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The Iliad by Homer Mrs. Kercher. The Iliad’s History An epic written 8 th century BCE. It was attributed to the poet Homer. Theories contradict this stating.

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Presentation on theme: "The Iliad by Homer Mrs. Kercher. The Iliad’s History An epic written 8 th century BCE. It was attributed to the poet Homer. Theories contradict this stating."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Iliad by Homer Mrs. Kercher

2 The Iliad’s History An epic written 8 th century BCE. It was attributed to the poet Homer. Theories contradict this stating that more than one person had to have written it. It was commonly paired with the Odyssey. It takes place throughout Greece and Troy, a city in Northwest Turkey.

3 The Story Before the Story Legend of Paris and Helen –Read the short story and the view the video. –Identify similarities and differences between the two versions. * What do you think really happened to Helen? * Do you think the Trojan War was just a dispute among men or a desire of the gods?

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5 Homer in Ancient Greece Earliest Greek Literature – Written c. 750 BCE from oral trad. (c BCE) –Recited by Rhapsodes –Epic = dactylic hexameter or long poem on war/myth Cultural Importance for Greeks –Taken as History –Hellenic Unity –Educational Texts

6 Greece and the Trojan War

7 Themes and Elements of Text CHOICE and PERSUASION THE HEROIC CODE LEADERSHIP TRIANGULAR RELATIONSHIPS SIMILES THE GODS

8 DO NOT Reduce The Iliad to: PRIDE OR FATE

9 Persons in The Iliad Acheans –Achilles & Patrocles –Agamemnon & Menalaos –Odysseus, Ajax, Phoenix Trojans –Hector & Alexandros –Priam, Helen, Andromache Gods –Zeus, Apollo, Aphrodite –Athena, Hera, Thetis

10 Characteristics of Homeric Text Beginning in medias res Cinematic presentation of events and of warfare –Look for sense imagery in the text Use of SIMILES Use of PARALLELISM when discussing events, characters and gods

11 Homeric Cycle Series of texts about Troy Some tell the same stories as the Homeric epics Many tell entirely different stories What still exists contains only a part of the entire story of the Trojan War

12 The Iliad in Greek Society One of the most revered books in ancient Greek life. Referred to as the, “Greek Bible.” One epic was performed in 3-4 days by traveling entertainers. It was enjoyed more than the Odyssey because of the Greek’s love for valiant war heroes.

13 The Iliad in Education Ancient Greece Almost all Greek children knew the story and males were required to memorize it in school. It was often performed. It was often quoted to prove a point. American The story is required in most high school programs today. A knowledge of Homeric similes is required and used by teachers and professors.

14 Features of Homer’s Text Special formulaic language of the aoidos such as fixed and recurring epithets and type scenes Exaggerated, leisurely pace of story-telling Dislike of suspense Fondness for lists (genealogies, catalogues), may derive from an oral way of organizing information Similes - far more common in the Iliad than the Odyssey; a way of stopping the action, commenting on it, enriching or judging it.

15 Homeric Similes

16 Questions about The Iliad What are the chief motivations for war or conflict in the Iliad? Compare/Contrast Achilles and Hector as representing heroic ideals. Does the character of Achilles develop over the course of the Iliad? If the Iliad is about the wrath of Achilles, what is the lesson to be learned, if any? What relevance, if any, does the Iliad have for us now?


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