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Al-Mahdi The Twelfth Imam By A.S. Hashim. MD. In this Slide Show Discussed in this Slide Show: Lineage Hadiths on his behalf Al-Askari explains to his.

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Presentation on theme: "Al-Mahdi The Twelfth Imam By A.S. Hashim. MD. In this Slide Show Discussed in this Slide Show: Lineage Hadiths on his behalf Al-Askari explains to his."— Presentation transcript:

1 Al-Mahdi The Twelfth Imam By A.S. Hashim. MD

2 In this Slide Show Discussed in this Slide Show: Lineage Hadiths on his behalf Al-Askari explains to his son Al-Mahdi Al-Mahdi Becomes the Imam Salat of Janaaza During the Minor Occultation Uthman Al-Amri, the 1st Safeer: Uthman Al-Amri, the 1st Safeer: Muhammad Ibn Uthman Al-Amri, the 2nd Safeer Husain Ibn Rooh, the 3rd Safeer Ibn Muhammad Al-Sammari, the 4th Safeer End of the Minor Occultation Sample Du’aa Sample Pronouncement [Tawkii’ التوقيع]

3 Lineage Al-Mahdi Al-Askari Al-Haadi Al-Jawaad Al-Ridha Al-Kadhim Al-Saadiq Al-Baaqir Zainul Abideen Al-Husain Ali Ahlul Bayt

4 Lineage FatherAl-Askari MotherNarjis Al-Mahdi Benu Hashim Ahlul Bayt Disciple of Jesus Simon,

5 Circumstances of the Birth Pregnancy of Al-Mahdi's mother was top secret even to close family members and friends. Exceptional precautions were necessary to evade Benu Abbas from discovering the event and destroying the baby When Narjis was due to give birth to Al-Mahdi, Al-Askari asked his great-aunt Hakimah to supervise the event. When Narjis was due to give birth to Al-Mahdi, Al-Askari asked his great-aunt Hakimah to supervise the event. Hakimah was fasting at the time since it was the 15th of Sha'ban. After breaking her fast, Hakimah stayed in the house, kept praying while waiting until early in the morning when the blessed event took place and Al-Mahdi was born.

6 Birth Year 255H: Al-Mahdi was born in Samur'raa in the year 255H. Year 255H: Al-Mahdi was born in Samur'raa in the year 255H. His father, Al-Askari, said the Athan in his right ear and the Iqaama in the left. His father, Al-Askari, said the Athan in his right ear and the Iqaama in the left. For the Aqeeqah Al-Askari asked his confidante, Uthman Al-Amri, to purchase 300 rams, sacrifice them, then distribute them to members of Benu Talib. For the Aqeeqah Al-Askari asked his confidante, Uthman Al-Amri, to purchase 300 rams, sacrifice them, then distribute them to members of Benu Talib. Al-Askari also asked him to distribute a large amount of meat and flour to the poor of Samur'raa. Al-Askari also asked him to distribute a large amount of meat and flour to the poor of Samur'raa. Aqeeqah was done in compliance with the Prophet's recommendation, however this Aqeeqah was special, for the newborn was very special too. Aqeeqah was done in compliance with the Prophet's recommendation, however this Aqeeqah was special, for the newborn was very special too.

7 Lineage Al-Mahdi grew up in an environment that was restrictive to an exceptional extent He was detached from contact with people, and his whereabouts were unknown to most people except for the very special, the confidantes, and the trusted ones. He was detached from contact with people, and his whereabouts were unknown to most people except for the very special, the confidantes, and the trusted ones. Al-Mahdi was cared for with love and tender care in a virtuous and pious home but away from people. Al-Mahdi's lineage came from Ahlul Bayt and from Narjis, Narjis was Christian whose line of heritage went back to Simon, the disciple of Isa (Prophet Jesus). Narjis was Christian whose line of heritage went back to Simon, the disciple of Isa (Prophet Jesus). Narjis converted to Islam and became a woman of piety, virtue, and chastity.

