A lot like Jazz improvisation. Taught orally Guru teaches Not recorded or written down.
Ravi Shankar defines ragas as: "Ragas are extremely difficult to explain in a few words. Though Indian music is modal in character, ragas should not be mistaken as modes that one hears in the music of the Middle and Far Eastern countries, nor be understood to be a scale, melody per se, a composition, or a key. A raga is a scientific, precise, subtle and aesthetic melodic form with its own peculiar ascending and descending movement consisting of either a full seven note octave, or a series of six or five notes (or a combination of any of these) in a rising or falling structure called the Arohana and Avarohana. It is the subtle difference in the order of notes, an omission of a dissonant note, an emphasis on a particular note, the slide from one note to another, and the use of microtones together with other subtleties, that demarcate one raga from the other."
Rag= Melody Tal= Rhythm Swar= Note Vibhagh= The measure Matra= The beat Lay= Tempo Avartan= The cycle Sum= emphasis on 1
Sitar: “A stringed instrument of India made of seasoned gourds and teak and having a track of 20 movable frets with 6 or 7 metal playing strings above and usually 13 sympathetic resonating strings below.” Sarod: Played with a bow Sarangi: A violinlike instrument Flute Shehnai: wind instrument (brings good luck so used in wedding ceremonies.) Tabla: a small drum or pair of drums of India tuned to different pitches and played with the hands. Pakhawaj: drum Harmonium: “an organlike keyboard instrument with small metal reeds and a pair of bellows operated by the player's feet. Mridangam: drum Ghatam: a pot used as a percussion instrument
Born: April 14, 1922 Death: June 19, 2009 Wife and 11 kids Played the Sarod Came to USA in 1955 Popularized Indian Classical Music A college in CA is named after him.
Born: April 7 th, 1920 Sitar player Spread Indian music Associated with the beatles 2 grammy awards
Remixes: old songs with new fast beat Appeals to the younger crowd Indi Pop
Modern day music re=related
Religion Music did not change a lot
Courtney, David. "Overview of Indian Classical Music." Music of India Web. Feb Scaruffi, Piero. "Indian Classical Music." A brief summary of Indian classical music Web. Feb "History of Indian music." Music Fraternity. Web. Feb "Indian Classical Music." , Web. Feb
Unstitched (or minimally stitched). White. Loin cloths Kamali: “a cloth that is passed over the left shoulder, covers the body, and ends at the ankle = a wooden shawl”. Muhapati: a square piece of fabric that is tied around the mouth.
Ahimsa – non-violence. Satya – no lieing Asteya – no stealing. Brahma-charya – don’t commit adultery. Aparigraha – detach from all earthly things Vegetarianism.
Sari: a rectangular piece of cloth, which is six yards in length. Choli: a tightly fitting blouse worn under the sari. Salwar: loose trousers like pants drawn tightly to the waist and ankles. Kameej: long and loose tunic.
Sherwani: coat-like garment. Lungi: piece of fabric worn around the thighs like a loose pair of pants. Dhoti: longer version on the Lungi Kurta-Pyjama: knee length shirt and trousers tied together with a cloth string.
Cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth. Moksha Dharma. Karma.
Males wore turbans: white, black, saffron, blue or red. Women wore turbans: after adolescence, younger: a rishi knot Young men: clean shaved Older men: kept long beards. Women: in a bun and covered Kara: gold bracelet
In Sikhism, turban colors = white : “extends the aura”; blue : ministers; saffron : wisdom; black : “ a surrender of ego.” Women : white turbans or rishi knots- depict grace and integrity. Gender-equality. Two main purposes: to serve && devote life to God. Gold purifies.
Long –skirts like bottoms--orange Cloth wrapped around upper-half of body with a blouse underneath Women: Prayer shawls and long dresses Brooms were used to sweep in front of every step to prevent from stepping on insects
“Correct understanding of human nature and ultimate reality” To end all suffering.
Women: completely covered except hands and face Men: from belly button to knee must be covered. Hijab (headscarf)
“The design of our dress must avoid three deadly sins: show off, arrogance, and self indulgence”
" Fashion in India." Culturopedia Culturopedia, Web. 23 Feb Baig, Khalid. "The Islamic Dress Code." Albalagah--Food For Thought Albalagah, Web. 23 Feb
"The Dress of Hindus." Nagpur Online. com. March Nagpur Online, Web. 23 Feb Sindoor." iloveindia. iloveindia, Web. 23 Feb
Traditional clothing......" India--reflections on life, culture, religion A. & U. Köhler, Web. 2/19/10.. Robinson, B.A. " Jain Dharma." Religious Tolerance Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance, Web. 24 Feb