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Annotated Bibliography Readings from “MonkeyLuv”, “Learned Optimisim” or “The Seven Sins of Memory”

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Presentation on theme: "Annotated Bibliography Readings from “MonkeyLuv”, “Learned Optimisim” or “The Seven Sins of Memory”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Annotated Bibliography Readings from “MonkeyLuv”, “Learned Optimisim” or “The Seven Sins of Memory”

2 First: Read Read the chapters that have been assigned. As you read, you should highlight, underline and make notes in the margins. The intent is to grasp understanding, as you will be summarizing each article. The content might be slightly technical in places. Don’t worry or halt in your reading. My expectation is that you show as much understanding as you can. In places, you will simply “get the gist” of what you are reading. You will submit your highlighted, worked-over chapters with your final project.

3 Step One: Summarizing What are the main arguments? What is the point of this chapter? What topics are covered? If someone asked what this chapter is about, what would you say? Choose only the key ideas, and the most interesting examples. Summaries are typically a quarter to a third of the length of the original, but in this case, aim for approximately 1.5-2 pages per chapter, when double-spaced and typed in a 12-font. For “Monkey Luv”, each chapter summary will be between ¾ page – 1 page. Use the headings that are there to help you organize your summary. If there aren’t (enough) headings, make them up. Headings help you move through the material. You are clearly going to ignore some of the material, in order to boil it down to 2 pages / chapter.

4 8 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing and Summarizing 1.Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. Highlight and look up tricky vocabulary, as you go. 2.Cross out parts you will not use. 3.Use a system of stars, arrows, symbols to indicate what you feel is really important. 4.Refer to the original, when it’s all marked up, and write your summary. 5.For each section of your summary, keep headings and key words to keep your reader (and yourself) on track – what are you focusing on, at this point? 6.Check your version with the original to make sure that it accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form. 7.Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phrase you have borrowed exactly from the source. (put page numbers in brackets). 8.Record the source (including the page numbers) on your rought draft so that you can keep your chapters straight.

5 Some Examples to Compare The original passage: Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final [research] paper. Probably only about 10% of your final manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter. Therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes. Lester, James D. Writing Research Papers. 2nd ed. (1976): 46-47. An acceptable summary: Students should take just a few notes in direct quotation from sources to help minimize the amount of quoted material in a research paper. –You do not have to use internal citations in the summaries, since I realize you are summarizing from the original. If you incorporate a direct quote, then you must provide an internal citation.

6 Repeat: Read and summarize each of the chapters. My hope for you is that you finish the reading and the summaries by end of class Wednesday. You will have had study hall, as well. If you have not finished by end of Wednesday’s class, I recommend your finishing at home that night so that you can keep the pace.

7 Thursday My hope is that you are able to assess and reflect during Thursday’s class. That way, you will be ready to go to the computer lab on Friday and Monday, to complete the glossary and to type and format your paper.

8 Step Two: Assess Answer the following questions. You do not have to do so for each chapter. Tackle these questions, overall, with all chapters in mind. You might choose, first, to do so in “answer-format”(which I will not see) then write two or three paragraphs, with all the answers melded together. You are aiming for one page, double-spaced. 1.What does the author want to accomplish? 2.Try to determine if the content is fact, opinion, or propaganda. What does he base his assessment / opinion on? Support your opinion. 3.Is the language objective or emotional (objective = based on facts, not influenced by emotion) or both? Explain your opinion. 4.How timely is the source? Was it written recently enough to be relevant, in your opinion? Some information becomes dated when new research is available, but other older sources of information can be quite sound 50 or 100 years later. Does the author reference older research? Does he allude to newer research? Give examples, if this is the case. 5.What are the author’s credentials? You will need to do a little research on the author (one good source will do). Cite your source in an internal citation and also on the reference page. This section should be approximately 1 page long, when double spaced.

9 Step Three: Reflection Were these chapters interesting? Have they enhanced your understanding of the subject? What did you know about the subject, previous to reading these chapters? Did these chapters contradict your knowledge or enhance your knowledge? Explain your answer. In what ways does the information connect to our course? In order to answer this question, you will need to use your textbook, find a chapter or two that seem connected (we will not have read them), skim through the chapter(s), and tell me how it relates the material you have read for this assignment. (Does the focus of the textbook chapter, seem to contradict the focus of the readings and, if so, in what ways? Does the focus of the textbook support the key things about the readings, and if so, in what ways?) Is there a specific anecdote or example (within) these chapters (readings, not textbook) that touched, frightened, intrigued you most? Explain your opinion. This section (reflection) should be 1.5 pages – 2 pages when double-spaced.

10 Step Four: Glossary of Terms Compile a list of ten terms. These should be terms that you felt were necessary to look up, to enhance your understanding of a chapter, or (if they are not complicated or new to you), they were chosen because they are important to the chapter, so necessary to share in this assignment. Put the terms in alphabetical order. Indicate, after each term, the title of the chapter, in quotation marks, from which this term was taken. Provide definitions. I recommend using the resource book from the library, or the glossary of your textbook. If you aren’t lucky there, use the sites, below. Cite your source for each term. Example: Agnosia (“The President’s Speech”): The inability to recognize and identify objects or persons despite having knowledge of the characteristics of those objects or persons. (

11 Format We are using APA for this paper, because Psychology is a social science. Therefore, we will review Owl Purdue’s lab on APA. Specifically, if you check out the sample paper, your format will become clear: Your paper must have the following sections: –Title page –Abstract (about half page, double spaced) –Body: here, we follow specific guidelines for this paper (not the Owl Purdue example): use headings for each section. I. Summaries (space them out, one after the other, starting with the title of the chapter, in quotation marks). a.Chapter One Title (with 1-2 page summary) b.Chapter Two Title (with 1-2 page summary) c.Chapter Three Title (with 1-2 page summary) II. Assess III. Reflect IV. Glossary –Reference page – include a) EACH chapter of the book, separately; b) the sites you used for your glossary terms, c) the textbook d) the source you used when researching the author. –Don’t forget the running head (on each page) and to use APA-inspired page numbers. Also, use citation machine (and APA) for your in-text citations and format your reference page according to APA guidelines.

12 Deadline & Evaluation You will have six days in class to complete this. It is due on Tuesday, October 26. My marks are due two days later, so you can’t be late. We will be in the computer lab Friday and Monday. Here you will check out the APA format and type your paper. Value: 10% of overall mark (but 20% on this reporting period). Summaries10 marks Assessment 5 marks Reflection10 marks Glossary 5 marks APA formatting 10 marks 40 marks

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