8 As Al ‑ Mahdi grows up Al-Mahdi was aware of his father's attachment to him and the special care he gave him. Al-Mahdi was aware of his father's attachment to him and the special care he gave him. His close relationship with his father Al-Askari was that of love and understanding, and extreme protection. Al-Mahdi could not go out but rather was painstakingly sheltered at home by his family. He noticed his father pray devotedly, excessively so, and often say Du'aa, and fast Like his predecessors Al-Mahdi had a very investigative mind which was ever thirsty for knowledge Like his predecessors Al-Mahdi had a very investigative mind which was ever thirsty for knowledge

9 Hadiths on his behalf Of the 38 Hadiths of the Prophet this stands out: “Al-Mahdi is from my progeny. His name is similar to mine and his epithet is similar to mine. In his physique and character he looks like me. He will be in a state of Occultation and there will be confusion (Hayra) in which people will wander about. Then he will come forth like a shooting star to fill the earth with justice and equity as it was filled before with injustice and inequity.”

10 Ali’s Saying on his behalf Imam Ali had said I thought about a child who will be from my flesh, the eleventh from my line of descendants. I thought about a child who will be from my flesh, the eleventh from my line of descendants. He is Al-Mahdi who will fill the earth with justice and equity [righteousness] when the world has reached the height of injustice and Evilness. the height of injustice and Evilness. He will live in a state of occultation, as a result of which a group of people will go astray and another remain faithful. He will live in a state of occultation, as a result of which a group of people will go astray and another remain faithful.

11 More Sayings on his behalf Imam Al-Husain is quoted saying, “The ninth in my lineage will establish Truth and Righteousness. Allah will infuse spirit into the earth through him and the religion of Allah will prevail over all others. His occultation will be very long, and [because of that] plenty of people will go astray but the truthful ones will remain firm in their belief.....” Imam Al-Saadiq is quoted saying, “When Al-Mahdi rises he will summon the people to Islam anew and guide them to a matter which had become lost to them and from which people had gone astray. “When Al-Mahdi rises he will summon the people to Islam anew and guide them to a matter which had become lost to them and from which people had gone astray. He is the only one called Al-Mahdi because he guides to the matter from which men had deviated. He is called Al- Qaa'im because of his rising.”

12 Two more Sayings on his behalf Imam Al-Jawaad is quoted saying, “Al-Qaa'im is from [us] and that he would be Al-Mahdi; he must be awaited by his followers during his Occultation and obeyed at his rising and that he would be my descendant in the third generation.” Imam Al-Haadi is quoted to have written to a loyalist, “The Imam after me is my son Al-Hasan [Al-Askari] and after him will be his son Al-Qaa'im, who will establish justice [righteousness] as the world will be full of injustice and Evilness.”

13 Quoting Sunni Hadith Books From Sahih Bukhari: Narrated Jabir bin Samura: I heard Muhammad saying, "Islam will continue to be strong to twelve Muslim rulers." He then said a sentence which I did not hear. My father said, "All of them (those rulers) will be from Quraish." In a Hadith widely regarded as authentic, Muhammad said, Even if the entire duration of the world's existence has already been exhausted and only one day is left before the Day of Judgment, Allah will expand that day to such a length of time, as to accommodate the kingdom of a person out of Ahlul Bayt who will be called by my name and my father's name. He will then fill the Earth with peace and justice as it will have been filled with injustice and tyranny before then.

14 Al-Askari explains to his son Al-Mahdi Prophet Muhammad tells us that when your time comes, you will go through two Occultations, a minor and a major one. Prophet Muhammad tells us that when your time comes, you will go through two Occultations, a minor and a major one. Benu Abbas put me under house arrest many times, and detained me in cells of their Palace, just to prevent your birth. You were born despite their attempts. And we kept your birth secret except for the confidantes. You are unique, your works will be of global dimensions. This is why we take precautions to evade the eyes of the people, to keep you safe from Benu Abbas.

15 Al-Mahdi Becomes the Imam Al-Mahdi Becomes the Imam Al-Askari got sick and his sickness lasted for 8 days (?poisoned). Al-Askari had confidentially shown Al-Mahdi to his adherents and had designated him as the final Imam. At one occasion (when asked about the subsequent Imam) Al-Askari showed Al-Mahdi to a group of 40 devotees despite the confidentiality of the matter. Al-Askari died after: 1. having entrusted the Corpus of Knowledge in the hands of Al-Mahdi, 2. designating him as the last Imam, and 3. having given him his will. 3. having given him his will.

