 5 – The Necessity of Voluntary Enrollment

76 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 5 – The Necessity of Voluntary Enrollment “Voluntary enrollment” is necessary for effective leadership

77 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 5 – The Necessity of Voluntary Enrollment

78 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 5 – The Necessity of Voluntary Enrollment What enables leaders to cause people to want to follow?

79 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 5 – The Necessity of Voluntary Enrollment What enables leaders to cause people to want to follow? 1. Strong Vision

80 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 5 – The Necessity of Voluntary Enrollment What enables leaders to cause people to want to follow? 1. Strong Vision 2. Optimism

81 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 5 – The Necessity of Voluntary Enrollment

82 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 5 – The Necessity of Voluntary Enrollment “Leaders keep their eyes on the horizon, not just the bottom line. ”

83 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 5 – The Necessity of Voluntary Enrollment “Leaders keep their eyes on the horizon, not just the bottom line.” “Leaders encourage organizations to dance to music forms yet to be heard.”

84 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 5 – The Necessity of Voluntary Enrollment

85 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 5 – The Necessity of Voluntary Enrollment “True leaders have an uncanny way of enrolling people in their vision through their optimism – sometimes unwarranted optimism. For them the glass is not half- full, it’s brimming. They believe – all of the exemplary leaders that we have studied – that they can change the world, or at the very least, put a dent in the universe. They’re all purveyors of hope. Confucius said that leaders are ‘dealers in hope.’”

86 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 6 – The Necessity of Transparency

87 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 6 – The Necessity of Transparency “When we speak of “transparency,” we mean much more than the standard business definition of the term—full disclosure of financial information to investors….Because no organization can be honest with the public if it’s not honest with itself, we define transparency broadly, as the degree to which information flows freely within an organization, among managers and employees, and outward to stakeholders.”

88 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership

89 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership Bennis Rejects Theories Of Leadership That:

90 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership Bennis Rejects Theories Of Leadership That: Assert that leaders choose leadership style based on the situation

91 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership Bennis Rejects Theories Of Leadership That: Assert that leaders a choose leadership style based on the situation Assert that situations call for leaders with a particular leadership style

92 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership

93 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership In this regard, Bennis is in agreement with:

94 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership In this regard, Bennis is in agreement with: John Kotter

95 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership In this regard, Bennis is in agreement with: John Kotter Rensis Likert

96 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership In this regard, Bennis is in agreement with: John Kotter Rensis Likert Abraham Zaleznik

97 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership In this regard, Bennis is in agreement with: John Kotter Rensis Likert Abraham Zaleznik Doug McGregor

98 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership

99 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership Bennis: All leaders basically need to do the same things

100 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership Bennis: All leaders basically need to do the same things Bennis Differentiates:

101 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership Bennis: All leaders basically need to do the same things Bennis Differentiates: Essential qualities of good leaders

102 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership Bennis: All leaders basically need to do the same things Bennis Differentiates: Essential qualities of good leaders Essential qualities of good managers

103 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership Bennis: All leaders basically need to do the same things Bennis Differentiates between: Essential qualities of good leaders Essential qualities of good managers “Leaders are people who do the right thing.

104 SUMMARY OF BENNIS’ RESEARCH, WRITINGS, AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Theory 7– Rejects Contingency Theories of Leadership Bennis: All leaders basically need to do the same things Bennis Differentiates between: Essential qualities of good leaders Essential qualities of good managers “Leaders are people who do the right thing. Managers are people who do the thing right.”

105

106 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS

107 We Cannot Overlook Bennis’ Worldview

108 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS We Cannot Overlook Bennis’ Worldview He is a Buddhist Pantheist

109 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS We Cannot Overlook Bennis’ Worldview He is a Buddhist Pantheist He is a Secular Humanist

110 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS We Cannot Overlook Bennis’ Worldview He is a Buddhist Pantheist He is a Secular Humanist He is a Leftist

111 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS We Cannot Overlook Bennis’ Worldview He is a Buddhist Pantheist He is a Secular Humanist He is a Leftist He embraces a subjective view of morality

112 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS We Cannot Overlook Bennis’ Worldview He is a Buddhist Pantheist He is a Secular Humanist He is a Leftist He embraces a subjective view of morality He embraces and practices hedonism

113 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Does Bennis’ worldview mean that we, as Christian leaders, cannot learn from him?

114 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS We can learn a lot from Bennis’ Leadership Theories if:

115 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS We can learn a lot from Bennis’ Leadership Theories if: We carefully evaluate his theories before adopting them

116 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS We can learn a lot from Bennis’ Leadership Theories if: We carefully evaluate his theories before adopting them We distinguish between Bennis’ theory and practice

117 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Most of Bennis’ major theoretical ideas on leadership are redeemable for use in Christian leadership

118 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis’ Theoretical Leadership Qualities Are Biblical Sound

119 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis’ Theoretical Leadership Qualities Are Biblical Sound Holding people’s attention

120 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis’ Theoretical Leadership Qualities Are Biblical Sound Holding people’s attention Good communication

121 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis’ Theoretical Leadership Qualities Are Biblical Sound Holding people’s attention Good communication Earning and keeping trust on the part of those we lead

