2 What is an annotated bibliography? An alphabetized list of citations to books, articles, and documents used for a project.Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, called the annotation.The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the credible sources you chose for the project.
3 What should be in an annotated bibliography? Brief description/summary of the work cited (The Basics)An analysis of the source for Credibility and Reliability (based on critical evaluation tools)A reflection on its value and contribution to your work
4 The summary What was the specific format of the source? (print or electronic; encyclopedia, interview, video, etc.)Where did you find this source?(public library, school media center, home, etc.)How did you find this source? (using iPac, Database, Directory, Metasearch engine, Search engine, Invisible Web, using a Search string)Generally, what kind of information could befound in the source? (introductory, academic-level, summarized scientific papers; scholarly journal article); primary vs. secondary; edited vs. non-edited
5 Analyze, Assess and Evaluate Why was the source seen to be more valuable, credible, and reliable than other sources?Use your critical skills used last week…ABCD’sMake sure it is not a hoax or fake website…we all get taken in! Journal
6 Hoaxes or not? Pregnancy test http://thepregnancytester.com/ GenochoiceBoilerplateBonsai KittenFoot detoxAluminum foil detectorPets or FoodClones
7 Reliability of Web-based resources Peer-reviewed Scholarly Database articleAuthored database article (magazine, journal, newspaper)Increased qualityAuthored Invisible web article from Search engineAuthored websitesAuthorless websites
8 Which is real? http://www.preparingforemergencies.co.uk/index.htm or or(for WTO)
9 The AnalysisInclude information to explain the authority and/or qualifications of the authorDescribe the scope, depth, and main purpose of the workExamine the intended audience of the source (reading level)Determine if there is bias in the sourceMake sure the source is current enoughDiscuss any limitations
10 The Analysis (con’t)Explain why the source is suitable for your topic…what it adds, opinions, background, expert quotesWhat are its conclusions?How is the source related to other sources in the filed (does it contradict? Add another viewpoint? Agree with most other sources?Evaluate the methodology if it includes a study
11 Are these seemingly scientific papers legitimate? EarthquakesFeline reactionsVelcro CropSETI ProtocolJournal of Geoclimatic Studies
12 The Reflection Why did you use this source as opposed to another? What did it contribute to your project, paper, essay, or report that other sources could not?What did it do better than other sources?How could it help others doing similar research?
13 Other info to addComments about any special features of the work, if necessary or relevant (graphs, charts, appendices, etc.)Describe your reaction to the itemWhat did I really like about this source?What did I find difficult about this source?
14 Types of Annotated Bibliographies Informative/DescriptiveCriticalCombined
15 Informative Annotated Bibliography Describes the content of the work without judging it.Points out distinctive featuresIs useful for readers to decide if they could use it for their work
16 Critical - Annotated Bibliography Assess the literature on a topicAre critical and evaluative of the worksInclude how each source is relevant to an assignmentAlso includes how the work compares to most of the existing published work in the fieldIncludes how the work may be useful to others - explicit
17 Annotation Style Annotations vary in length The length of each annotation varies according to the purpose and audience for the annotated bibliography but most are between words.Annotations may be written in complete sentences or point-form (omit intro words, articles and unnecessary modifers)Be consistent though!
18 Annotation Format Use hanging indents First line of citation –flush with left marginSubsequent lines are indentedAnnotation begins on a new line and is indented by TWO tab stopsAll parts of the annotated bibliography must be double-spacedArrange all entries alphabeticallyYou can divide it into sections if appropriate
19 Example of APA Annotated Style Waite, L. J., Goldschneider, F. K., & Witsberger, C. (1986). Nonfamily living and the erosion oftraditional family values among young adults. American Sociological Review, 51,The authors, long-time researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use datafrom the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men in a valid test oftheir hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, andexpectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find theirhypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer for young males.Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study byWilliams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result ofnonfamily living. This is a university-level publication that is only valuable for its conclusions.APA CitationAuthor evaluationStudy evaluationConclusionReading level/AudienceCompared to other literature