16 Salat of Janaaza The uncle of Al-Mahdi was about to lead a private Salat of Janaaza Participants consisted of relatives and prominent devotees of Al- Askari called Al-Khaassah, (the Shi’a). Participants consisted of relatives and prominent devotees of Al- Askari called Al-Khaassah, (the Shi’a). Just as he tried to lead Salat of Janaaza a boy came out and commanded: تَنَحَّ يا عم، فأنا أحق منك في الصلآة على أبي تَنَحَّ يا عم، فأنا أحق منك في الصلآة على أبي Uncle, move aside, I have more right than you to pray over my father's body. Startled, the uncle moved aside and Al-Mahdi led the Salat, now that he was the Imam. Startled, the uncle moved aside and Al-Mahdi led the Salat, now that he was the Imam. Also surprised were the participants who had not seen but heard of Al-Mahdi.

17 The other Janaaza Prayer Young Al-Mahdi was described as: Young Al-Mahdi was described as: Radiant, with fairly wide forehead, and spaced front teeth. When Al-Mahdi finished off the Janaaza Salat he left immediately and vanished. When Al-Mahdi finished off the Janaaza Salat he left immediately and vanished. This way Al-Mahdi was witnessed by the crowd Another Salat of Janaaza was performed by a huge crowd: Was led by the brother of the Khalifa Quite possibly the private Janaaza Salat led by Al- Mahdi was followed sometime later by the public one.

18 Whereabouts Initially Al-Mahdi concealed himself somewhere in Samur'raa. Samur'raa was teaming with government employees, Benu Abbas, the Turkics, and militaries of various nationalities. Samur'raa was teaming with government employees, Benu Abbas, the Turkics, and militaries of various nationalities. Al-Mahdi probably hid in the Sirdaab, an exclusive cellar built deeply underground and used by Imam Al-Askari for Salat and seclusion. Al-Mahdi probably hid in the Sirdaab, an exclusive cellar built deeply underground and used by Imam Al-Askari for Salat and seclusion. The Sirdaab's entrance must have been uniquely well camouflaged It successfully evaded all attempts of Benu Abbas to find him In later years Al-Mahdi's headquarters were possibly in Baghdad, known only to his Safeers. In later years Al-Mahdi's headquarters were possibly in Baghdad, known only to his Safeers. Imam Al-Mahdi was seen at the Ka'ba during Haj time.

19 Attestants While available to his Safeers, Imam Al-Mahdi made provisions for meeting with certain adherents at certain occasions. While available to his Safeers, Imam Al-Mahdi made provisions for meeting with certain adherents at certain occasions. This was certified by reports of the adherents in various areas, at different times. This was certified by reports of the adherents in various areas, at different times. The names of 46 such people who had met him are in existence In addition to that 13 Wakeels (representatives) had reported about their meeting with him too

20 Correspondence Imam Al-Mahdi corresponded indirectly with the Shi’a, by way of the Safeer (Ambassador). Imam Al-Mahdi corresponded indirectly with the Shi’a, by way of the Safeer (Ambassador). The Safeer had many Wakeels, (agents) for each Province. The Safeer had many Wakeels, (agents) for each Province. Each Wakeel had subordinate workers and so on down the hierarchy All of them communicated in strict confidentiality. Imam Al-Mahdi's correspondence was: personal sometimes answering Fiqh inquiries at other times, and giving edicts as the occasion arose. giving edicts as the occasion arose. Imam Al-Mahdi's writing was concise, and very clear. This mode and style continued for 69 years.

21 Handwriting The Tawkii' التوقيع(Al-Mahdi's correspondence) given to the Safeers carried exactly the same style of handwriting and signature throughout the years. The Tawkii' التوقيع(Al-Mahdi's correspondence) given to the Safeers carried exactly the same style of handwriting and signature throughout the years. These letters were examined and checked several times to see if they were written by the same person, and such was always the case. The high literary Arabic style of correspondence was also of the same caliber despite the passage of years and the appointment of various Safeers. The high literary Arabic style of correspondence was also of the same caliber despite the passage of years and the appointment of various Safeers. The level of expression was also the same throughout the years, without any change.

