Presentation on theme: "GSM Protocol Stack Shrish Mammattva Bajpai. What is Protocol Stack ? A protocol stack (sometimes communications stack) is a particular software implementation."— Presentation transcript:
What is Protocol Stack ? A protocol stack (sometimes communications stack) is a particular software implementation of a computer networking protocol suite. The terms are often used interchangeably. Strictly speaking, the suite is the definition of the protocols, and the stack is the software implementation of them. In Windows the TCP/IP stack is implemented by the Winsock DLL.
What is Protocol Stack ? The term stack also refers to the actual software that processes the protocols. So, for example, programmers sometimes talk about loading a stack, which means to load the software required to use a specific set of protocols.
MS End Protocol Stack Physical Layer Data Link Layer Layer 3 Radio Recourse Management Mobility Management Connection Management
BTS End Protocol Stack Physical Layer Data Link Layer Layer 3 Radio Recourse Base Transreceiving Station Management
BSC End Protocol Stack Physical Layer Data Link Layer Layer 3 Radio Recourse Base Tranreceiving Station Management Signaling Connection Control Part Direct Transfer Application Part Base Station Subsystem Management Application Part
MSC End Protocol Stack Message Transfer Part Signaling Connection Control Part Direct Transfer Application Part Base Station Subsystem Management Application Part Connection Management Mobility Management Mobile Application Part Transaction Capabilities Application Part.
Um Interface Data Link Layer Operation Mode 1 Unacknowledged Operation Data Transmitted in UI frame. No Ack No Flow control Mechanism. No L2 error correction technique. Use for all channels except RACH..
Um Interface Data Link Layer Operation Mode 2 Acknowledged Operation Mode Data Transmitted in I frame. + Ve Ack Flow control Mechanism. Error correction technique. Use for DCCH Channel
Connection End Point Identifiers of L2 connections are labeled with Data Ling Layer Identifiers 1.Service Access End Point Identifiers 2.Connection End Point Identifiers SAPI =0 for Signaling. SAPI = 3 for SMS.
Um Interface Data Link Layer Procedure 1 Distribution Procedure SAP is associated with only one signaling channel Distribution of L2 frame receive by one channel to the respective data link procedure. Not used for RACH
Um Interface Data Link Layer Procedure 2 Random Access Procedure Only for RACH Unidirectional Procedure Deals with random control procedure Retransmission of Random Access Brust
Um Interface Data Link Layer Frame Formats 1 Points No flag at start and at last. Octets are depend upon type of channel. The end of information field is given by length indicator. Frame format contains address field and variable length. Connection of SAPI = 0 is initiated by MS. Address Field is one for control channels
Type Abis Used in common control channels Uni-directional Use. No Information Contain. Un Ack Mode Operation. SAPI =0 is used.
Um Interface Layer 3 Layer 3 RR Management. CM Management. MM Management.
Um Interface Layer 3 Frame Format 1 Common for RR, MM and CM.
Um Interface Layer 3 Frame Format 2 Transaction ID- Enable to perform several parallel signaling transaction. Protocol Discriminator – Operation type. Message Type – Different type of process. Information ID – Information elements. Length Indicator – Length of the Information ID.
Um Interface Layer 3 Radio Recourse Management. Functions
Um Interface Layer 3 Radio Recourse Management. Processes Connection Set Up And Release. Handoff. Channel Change Ciphering.
Um Interface Layer 3 Radio Recourse Management. Connection Set Up And Release Processes
Cell Information BCCH Handoff Command ACCH Handoff Access DCCH
Um Interface Layer 3 Radio Recourse Management. Activation of Ciphering Process
Done By BSS. MS get the message and done the task.
Um Interface Layer 3 Mobility Management Functions
Um Interface Layer 3 Mobility Management Process Common Mobility Management Process. TMSI Assignment. Identification Process. Authentication Process. IMSI Detach. Specific Mobility Management Process IMSI Attach Location Updation. MM Connection Management Process
Um Interface Layer 3 Mobility Management Process. Authentication Process. 2 Started by Network, when MS send the request to establish RR connection. RAND and Kc. When fails then IMSI and TMSI will send. Two time only. Fail then cancel all the connections. Emergency Calls can made only.
Um Interface Layer 3 Mobility Management Process. IMSI Detach. 2 Switch off the cell. Cancel the paging load from network. Send the message to MS on BCCH and SCCH. This process will start after the any specific operation.
A Interface Protocol Stack Message Transfer Part Signaling Connection Control Part Direct Transfer Application Part Base Station Subsystem Management Application Part Connection Management Mobility Management Mobile Application Part Transaction Capabilities Application Part.
A Interface Message Transfer Part Comprise lower 3 layer of OSI model. Routing. Transportation of the signaling message.
A Interface Signaling Connection Control Part Provides Connection less and connection oriented Services. Messages through BSC. Two Reasons for setting the SCCP Connection. 1.Location Update. 2.Call Connection Setup.
A Interface Transaction Capabilities Application Part Connectionless Service given By SCCP. Exchange of MAP messages(Between different MSC, HLR, VLR and GMSC) done through this part.
A Interface Base Station System Application Part Two Parts Base Station System Management Application Part. Direct Transfer Application Part.
A Interface Direct Transfer Application Part. The messages through CM & MM are passed on transparently through BSS using DTAP Protocol. Only Connection Oriented Services. One signaling connection for each active MS with one or more transaction. New connection establish each time when the new transaction start between MS and MSC.
A Interface BSSMAP Responsible for all admin and control of the radio recourses. Handoff and channel ass. is control by BSSMAP. Two type of procedure. 1.Global BSSMAP procedure. 2.Dedicated BSSMAP procedure.