4Salicylic Acid (C7H6O3) COOH OH Salicylic acid is a fine, white powder. It is used externally on the skin. It helps in the treatment of athlete’s foot, ringworm of the scalp, and the removal of warts, corns, and calluses. Salicylic acid is also incorporated into preparations for the treatment of acne, dandruff, seborrhea, and insect bites.
5CreamViscous liquid or semisolid emulsions of either the oil/water(o/w) or water/oil (w/o) type.Examples:O/W type:shaving, hand, and foundation creamsW/O type: cold and emollient creams
6Methods 1. Preparation of Cream IngredientIngredient weight(g) or amount(mL) with Salicylic AcidIngredient weight (g) or amount (mL) without Salicylic AcidWater*19mLWhite Wax (beeswax)+12gSpermaceti Wax+12.5gMineral Oil+54g56gSodium Borate*.5gSalicylic Acid2g0g*Dissolve together using a steam bath till at the temperature of 70oC remove from heat, then immediately add salicylic acid.+Dissolve together using a steam bath till at the temperature of 70oC.-After both mixtures are at appropriate temperatures add together stirring rapidly and continuously until it has congealed.
7OintmentSemisolid preparations intended for the external application to the skin or mucous membranes; usually contain medicinal substances; properties vary.
8Methods 2.Preparation of Ointment IngredientIngredient weight (g) or amount (mL) with Salicylic AcidIngredient weight (g) or amount (mL) without Salicylic Acid^Sodium Lauryl Sulfate1g^Propylene Glycol12g#Stearyl alcohol25g#White Petrolatum^Methylparaben0.025g^Propylparaben0.015g^water33mL35mLSalicylic Acid2g0g^Dissolve together using a steam bath till at the temperature of 75oC remove from heat, then immediately add salicylic acid#Dissolve together using a steam bath till at the temperature of 75oC.-after both mixtures are at the appropriate temperatures add together stirring rapidly and continuously until it has congealed.
9PasteConcentrates of absorptive powders dispersed (usually) in petrolatum or hydrophilic petrolatum. Often used in the treatment of oozing lesions. Are also used to restrict the area of treatment by acting as an absorbent.
10Methods 3.Preparation of Paste IngredientIngredient weight (g) with Salicylic acidIngredient weight (g) without salicylic acid#Zinc Oxide25g#StarchWhite Petrolatum48g50gSalicylic Acid2g0g#Mix the ingredients together in a mortar and pestle, then add salicylic acid to mixture and then mix in the white petrolatum.
12Preparation of Diluted Alcohol 515 mL of 95% ethyl alcohol USP was measured using volumetric flask and graduated cylinder.500 mL of deionized water was measured using volumetric flask.Ethyl alcohol and deionized water was combined for a 49% alcohol solution.
13Preparation of 0.1 N Sodium Hydroxide 8 grams of sodium hydroxide pellets was weighed and dissolved in deionized water and filled to 2 L mark on volumetric flask.
14Methodsa. To 25 mL of diluted alcohol (49%), one drop of phenolphthalein TS and sufficient 0.1 N sodium hydroxide from a buret was used to produce a faint pink color.
15Methodsb. Five grams from one preparation was added and mixed for five minutes at 300 rpms on a stir plate.
16Methodsc. After the five minutes was up, the liquid in the flask was clear or white.
17Methodsd. Drops of 0.1 N sodium hydroxide from a buret was added to the flask slowly till a faint pink color developed.
18Methodse. The amount of 0.1 N sodium hydroxide used was recorded to determine the precision.
19Amount of Salicylic Acid in Dosage Forms Each mL of 0.1 N sodium hydroxide is equivalent to mg of salicylic acid.
20Results 5. The precision of our preparations. Cream45.3%Ointment38.4%Paste32.6 %
21ConclusionDue to inconsistencies in the data it was concluded that maybe there was not sufficient mixing time for the release of salicylic acid from the base...
22or maybe it was because I couldn’t stop eating the paste!!
23AcknowledgementsI would like to thank Dr. Al-Achi for all of his help in completing this experiment and Mrs. Freeman for all of her guidance, time, and patience.