22 During the Minor Occultation Safeers (Ambassadors) were appointed by Imam Al-Mahdi, to represent him. Safeers (Ambassadors) were appointed by Imam Al-Mahdi, to represent him. They brought to him the Fiqh questions, inquiries, and the myriad of questions from his adherents (the Shi’a) The Shi’a were residing in diverse areas all over by now, hundreds if not thousands of miles away. The Shi’a were residing in diverse areas all over by now, hundreds if not thousands of miles away. All questions were answered briefly, clearly, some with constructive suggestions, others with predictive sentences foretelling events that came true later on. others with predictive sentences foretelling events that came true later on.

23 During Minor Occultation: The four Appointed Safeers Safeers 1st2nd3rd4th 1. Uthman Al-Amri 2. Muhammad ibn Al-Amri 3. Husain ibn Al-Rooh 4. Muhammad Al-Sammari

24 Time Period of Safeers 1. Uthman Al-Amri: the 1 st Safeer, for 5 years 2. Muhammad ibn Uthman Al-Amri: for 40 years 4. Ibn Muhammad Al-Sammari: for 3 years Appointed Safeers 3. Husain ibn Al-Rooh: for 21 years

25 Uthman Al-Amri, the 1st Safeer: Uthman Al-Amri was a confidante of Imams Al-Haadi, Al- Askari, and Al-Mahdi. Uthman Al-Amri was a confidante of Imams Al-Haadi, Al- Askari, and Al-Mahdi. He had the privilege of performing the Aqeeqah when Al-Mahdi was born, then was in company of the 40 people who were given a chance to see Al-Mahdi when Al-Mahdi was a young boy. With the advent of the Minor Occultation Uthman Al-Amri became the first Safeer appointed by Imam Al-Mahdi. With the advent of the Minor Occultation Uthman Al-Amri became the first Safeer appointed by Imam Al-Mahdi. Letters, communications, or clarifications, were done over a period of several years until he died. Letters, communications, or clarifications, were done over a period of several years until he died.

26 Muhammad Ibn Uthman Al-Amri, the 2nd Safeer Muhammad Ibn Uthman was extremely capable in managing the Wikaalah (administration) which grew many folds. Muhammad Ibn Uthman was extremely capable in managing the Wikaalah (administration) which grew many folds. He conducted his job for 40 years, worked tenaciously and in strict confidentiality He delivered the Imam's written messages to the Shi’a and administered the organization under the authority of Imam Al-Mahdi. He was well known to both Imams Al-Haadi and Al- Askari. He and his father were called the trusted, the reliable, and the confidantes.

27 Muhammad Ibn Uthman Al-Amri, the 2 nd Safeer Muhammad Ibn Uthman expanded the Shi'a organization: he gradually expanded the number of Wakeels (Deputies) in many provinces, The Wakeels were of limited responsibilities, divided into: 1.regional, 2.provincial, then 3.town representation. The Wakeels were directly responsible to the Safeer The Wakeels met with Imam Al-Mahdi many times but had to work in complete confidentiality.

28 Muhammad Ibn Uthman Al-Amri, the 2 nd Safeer Muhammad Ibn Uthman Al-Amri was a pious person trusted both by Al-Mahdi and the Shi’a. Muhammad Ibn Uthman Al-Amri was a pious person trusted both by Al-Mahdi and the Shi’a. During his last years he dug a grave in which he used to sit, pray and say Du'aas, in preparation to meet his Lord. During his last years he dug a grave in which he used to sit, pray and say Du'aas, in preparation to meet his Lord. He prepared his own grave stone and inscribed on it verses from the Quran and the names of the Imams. He was buried in his house. Imam Al-Mahdi foretold the date of the death of the Safeer, and appointed Husain Ibn Rooh to take his place as the third Safeer. Imam Al-Mahdi foretold the date of the death of the Safeer, and appointed Husain Ibn Rooh to take his place as the third Safeer. Muhammad Ibn Uthman was buried in Baghdad, and his tomb still exists, it is called Al-Khillani.

