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Classifying Informal Institutions. Formal institutions are presentFormal institutions are absent.

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Presentation on theme: "Classifying Informal Institutions. Formal institutions are presentFormal institutions are absent."— Presentation transcript:

1 Classifying Informal Institutions

2 Formal institutions are presentFormal institutions are absent

3 Formal institutions are presentFormal institutions are absent Outcomes are similar to what formal institutions intend Outcomes are different from (or contradict) what formal institutions intend

4 Formal institutions are presentFormal institutions are absent Outcomes are similar to what formal institutions intend Complementary When the state is present but delegates certain conflicts to indigenous courts Outcomes are different from (or contradict) what formal institutions intend

5 Formal institutions are presentFormal institutions are absent Outcomes are similar to what formal institutions intend Complementary When the state is present but delegates certain conflicts to indigenous courts Substitutive: When indigenous groups create their own system because the state is missing, adopting or mirroring formal norms (holding people for theft, etc.) Outcomes are different from (or contradict) what formal institutions intend

6 Formal institutions are presentFormal institutions are absent Outcomes are similar to what formal institutions intend Complementary When the state is present but delegates certain conflicts to indigenous courts Substitutive: When indigenous groups create their own system because the state is missing, adopting or mirroring formal norms (holding people for theft, etc.) Outcomes are different from (or contradict) what formal institutions intend Accommodating: When the state is present, but people create an alternate system to ensure that the outcomes are different (e.g. resolve land disputes in accordance with traditional norms rather than formal laws)

7 Formal institutions are presentFormal institutions are absent Outcomes are similar to what formal institutions intend Complementary When the state is present but delegates certain conflicts to indigenous courts Substitutive: When indigenous groups create their own system because the state is missing, adopting or mirroring formal norms (holding people for theft, etc.) Outcomes are different from (or contradict) what formal institutions intend Accommodating: When the state is present, but people create an alternate system to ensure that the outcomes are different (e.g. resolve land disputes in accordance with traditional norms rather than formal laws) Competing: When state is absent, and the norms involve contradict formal norms (death penalty for rape, or permitting child marriage, for example)


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