Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

By: Stephanie Mitschele and Vallie Etienne.  Oldest: dating back to the Vedas  Not focused on harmony or dynamic like western classical music.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "By: Stephanie Mitschele and Vallie Etienne.  Oldest: dating back to the Vedas  Not focused on harmony or dynamic like western classical music."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Stephanie Mitschele and Vallie Etienne


3  Oldest: dating back to the Vedas  Not focused on harmony or dynamic like western classical music.

4  Shringara (romantic and erotic)  Hasya (humorous)  Karuna (pathetic)  Raudra (anger)  Veera (heroic)  Bhayanaka (fearful)  Vibhatsa (disgustful)  Adbhuta (amazement)  Shanta (peaceful)

5  A lot like Jazz improvisation.  Taught orally  Guru teaches  Not recorded or written down.

6 Ravi Shankar defines ragas as: "Ragas are extremely difficult to explain in a few words. Though Indian music is modal in character, ragas should not be mistaken as modes that one hears in the music of the Middle and Far Eastern countries, nor be understood to be a scale, melody per se, a composition, or a key. A raga is a scientific, precise, subtle and aesthetic melodic form with its own peculiar ascending and descending movement consisting of either a full seven note octave, or a series of six or five notes (or a combination of any of these) in a rising or falling structure called the Arohana and Avarohana. It is the subtle difference in the order of notes, an omission of a dissonant note, an emphasis on a particular note, the slide from one note to another, and the use of microtones together with other subtleties, that demarcate one raga from the other."

7  Rag= Melody  Tal= Rhythm  Swar= Note  Vibhagh= The measure  Matra= The beat  Lay= Tempo  Avartan= The cycle  Sum= emphasis on 1

8  Sitar: “A stringed instrument of India made of seasoned gourds and teak and having a track of 20 movable frets with 6 or 7 metal playing strings above and usually 13 sympathetic resonating strings below.”  Sarod: Played with a bow  Sarangi: A violinlike instrument  Flute  Shehnai: wind instrument (brings good luck so used in wedding ceremonies.)  Tabla: a small drum or pair of drums of India tuned to different pitches and played with the hands.  Pakhawaj: drum  Harmonium: “an organlike keyboard instrument with small metal reeds and a pair of bellows operated by the player's feet.  Mridangam: drum  Ghatam: a pot used as a percussion instrument

9 Pakhawaj Sitar Sarod Sarangi Flute Tabla Shehnai Harmonium Mridangam Ghatam

10 Examples of some Classic Indian Music


12  Born: April 14, 1922  Death: June 19, 2009  Wife and 11 kids  Played the Sarod  Came to USA in 1955  Popularized Indian Classical Music  A college in CA is named after him.

13  Born: April 7 th, 1920  Sitar player  Spread Indian music  Associated with the beatles  2 grammy awards


15  Remixes: old songs with new fast beat  Appeals to the younger crowd  Indi Pop

16 Modern day music re=related

17  Religion  Music did not change a lot

18  Courtney, David. "Overview of Indian Classical Music." Music of India Web. Feb  Scaruffi, Piero. "Indian Classical Music." A brief summary of Indian classical music Web. Feb  "History of Indian music." Music Fraternity. Web. Feb  "Indian Classical Music." , Web. Feb { "@context": "", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "", "name": " Courtney, David. Overview of Indian Classical Music. Music of India.", "description": "27 01 2010. Web. Feb 2010..  Scaruffi, Piero. Indian Classical Music. A brief summary of Indian classical music. 2002. Web. Feb 2010..  History of Indian music. Music Fraternity. Web. Feb 2010..  Indian Classical Music. 02 10 2005, Web. Feb 2010.


20  Hinduism.  Jainism.  Sikhism.  Buddhism.  Islam.

21  Unstitched (or minimally stitched).  White.  Loin cloths  Kamali: “a cloth that is passed over the left shoulder, covers the body, and ends at the ankle = a wooden shawl”.  Muhapati: a square piece of fabric that is tied around the mouth.

22  Ahimsa – non-violence.  Satya – no lieing  Asteya – no stealing.  Brahma-charya – don’t commit adultery.  Aparigraha – detach from all earthly things  Vegetarianism.


24  Sari: a rectangular piece of cloth, which is six yards in length.  Choli: a tightly fitting blouse worn under the sari.  Salwar: loose trousers like pants drawn tightly to the waist and ankles.  Kameej: long and loose tunic.

25  Sherwani: coat-like garment.  Lungi: piece of fabric worn around the thighs like a loose pair of pants.  Dhoti: longer version on the Lungi  Kurta-Pyjama: knee length shirt and trousers tied together with a cloth string.

26  Cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth.  Moksha  Dharma.  Karma.


28  Males wore turbans: white, black, saffron, blue or red.  Women wore turbans: after adolescence, younger: a rishi knot  Young men: clean shaved  Older men: kept long beards.  Women: in a bun and covered  Kara: gold bracelet

29  In Sikhism, turban colors = white : “extends the aura”; blue : ministers; saffron : wisdom; black : “ a surrender of ego.”  Women : white turbans or rishi knots- depict grace and integrity.  Gender-equality.  Two main purposes: to serve && devote life to God.  Gold purifies.


31  Long –skirts like bottoms--orange  Cloth wrapped around upper-half of body with a blouse underneath  Women: Prayer shawls and long dresses  Brooms were used to sweep in front of every step to prevent from stepping on insects

32  “Correct understanding of human nature and ultimate reality”  To end all suffering.


34  Women: completely covered except hands and face  Men: from belly button to knee must be covered.  Hijab (headscarf)

35  “The design of our dress must avoid three deadly sins: show off, arrogance, and self indulgence”


37  " Fashion in India." Culturopedia Culturopedia, Web. 23 Feb  Baig, Khalid. "The Islamic Dress Code." Albalagah--Food For Thought Albalagah, Web. 23 Feb

38  "The Dress of Hindus." Nagpur Online. com. March Nagpur Online, Web. 23 Feb  Sindoor." iloveindia. iloveindia, Web. 23 Feb

39  Traditional clothing......" India--reflections on life, culture, religion A. & U. Köhler, Web. 2/19/10..  Robinson, B.A. " Jain Dharma." Religious Tolerance Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance, Web. 24 Feb

Download ppt "By: Stephanie Mitschele and Vallie Etienne.  Oldest: dating back to the Vedas  Not focused on harmony or dynamic like western classical music."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google