29 Al-Mahdi in Haj Al-Mahdi used to perform the Haj every year. Al-Mahdi used to perform the Haj every year. Haj season was to meet and exchange information, since people from far away and of different localities would gather Haj time was used extensively to streamline the activities. Al-Wakeels who had met Imam Al-Mahdi became affected with a form of disorientation, and only after he left did they come to the conclusion that it was Al-Mahdi himself. Some people say they ate with him, others saw him while in Sujood in Mecca uttering Du'aa, then leaving with a narrator to the house of Khadija, the wife of the Prophet.

30 Al-Mahdi in Haj A narrator said he saw the Imam doing Tawaf around the Ka'ba, and described him: as good looking, with very pleasing perfume, respectful demeanor, awe inspiring personality, yet was close to the people in his articulation. During Haj time Al-Mahdi used to meet with the special of his partisans and devotees, discuss with them and solve their problems for them.

31 Husain Ibn Rooh, the 3rd Safeer Year 305H Husain Ibn Rooh was a highly respected person whom the Imams Al-Askari and Al-Mahdi knew well. Husain Ibn Rooh was a highly respected person whom the Imams Al-Askari and Al-Mahdi knew well. He was distinguished by his sharp acumen and quick mind, He was highly influential in the government, At the same time he was in charge of the Shi'a organization without the government’s knowledge. At the same time he was in charge of the Shi'a organization without the government’s knowledge. He continued to keep contact with the Imam and bring back his written answers (Tawkii’ التوقيع) to the Wakeels.

32 Husain Ibn Rooh, the 3 rd Safeer Husain Ibn Rooh refined the Shi'a organization (Wikaalah), which had become highly developed by now. Husain Ibn Rooh refined the Shi'a organization (Wikaalah), which had become highly developed by now. He had a magnetic personality, and was quick minded Once he was imprisoned suspecting him against the government, but was later released to assume an important post in the government once more. Once he was imprisoned suspecting him against the government, but was later released to assume an important post in the government once more. Husain Ibn Rooh carried out his duties as a Safeer for 21 years.

33 Ibn Muhammad Al-Sammari, the 4th Safeer Year 326H Ibn Muhammad Al-Sammari carried out his duties well, just as well as his predecessors His headquarters were also in Baghdad It is assumed that Imam Al-Mahdi resided in Baghdad too for easier communication. It is assumed that Imam Al-Mahdi resided in Baghdad too for easier communication. Ibn Muhammad Al-Sammari undertook his duties for 3 years only, when by 329H he got a message from Imam Al-Mahdi which was the last Tawkii'.

34 End of the Minor Occultation 329H Imam Al-Mahdi’s last Tawkii’التوقيع said: "May Allah give good reward to your brethren concerning you (i.e. on your death), for indeed you shall die after the sixth day. So prepare your affairs, and do not appoint anyone to take your place after your death. For the Major Occultation has now started, and there can be no appearance until (after a long time when Allah gives His permission) hearts become hardened and the world becomes filled with injustice " يا علي ابن محمد، أعْظمَ الله أجر إخوانك فيك، إنك ميتٌ ما بينك وبين (الموت) ستة أيام، فاجمع أمرك ولا توصي إلى أحدٍ يقوم مقامك بعد وفاتك، فقد وقعت الغيبة التَّامه فلا ظُهور إلاّ بعد أن يأذن الله تعالى، وذلك على طول المده وقُوَّة القلوب وامتلآء الأرض جورا

35 The Minor Occultation Lasted 69 years: 260H to 329H With 4 Safeers: 1.Uthman Al-Amri 2.Muhammad son of Uthman Al-Amri 3.Husain Ibn Rooh 4.Ibn Muhammad Al-Sammari Keeping contact with the Imam, bring his written answers, Tawkii‘' التوقيع to the Wakeels الوكيل. The administration is called Wikaalah الوكاله

36 During the Minor Occultation Political debility affecting the Abbasi rule. 1.The Zinj [the Blacks], who had rebelled and ruled Basrah province for 20 years 2.Relative independence of the Tahiri in Iran, 3.Fatimi Dynasty succeeded in 295H established themselves in North Africa and then Egypt. 4.The Qaramita, a destructive element, played havoc in many areas locally and far away. 5.Besides, the Zaidi were agitating, keeping the government preoccupied. Khalifas were anxiety ridden fearing for their lives and loss of their power.

