I ask for the moon, and get the sun. –Using visual strategies to help children with autism communicate more effectively.
How can I get you to LISTEN to me ? Recognizing attempts at communication vs. “bad” behavior Becoming an Astute Observer “Listening” with the heart “What is “this” trying to tell me?” * Try to detach, WATCH, and listen. * Remember why you are here.
Why can’t you hear me? I’m SHOUTING inside! Communication frustrations Many children with autism have difficulty with receptive language. Many children with autism have auditory processing deficits or delays.. Many children with autism do not, or cannot, use speech as their primary means of expressive communication, but do not understand that their “inner voice” is incomprehensible to you.
SHOW me, and I’ll understand Most children with autism are visual learners. Many of these children “think in pictures”. When presented with visual cues, the world becomes a much safer place to them. When these children understand your expectations, and can see what is coming next, they are able to connect and respond in amazing ways.
Where do I begin? Assess level of interpretation. Create an individual system that works. Graduate to portable, functional systems. Start with personal interests Begin at the child’s receptive level. Develop a predictable and CONSISTENT routine! Throw in ocassional surprises.
What systems can I use? Real objects / 3-D Models Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Photo Journal
What about my language cues? BBegin with brief, concrete phrases BBe careful to “match” your language to the visual cues. BBe consistent to mastery, then give some variety in your cues. EEncourage echolalia…it’s the beginning of meaningful verbal communication!
Will visual systems hinder verbal communication? SStudies report MORE talk with more visual cues. SStarting where the child is will help her connect to your world. OOnce a child can understand, labelling and cueing will actually encourage more speech.
Assistive Technology Mayer-Johnson Picture Library IntelliPics Photographs: *Digital*Poloroid*35mm Internet Animation Don’t be afraid to mix and match!
What types of schedules should I use? Classroom Individual Object Vs. Photograph Vs. Line drawings
Taking the moon around town Using your visual systems at home. Using your visual systems in the community. How to help the consumer. How to help the community.
I HEAR and I forget…………… I SEE and I remember…………….. I DO and I understand. -Chinese Proverb