122 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis’ Theoretical Leadership Qualities Are Biblical Sound Holding people’s attention Good communication Earning and keeping trust on the part of those we lead Having vision and holding forth hope to those we lead

123 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis’ Theoretical Leadership Qualities Are Biblical Sound Holding people’s attention Good communication Earning and keeping trust on the part of those we lead Having vision and holding forth hope to those we lead Accurate self-awareness of strengths & weaknesses

124 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis’ Theoretical Leadership Qualities Are Biblical Sound Holding people’s attention Good communication Earning and keeping trust on the part of those we lead Having vision and holding forth hope to those we lead Accurate self-awareness of strengths & weaknesses Need for transparency on the part of the leader

125 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis’ position that, for the most part, great leaders are ordinary people who are forged through unique circumstances is very consistent with Scripture

126 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS What Is The Problem With Bennis And Leadership?

127 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS What Is The Problem With Bennis And Leadership?

128 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS What Is The Problem With Bennis And Leadership?

129 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS What Is The Problem With Bennis And Leadership? Bennis Does Not Seek To Apply What He Claims To Believe

130 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS What Is The Problem With Bennis And Leadership? Bennis Does Not Seek To Apply What He Claims To Believe Bennis advocates earning and keeping the trust of those they lead as an absolute necessity of leadership

131 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS What Is The Problem With Bennis And Leadership? Bennis Does Not Seek To Apply What He Claims To Believe Bennis advocates earning and keeping the trust of those they lead as an absolute necessity of leadership His autobiography reveals an unbelievable disconnect between his theory and practice

132 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis Does Not Seek To Apply What He Claims To Believe

133 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis Does Not Seek To Apply What He Claims To Believe He sacrificed both of his first 2 marriages for his career

134 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis Does Not Seek To Apply What He Claims To Believe He s acrificed both of his first 2 marriages for his career Bennis abandoned his 2 nd wife and 3 young children for Northern California’s “first-rate academic institutions and the liberating counterculture that had been born there in the 1960’s”

135 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis Does Not Seek To Apply What He Claims To Believe:

136 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Bennis Does Not Seek To Apply What He Claims To Believe: Yet he writes:???????

137 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS In terms of Biblical Leadership:

138 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS In terms of Biblical Leadership: Leadership failure at the micro level disqualifies a leader for leadership at the macro level

139 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS How do we Biblically and Theologically Evaluate Bennis’ idea that “Optimism” is an essential mark of leadership?

140 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Is “optimism” always the mark of leadership?

141 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS In Scripture, were God’s Prophets leaders?

142 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Did “optimism” always mark God’s prophets?

143 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Did “optimism” always mark God’s prophets? At times the prophets brought optimism and hope

144 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Did “optimism” always mark God’s prophets? At times the prophets brought optimism and hope At times the prophets were heralds of judgment

145 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Did “optimism” always mark God’s prophets? At times the prophets brought optimism and hope At times the prophets were the heralds of judgment Often purveyors of optimism were false prophets

146 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Compare in I Kings 22

147 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Compare in I Kings 22 The “optimism” of the false prophet Zedekiah

148 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Compare in I Kings 22 The “optimism” of the false prophet Zedekiah AND

149 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS Compare in I Kings 22 The “optimism” of the false prophet Zedekiah AND The “pessimism” of God’s prophet Micaiah

150 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS At Times, “Optimism” IS A Mark Of Biblical Leadership

151 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS At times, “Optimism” IS A Mark Of Biblical Leadership At Times “Optimism” IS NOT A Mark Of Biblical Leadership

152 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS At times, “Optimism” IS A Mark Of Biblical Leadership At Times “Optimism” IS NOT A Mark Of Biblical Leadership “Optimism” Is NOT An ESSENTIAL Mark Of Biblical Leadership

153 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When Is “Optimism” NOT A Mark Of Biblical Leadership?

154 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When Is “Optimism” NOT A Mark Of Biblical Leadership? Hmmmmmm…

155 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When Is “Optimism” NOT A Mark Of Biblical Leadership?

156 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS I Didn’t Really Say That ____ I Just Thought It Out Loud

157 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When Is “Optimism” NOT A Mark Of Biblical Leadership?

158 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When Is “Optimism” NOT A Mark Of Biblical Leadership? “Optimism” and “Hope” for the the unrepentant

159 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When Is Optimism NOT A Mark Of Biblical Leadership? “Optimism” and “Hope” for the unrepentant “Optimism” and “Hope” that leads people to hope in hope

160 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When Is Optimism NOT A Mark Of Biblical Leadership? “Optimism” and “Hope” for the future of the unrepentant “Optimism” and “Hope” that leads people to hope in hope “Optimism” and “Hope” not grounded in the Person of Christ

161 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When Is Optimism NOT A Mark Of Biblical Leadership? “Optimism” and “Hope” for the future of the unrepentant “Optimism” and “Hope” that leads people to hope in hope “Optimism” and “Hope” not grounded in the Person of Christ “Optimism” and “Hope” not grounded in the Work of Christ

162 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When Is Optimism NOT A Mark Of Biblical Leadership? “Optimism” and “Hope” for the future of the unrepentant “Optimism” and “Hope” that leads people to hope in hope “Optimism” and “Hope” not grounded in the Person of Christ “Optimism” and “Hope” not grounded in the Work of Christ “Optimism” and “Hope” not grounded in personal trust in Christ

163 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When IS Optimism A Mark Of Biblical Leadership?