37 Khalifas between 248H-329H Name Approximate Period Al-Muntasir 6 Months Al-Musta’een 2 Yrs and 9 Months Al-Mu’taz 3 Yrs and 6 Months Al-Muhtadi 11 Months Al-Mu’tamid 23 Yrs Al-Mu’tadhid 9 Yrs and 9 Months Al-Mu’ktafi 6 Yrs and 6 Months Al-Muq’tadir until removed 21 Yrs and 2 Months Al-Muq’tadir until killed 3 Yrs and 9 Months Al-Qaahir 1 Yr and 6 monts Al-Radhi 6 Yrs and 11 Months

38 Khalifas fighting for their life Instability, leading to paranoia of the Khalifas and fear for their lives. Some ruled for a mere few months to 2-3 years. The lucky one could muster 10 years of rule. Subordinates, (Khalifa’s own slaves) dictating on the Khalifa, and he had to comply or else. General unrest and anxiety of the public. Political turmoil and revolts. Lack of confidence in the Khalifas and government. Even derogatory poems were said about them: See Next Slide

39 Weakening of the Khilaafah Khilaafah becomes very weak as the poet eloquently expressed: The Khalifa is in a cage, at the mercy of the slaves, And just as a parrot does, he echoes what to him they say. بين وصيفٍ وبغا كما تقول الببغا خليفة في قفصٍ يقول ما قالا له

40 During the Minor Occultation Sunni Hadiths books authored during Al-Mahdi’s period: 1. al-Tirmidhi 2. al-Nisaa'i 3. Ibn Maajeh 3. Ibn Maajeh 4. Sunan Abu Dawood Shi’a Hadith, Al-Kaafi by Kulaini, was being written Feverish cultural development getting up speed While politics was in decadency, the culture was on the ascendancy

41 Sample Du’aa I O Allah!: We ask of Thee to favor us with the gift to obey Thee, and Detach us from being disobedient to Thee. Bestow on us sincerity in intentions; and Provide us with knowledge of the sacred. O Allah!: Honor us with guidance and honesty­, and Direct our tongues to the right and wise; Fill our hearts with comprehension and knowledge, and Cleanse us from the forbidden and doubtful. اللهم ارزقنا توفيق الطاعه وبعد المعصيه وصدق النيه وعرفان الحرمه وأكرمنا بالهدى والإستقامه وسدد ألسنتنا بالصواب والحكمه واملأ قلوبنا بالعلم والمعرفه وطهر بطوننا من الحرام والشبهة وأكفف أيدينا عن الظلم والسرقه واغضض أبصارنا عن الفجور والخيانه واسدد أسماعنا عن اللغو والغيبة اللهم ارزقنا توفيق الطاعه وبعد المعصيه وصدق النيه وعرفان الحرمه وأكرمنا بالهدى والإستقامه وسدد ألسنتنا بالصواب والحكمه واملأ قلوبنا بالعلم والمعرفه وطهر بطوننا من الحرام والشبهة وأكفف أيدينا عن الظلم والسرقه واغضض أبصارنا عن الفجور والخيانه واسدد أسماعنا عن اللغو والغيبة......

