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251 WILLIAM FRY In 1971, Dr. William Fry of the Stanford University Medical School started doing empirical studies on the effects of humor and laughter.

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Presentation on theme: "251 WILLIAM FRY In 1971, Dr. William Fry of the Stanford University Medical School started doing empirical studies on the effects of humor and laughter."— Presentation transcript:

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2 251 WILLIAM FRY In 1971, Dr. William Fry of the Stanford University Medical School started doing empirical studies on the effects of humor and laughter on the healing process. His results are now widely published.

3 与国际幽默研究大师 William Fry 合影 岳晓东制作

4 Humor is one of the few therapeutic strategies that does as much good for the doctor as it does for the patient.

5 Prescription: You need humor!

6 法拉第的幽默治疗 英国著名化学家法拉第,由于长期紧张 工作,患头痛、失眠等症,经过多年医 治,未能根除,健康每况愈下。后来, 一位高明的医师给他开了一张奇怪的处 方:没写药名,只写了一句谚语: “ 一个 小丑进城,胜过一打医生。 ” 英国著名化学家法拉第,由于长期紧张 工作,患头痛、失眠等症,经过多年医 治,未能根除,健康每况愈下。后来, 一位高明的医师给他开了一张奇怪的处 方:没写药名,只写了一句谚语: “ 一个 小丑进城,胜过一打医生。 ” 法拉第决定经常到马戏团看小丑表演, 每次都是大笑而归。从此,他的紧张情 绪逐渐松弛,不久,头痛、失眠的症状 也消失了。 法拉第决定经常到马戏团看小丑表演, 每次都是大笑而归。从此,他的紧张情 绪逐渐松弛,不久,头痛、失眠的症状 也消失了。 增强身心健康增强身心健康增强身心健康增强身心健康

7 What is laughter Laughter is a part of human behaviour regulated by the brain. It helps humans clarify their intentions in social interaction and provides an emotional context to conversations. Laughter is a part of human behaviour regulated by the brain. It helps humans clarify their intentions in social interaction and provides an emotional context to conversations. Laughter is used as a signal for being part of a group — it signals acceptance and positive interactions with others. Laughter is sometimes seemingly contagious, and the laughter of one person can itself provoke laughter from others as a positive feedback. Laughter is used as a signal for being part of a group — it signals acceptance and positive interactions with others. Laughter is sometimes seemingly contagious, and the laughter of one person can itself provoke laughter from others as a positive feedback.

8 “ What helps people survive awful circumstances is their ability to detach and get beyond themselves. This is seen in heroism and humor.” -Victor Frankl

9 Ability to Find Humor and Laughter  Allows us to detach from the trauma for a moment  Offers a respite from the emotional chaos  Provides an emotional catharsis  Provides a way to get beyond defenses  Gives us ballast and balance during difficult times  Neutralizes anger, tension and fear  Allows us to feel strong, resilient and hopeful  If we can laugh, we know that we will survive

10 How do you feel now?

11 Humor and Laughter Humor and laughter strengthen our immune systems and help us recover from illness, as well as bring joy into our lives Laughter activates the chemistry of the will to live and increases our capacity to fight disease. Laughing relaxes the body and reduces problems associated with high blood pressure, strokes, arthritis, and ulcers. Some research suggests that laughter may also reduce the risk of heart disease.

12 Stock humorous magazines and newsletters in waiting areas and restrooms Funny video or audio tapes in the lounge Artwork with playful themes Develop a humor events committee Keep a Smile-a-day board Bringing Humor to Work

13 Association for Applied and Therapeutic Humor

14 World Laughter Tour Laughter is its Own Reward. Laughter is its Own Reward. Laughter reminds us that we are joyously and joyfully natural beings, of nature not merely surrounded by nature. Laughter reminds us that we are joyously and joyfully natural beings, of nature not merely surrounded by nature. Laughter reminds us of the ecstatic potential of our existence. Laughter reminds us of the ecstatic potential of our existence. Laughter is the primary outer manifestation of joy. Steve Wilson Laughter is the primary outer manifestation of joy. Steve Wilson

15 Let’s Laugh together

16 Let’s rejoice together!

17 The 7 Benefits of Laughter Cardiac Exercise- A belly laugh is equivalent to "an internal jogging." Laughter can provide good cardiac conditioning especially for those who are unable to perform physical exercises. Blood Pressure - Women seem to benefit more than men in preventing hypertension. Respiration - Frequent belly laughter empties your lungs of more air than it takes in resulting in a cleansing effect - similar to deep breathing. Especially beneficial for patient's who are suffering from emphysema and other respiratory ailments.

18 The 7 Benefits of Laughter Muscle Relaxation - Belly laugh results in muscle relaxation. While you laugh, the muscles that do not participate in the belly laugh, relaxes. After you finish laughing those muscles involved in the laughter start to relax. So, the action takes place in two stages. Muscle Relaxation - Belly laugh results in muscle relaxation. While you laugh, the muscles that do not participate in the belly laugh, relaxes. After you finish laughing those muscles involved in the laughter start to relax. So, the action takes place in two stages. Reduction of Stress Hormones - Laughter reduces at least four of neuro-endocrine hormones associated with stress response. These are epinephrine, cortisol, dopac, and growth hormone. Reduction of Stress Hormones - Laughter reduces at least four of neuro-endocrine hormones associated with stress response. These are epinephrine, cortisol, dopac, and growth hormone. Immune System Enhancement - Clinical studies have shown that humor strengthens the immune system. Immune System Enhancement - Clinical studies have shown that humor strengthens the immune system. Pain Reduction - Humor allows a person to "forget" about pains such as aches, arthritis, etc. Pain Reduction - Humor allows a person to "forget" about pains such as aches, arthritis, etc.

19 Let’s laugh together

20 Welcomes you to attend the 22nd International Society for Humor Studies 22nd International Society for Humor Studies June 24-27, 2010 Local Host: Dr. Xiaodong Yue Department of Applied Social Studies

21 Use of Humor Therapy in History Humor has been used in medicine throughout recorded history. One of the earliest mentions of the health benefits of humor is in the book of Proverbs in the Bible. As early as the 13th century, some surgeons used humor to distract patients from the pain of surgery. Humor was also widely used and studied by the medical community in the early 20th century.

22 1.Humor hads a long history, but a short past in Chinese society. 2.The first Chinese jokes book, 笑林 (The Forestry of Jokes), was published in about 2000 years ago. 3.The first Chinese humorisits are Laotze ( 老子 ) and Zhuang Zi ( 庄子 ), the founders of Taoism 4.The Chinese humor has been underdeveloped largely due to the influence of Confucianism. History of Chinese Humor

23 中国人的幽默传统 尽管 humor 一词进人中国很晚,但 “ 幽默 ” 作为 喜剧美学的一种形式,在我国同样起源很早, 只是它在二十世纪以前一直以其他种种名目出 现诸如 “ 滑稽 ” 、 “ 科诨 ” 等。中国幽默的传统 是一个有待系统研究的大题目,但目前暂且可 以循着这样三条线:  俳优 —— 戏剧 —— 曲艺;  寓言故事 —— 民间笑话 —— 政治笑话;  民谣 —— 文人散文诗词 —— 话本小说 —— 各类文学作品。 岳晓东制作

24 The Past of Chinese Humor Therapy


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