164 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When IS Optimism A Mark Of Biblical Leadership? “Optimism” and “Hope” that is rooted in a firm conviction of the power of the Gospel to change the lives of broken people, including the leader

165 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When IS Optimism A Mark Of Biblical Leadership? “Optimism” and “Hope” that is rooted in a firm conviction of the power of the Gospel to change the lives of broken people, including the leader “Optimism” & “Hope” in the triumph of the Gospel

166 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS When IS Optimism A Mark Of Biblical Leadership? “Optimism” and “Hope” rooted in a firm conviction of the power of the Gospel to change the lives of broken people, including the leader “Optimism” & “Hope” in the triumph of the Gospel “Optimism” & “Hope” in the power of God’s Word

167 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS “Optimism” may or may not mark the Biblical Leader

168 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS “Optimism” may or may not mark the Biblical Leader What does mark the Biblical Leader is:

169 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS “Optimism” may or may not mark the Biblical Leader What does mark the Biblical Leader is: Faithfulness To God

170 BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF BENNIS’ LEADERSHIP THEORY AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MINISTRY SETTINGS “Optimism” may or may not mark the Biblical Leader What does mark the Biblical Leader is: Faithfulness To God Faithfulness To His Word

171

172 MAJOR WORKS OF WARREN BENNIS

173 Bennis, Warren, and Patricia Ward Biederman. Still Surprised: A Memoir Of A Life In Leadership. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey- Bass, ———. Organizing Genius: The Secrets Of Creative Collaboration. New York, N.Y.: Perseus, ———. The Essential Bennis: Essays On Leadership. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey-Bass, Bennis, Warren, Kenneth D. Benne, and Robert Chin. The Planning of Change. New York, N.Y.:

174 Bennis, Warren, and Joan Goldsmith. Learning to Lead: A Workbook on Becoming a Leader. New York, N.Y.: Basic books, Bennis, Warren, Daniel Goleman, James Outsole, and Patricia Ward Biederman. Transparency: How Leaders Create A Culture Of Candor. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey-Bass, Bennis, Warren, and Michael Mische. The 21st Century Organization: Reinventing Through Reengineering. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey-Bass, MAJOR WORKS OF WARREN BENNIS

175 Bennis,Warren, and Burt Nanus. Leaders: Strategies For Taking Charge. New York, N.Y.: Harper Collins, 1985, Bennis, Warren, Jagdish Parikh, and Ronnie Lessem. Beyond Leadership: Balancing Economics, Ethics and Ecology. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, Bennis, Warren, and Philip E. Slater. The Temporary Society: What is Happening to Business and Family Life in America Under the Impact of Accelerating Change. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey-Bass, 1998.

176 MAJOR WORKS OF WARREN BENNIS Bennis, Warren, and Robert J. Thomas. Geeks and Geezers. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Business Review Press, ———. Leading For A Lifetime: How Defining Moments Shape Leaders Of Today And Tomorrow. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Business Review Press, Bennis, Warren, and Robert Townsend. Reinventing Leadership: Strategies to Empower the Organization. New York, N.Y.: William Morrow, Bennis, Warren, John Van Maanen, Edgar H. Schein, and Fred I. Steele. Essays in Interpersonal Dynamics. Belmont, Calif.: Dorsey Press, 1979.

177 MAJOR WORKS OF WARREN BENNIS Bennis, Warren. An Invented Life: Reflections On Leadership And Change. New York, N.Y.: Perseus, ———. Beyond Bureaucracy: Essays on the Development and Evolution of Human Organization. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey-Bass, ———. Leaning Ivory Tower. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey- Bass ———. On Becoming A Leader: The Leadership Classic. Philadelphia, Pa.: Basic Books, ———. Managing People Is Like Herding Cats. Provo, Utah: Executive Excellence Publishing, 1999.

178 MAJOR WORKS OF WARREN BENNIS ———. Managing the Dream: Reflections on Leadership and Change. New York, N.Y.: Perseus, ———. Why Leaders Can’t Lead: The Unconscious Conspiracy Continues. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey- Bass, Heenan, David A, and Warren Bennis. Co-Leaders: The Power Of Great Partnerships. New York, N.Y.: John Wiley, Heil, Gary, Warren Bennis, and Deborah C. Stephens. Douglas McGregor, Revisited: Managing the Human Side of the Enterprise. New York, N.Y.: John Wiley, 2000.

179 MAJOR WORKS OF WARREN BENNIS Mitroff, Ian, and Warren Bennis. The Unreality Industry: The Deliberate Manufacturing of Falsehood and What It Is Doing to Our Lives. New York, N.Y.: Oxford, Tichy, Noel M, and Warren Bennis. Judgment: How Winning Leaders Make Great Calls. New York, N.Y.: Penguin, 2007.

180 THE END


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