42 Sample Du’aa II O Allah our Lord! We ask of Thee for an honorable government so Islam and Muslims be dignified, and the hypocrites be in disgrace, and make of us people who call to Your obedience, and the leaders to Thy way, and award us the dignity in this life and the one to come. O Allah our Lord! We ask of Thee for an honorable government so Islam and Muslims be dignified, and the hypocrites be in disgrace, and make of us people who call to Your obedience, and the leaders to Thy way, and award us the dignity in this life and the one to come. O Lord! What Thou have taught us of the truth, Let us carry it out, and what we languished in it, let Thou inform us O Lord! Bring in him our Unity, and repair in him our predicament, and increase in him our small numbers, and fortify us in him to erase our lowliness, Oh Allah Lord of the Truth, Amen! اللهم إنا نرغب إليك في دولةٍ كريمةٍ تُعِزُّ بها الإسلام وأهله وتذل بها النفاق وأهله اللهم إنا نرغب إليك في دولةٍ كريمةٍ تُعِزُّ بها الإسلام وأهله وتذل بها النفاق وأهله وتجعلنا فيها من الدعاةِ إلى طاعتك والقادة إلى سبيلك وترزقنا بها كرامة الدنيا والآخره الهم ما عرفتنا من الحق فحملناه وما قَصُرْنا عنه فبلغناه

43 Sample Pronouncement [Tawkii’ التوقيع] وأما الحوادث الواقعه فارجعوا فيها إلى رُوَّاةِ حديثنا فإنهم حُجَّتي عليكم وأنا حُجَّةَ الله عليهم Al-Mahdi issued a Pronouncement [Tawkii'] in reply to Ishaaq Ibn Ya'qoob via his second Safeer in regard the works during the Major Occultation: As for the events which will occur, turn to the narrators of our tradition, because the narrators are my proof to you, while I am the proof of Allah to them. Al-Tibrisi mentions the following tradition attributed to Imam Al-Askari: It is mandatory for the populace to follow the jurist who refrains from committing wrong, mentions his faith, opposes carnal desire, and obeys Allah's Command.

44 Beneath the blue dome is the cellar (Sirdaab) where Imam al-Mahdi is said to have been last seen after the demise of his father

45 Ziyarah of Al-Mahdi سَلاَمٌ عَلَى آلِ يس السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا دَاعِيَ اللَّهِ وَرَبَّانِيَّ آيَاتِهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بَابَ اللَّهِ وَدَيَّانَ دِينِهِ ‏السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خَلِيفَةَ اللَّهِ وَنَاصِرَ حَقِّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ اللَّهِ وَدَلِيلَ إِرَادَتِهِ ‏السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا تَالِيَ كِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَتَرْجُمَانَهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ فِي آنَاءِ لَيْلِكَ وَأَطْرَافِ نَهَارِكَ ‏السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بَقِيَّةَ اللَّهِ فِي أَرْضِهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مِيثَاقَ اللَّهِ الَّذِي أَخَذَهُ وَوَكَّدَهُ ‏السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَعْدَ اللَّهِ الَّذِي ضَمِنَهُ ‏السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا الْعَلَمُ الْمَنْصُوبُ وَالْعِلْمُ الْمَصْبُوبُ وَالْغَوْثُ وَالرَّحْمَةُ الْوَاسِعَةُ

46 Ziyarah of Al-Mahdi Peace be unto the progeny of Yaseen Peace unto you; the caller to Allah and the interpreter of His Verses Peace unto you; the gateway to Allah and the applier of His religion Peace unto you; the viceroy of Allah and the backer of His right Peace unto you; the Claim of Allah and the sign of His volition Peace unto you; the reciter and the interpreter of the Book of Allah Peace unto you at the hours of the night and its two ends Peace unto you—the herald of Allah on His lands Peace unto you—the covenant of Allah that He has made and confirmed Peace unto you—the Promise of Allah that He has assured…

47 In Conclusion Al-Mahdi: Outline of Events and the Occultation Discussed in this slide show are: Lineage Hadiths on his behalf Al-Mahdi Becomes the Imam Salat of Janaaza During the Minor Occultation Uthman Al-Amri, the 1st Safeer: Muhammad Ibn Uthman Al-Amri, the 2nd Safeer Husain Ibn Rooh, the 3rd Safeer Ibn Muhammad Al-Sammari, the 4th Safeer End of the Minor Occultation Sample Du’aa

48 For Details Go to: Go to: Islamicbooks.info then choose: Series of Islamic Books: Life of Ahlul Bayt Vol. III

49 Be in Allah’s Care Thank you and May God Bless you. Dr. A.S. Hashim


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